|Commenced operations||August 23, 1965|
|Hubs||As US Airways Express:
Philadelphia International Airport
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport
|Frequent-flyer program||Dividend Miles (US Airways Express)|
|Airport lounge||US Airways Club (US Airways Express)|
|Alliance||Oneworld (US Airways Express)|
|Parent company||CJT Holdings|
|Key people||Jim Rankin (President)|
Air Wisconsin Airlines Corporation is a regional airline based at Outagamie County Regional Airport in the town of Greenville, Wisconsin, United States, near Appleton. Air Wisconsin is the largest privately held regional airline in the United States. It operates regional jet flights as US Airways Express under contract to US Airways, serving 69 cities in the US and Canada with hubs at Philadelphia International Airport and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport. The airline is also a ground-handler for United Express at 17 locations and for US Airways at 3 locations.
In 1963 investors from the Fox Cities raised $110,000 ($823199.58 according to inflation) to start a new airline. The airline was established in 1965 and started operations on August 23, 1965. It was founded to connect Appleton, Wisconsin with Chicago. In September 1978 the airline was certified by the Civil Aeronautics Board as an air carrier. In October 1978 it had over $10 million in assets. The airline gained the nicknames "Air Willy" and "Rag Tag".
In 1985 it merged with Mississippi Valley Airlines and continued to operate under the Air Wisconsin name. In 1990 it acquired Denver-based Aspen Airways and was itself bought by United Airlines a year later. In April of 1995 during the late ski season, Air Wisconsin was operating British Aerospace BAe 146 jet shuttle service as United Express on the former Aspen Airways route between Aspen, CO (ASE) and Denver (DEN) with no less than fourteen (14) daily nonstop flights in each direction. Air Wisconsin pioneered the concept of codesharing as an United Express carrier and had rapidly become the nation's largest regional airline in the 1980s.
United Airlines sold Air Wisconsin to CJT Holdings in 1993. Air Wisconsin was then renamed Air Wisconsin Airlines Corporation or AWAC because UAL retained the rights to the Air Wisconsin name. In February 1998 it acquired the assets of Mountain Air Express including Dornier 328 turboprop aircraft and expanded operations in the west. It flew as a feeder for AirTran Airways under the name AirTran JetConnect, but this relationship was discontinued in July 2004. Even after significant concessionary givebacks by all unions, Air Wisconsin was unable to secure a long-term deal providing service for United Airlines. United ended its contract with AWAC in April 2005, and the last flight under the United code operated on April 16, 2006. At one point, Air Wisconsin operated British Aerospace (BAe) ATP turboprop aircraft as well as BAe 146-100, BAe 146-200 and BAe 146-300 jet aircraft on United Express services. These were all large aircraft types when compared to other regional aircraft in operation at the time. Air Wisconsin was the only U.S. operator of the BAe ATP turboprop and also the BAe 146-300, which is the largest member of the BAe 146 family of jet aircraft.
The company invested $175 Million into US Airways in order to secure a partnership operating as US Airways Express. However, AWAC has recently been unable to acquire any additional US Airways Express routes. AWAC now flies exclusively as US Airways Express from its flightcrew bases in Philadelphia, New York LaGuardia, Washington DC Reagan National and Norfollk, VA. Air Wisconsin handles ground operations for United Express and for US Airways Express. It employed 2,294 staff as of March 2007.
