Airborne aircraft carrier
An airborne aircraft carrier is a type of mother ship aircraft which can carry, launch, retrieve and support other smaller aircraft.
The only examples to have been built were airships, although airborne aircraft carriers of various types appear in fiction.
USS Akron and Macon
Following experiments with launching and recovering small aeroplanes using the USS Los Angeles (ZR-3), the USA designed the Akron and Macon with internal hangars able to house a number of Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk biplane fighters. The fighters were launched and recovered using a "trapeze" mechanism.
With lengths of 785 ft (239 m), Akron and Macon were among the largest flying objects in the world and still hold the world record for helium-filled airships. They were just 20 ft (6.1 m) shorter than the German hydrogen-filled airship Hindenburg.
Akron first flew on 8 August 1931 and Macon followed on 21 April 1933. The Sparrowhawk fighters became operational in September 1932. Akron was destroyed on 4 April 1934 and Macon on 12 February 1935.
During her accident-prone 18-month term of service, the Akron served as an airborne aircraft carrier for launching and recovering F9C Sparrowhawk fighter planes. Akron was destroyed in a thunderstorm off the coast of New Jersey on the morning of 4 April 1933, killing 73 of her 76 crewmen and passengers. This accident was the largest loss of life for any known airship crash.
Macon was designed to carry biplane parasite aircraft, five single-seat Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk for scouting or two-seat Fleet N2Y-1 for training. In service for less than two years, in 1935 Macon was damaged in a storm and lost off California's Big Sur coast, though most of the crew were saved. The wreckage is listed as "USS Macon Airship Remains" on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
The British Imperial Airship Scheme of 1924 initially envisaged an airship that could carry five fighter aircraft in military use, but this requirement was abandoned and the project saw only the civilian R100 and R101 airships to completion.
During the 1940s alternate plans were drawn that were not realized. One proposal was for a rigid runway situated on the top of the airship for both take off and landings of planes, and an elevator to move the aircraft into the hangar located inside the main hull. This would allow an airship to field a large amount of aircraft. These plans were abandoned due to weight/lift ratio of the airship and the lost internal gas space (thus reducing the lift) due to the installation of a large hangar.
Airborne aircraft carriers in fiction
Fictional craft include:
- Helicarrier – Nick Fury/S.H.I.E.L.D./The Avengers
- Cloudbase – Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons.
- Skybase – Gerry Anderson's New Captain Scarlet.
- Iron Vulture – Airship captained by the Air Pirate leader Don Karnage in the Disney animated series TaleSpin.
- Valiant – Doctor Who.
- Royal Navy flying aircraft carriers – Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow.
- XB-0 Hresvelgr of the Ace Combat series.
- Protoss Carrier of StarCraft universe.
- Saints Row: The Third- Flying STAG Aircraft Carrier, the Daedalus.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Airborne aircraft carriers.|
- Submarine aircraft carrier
- Parasite aircraft
- Mother ship
- Composite aircraft
- List of fictional aircraft
- "Plane Hitched To Dirigible by Hook in Flight" Popular Mechanics, August 1930
- Jones, L.S.; US Naval Fighters, Aero Publishers 1977.
- Commander Describes Akron Tragedy While Navy Search Goes On 1933/04/06 (1933). Universal Newsreel. 1933. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "10 Worst Airship Disasters in History". Retrieved 2013-03-03.
- Imperial Airship Service, The Airship Heritage Trust. Accessed 10 June 2009.
- "Marvel's The Avengers Helicarrier". fantastic plastic.com. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Cloudbase H.Q.". actiontoys.com. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Skybase central". spectrum-headquarters.com. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "The TaleSpin Sourcepage – The Iron Vulture". talespinsourcepage.i8.com. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
- "Valiant: Misc". Doctor Who. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
- "page S". Rotary Action at rotaryaction.com. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
- "XB-0 'Hresvelgr'". The Union Of Power. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- "Saints Row: The Third – Playthrough". gamefaqs. Retrieved 2012-07-18.