Air Wisconsin pilots and flight attendants share crew domiciles at the following locations:
- New York, NY (LaGuardia Airport)
- Norfolk, VA (Norfolk International Airport)
- Philadelphia, PA (Philadelphia International Airport)
- Washington, DC (Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport)
|Canadair CRJ-200LR||71||50||US Airways Express|
- British Aerospace BAe ATP
- British Aerospace BAe 146-100
- British Aerospace BAe 146-200
- British Aerospace BAe 146-300
- British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven
- de Havilland Canada DH-104 Dove
- de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
- de Havilland Canada DHC-7 Dash 7
- de Havilland Canada DHC-8-100 Dash 8
- de Havilland Canada DHC-8-300 Dash 8
- Dornier 328 Turboprop
- Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner
- Fokker F27-500
- Shorts Brothers 360 (via MVA merger)
- Shorts Brothers 330 (via MVA merger)
Air Wisconsin performs CRJ maintenance activities at the following locations:
- Columbia, South Carolina (Columbia Metropolitan Airport)
- Milwaukee, Wisconsin (General Mitchell International Airport)
- Norfolk, Virginia (Norfolk International Airport)
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Philadelphia International Airport)
Air Wisconsin also contracts aircraft maintenance heavy checks at a facility in Hot Spring, Arkansas (HOT).
For larger airworthiness issues, Air Wisconsin contracts with Bombardier Aerospace in Clarksburg, WV (CKB).
Past Heavy Check maintenance conducted in Montreal, Canada.
Air Wisconsin's primary aircraft painting facility is located in Greenville, MS (GLH).
Incidents and accidents
|Flight 671||June 29, 1972||DHC-6||Chicago, IL-
|near Appleton, WI||While approaching Outagamie County Regional Airport, Flight 671 was involved in a midair collision over Lake Winnebago with North Central Airlines Flight 290 (Green Bay-Oshkosh-Milwaukee-Chicago; both planes crashed into the lake and sank||13 fatal
(8 on Flight 671)
(5 on Flight 290)
|Pilots of both flights failed to see and avoid the others' aircraft |
||June 12, 1980||Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner||Appleton, WI-
|near Valley, NE||The aircraft suffered a multiple engine failure after entering a thunderstorm. The amount of water ingested into the engine caused a power interruption and a loss of control; plane hit the ground nose-down and right wing-down; plane skidded and ended inverted||13 fatal,
|Improper in-flight decisions by captain, complete failure of 2 engines |
||December 16, 2007||CRJ 200||Philadelphia, PA-
|T. F. Green Airport||Miscommunication between the first officer and captain resulted in the first officer idling the engines on final approach. Soon a 2000ft rate of descent developed, the captain attempted to salvage the landing and stalled the aircraft. The aircraft touched down at a 9 degree bank, collapsed the landing gear and the aircraft skidded to a halt left of the runway.||0 injuries||The captain’s attempt to salvage the landing from an instrument approach which exceeded stabilized approach criteria, resulting in a high sink rate, likely stall, and hard landing which exceeded the structural limitations of the airplane |
- Norwood, Tom; Wegg (2002). North American Airlines Handbook. John (3rd ed.). Sandpoint, ID: Airways International. p. 5. ISBN 0-9653993-8-9.
- "Zoning Map." Town of Greenville. June 17, 2009. Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
- "Contact Air Wisconsin." Air Wisconsin. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
- Mader, Becca. "Appleton's Air Wisconsin cuts costs to remain competitive." The Business Journal of Milwaukee. May 17, 2004. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-03-27. p. 69.
- "Air Wisconsin: Commuter Success Story." Flight International. October 21, 1978. p. 1464.
- departedflights.com. April 2, 1995 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Denver flight schedules
- Air Wisconsin fleet at ch-aviation.ch. Retrieved 2013-12-29
- Air Wisconsin Airlines Company Overview, airwis.com accessed on 2013-08-01
- "Aircraft Accident Report North Central Airlines, Inc. Allison Convair 340/440ICV-580, N90858 and Air ,Wisconsin Inc., DHC-6, N4043B near Appleton, Wisconsin June 29, 1972". National Transportation Safety Board. 1973-04-25. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- "Aircraft Accident Report Air Wisconsin Inc. Swearingen SA-226 Metro N650S Valley, Nebraska June 12, 1980". National Transportation Safety Board. 1980-12-09. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- "Aircraft Accident Report Air Wisconsin Airlines. Bombardier CL600-2B19, Providence, RI December 16, 2007". National Transportation Safety Board.
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