Airborne aircraft carrier

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For other kinds of carrier aircraft, see Mother ship.

An airborne aircraft carrier is a type of mother ship aircraft which can carry, launch, retrieve and support other smaller aircraft.[1]

The only examples to have been built were airships, although airborne aircraft carriers of various types appear in fiction.

Airship projects[edit]

The British Imperial Airship Scheme of 1924 initially envisaged an airship that could carry five fighter aircraft in military use, but this requirement was abandoned and the project saw only the civilian R100 and R101 airships to completion.[2]

USS Akron and Macon[edit]

The Akron in flight, November 1931
A Sparrowhawk fighter attached to the trapeze beneath Macon, 1933

USS Akron (ZRS-4) and USS Macon (ZRS-5) were two rigid airships built for scouting duties for the U.S. Navy and operational between 1931 and 1933.

Following experiments with launching and recovering small aeroplanes using the USS Los Angeles (ZR-3), the USA designed the Akron and Macon with internal hangars able to house a number of Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk biplane fighters. The fighters were launched and recovered using a "trapeze" mechanism.[3]

With lengths of 785 ft (239 m), Akron and Macon were among the largest flying objects in the world and still hold the world record for helium-filled airships.[citation needed] They were just 20 ft (6.1 m) shorter than the German hydrogen-filled airship Hindenburg.

Akron first flew on 8 August 1931 and Macon followed on 21 April 1933. The Sparrowhawk fighters became operational in September 1932. Akron was destroyed on 4 April 1934 and Macon on 12 February 1935.[4]

During her accident-prone 18-month term of service, the Akron served as an airborne aircraft carrier for launching and recovering F9C Sparrowhawk fighter planes. Akron was destroyed[5] in a thunderstorm off the coast of New Jersey on the morning of 4 April 1933, killing 73 of her 76 crewmen and passengers. This accident was the largest loss of life for any known airship crash.[6]

Macon was designed to carry biplane parasite aircraft, five single-seat Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk for scouting or two-seat Fleet N2Y-1 for training. In service for less than two years, in 1935 Macon was damaged in a storm and lost off California's Big Sur coast, though most of the crew were saved. The wreckage is listed as "USS Macon Airship Remains" on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

Airborne aircraft carriers in fiction[edit]

Fictional craft include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ege, L.; Balloons and airships, Blandford (1973), Page 204. "...ZRS-4 was a real aircraft carrier. It had been found feasible to attach an aeroplane to Los Angeles in flight and later release it again, but ZRS-4 could, while in flight, actually receive in flight five scout or reconnaissance aeroplanes and store them in a special hangar inside its huge belly."
  2. ^ Imperial Airship Service, The Airship Heritage Trust. Accessed 10 June 2009.
  3. ^ "Plane Hitched To Dirigible by Hook in Flight" Popular Mechanics, August 1930
  4. ^ Jones, L.S.; US Naval Fighters, Aero Publishers 1977.
  5. ^ Commander Describes Akron Tragedy While Navy Search Goes On 1933/04/06 (1933). Universal Newsreel. 1933. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "10 Worst Airship Disasters in History". Retrieved 2013-03-03. 
  7. ^ "Marvel's The Avengers Helicarrier". fantastic plastic.com. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Cloudbase H.Q.". actiontoys.com. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Skybase central". spectrum-headquarters.com. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "The TaleSpin Sourcepage – The Iron Vulture". talespinsourcepage.i8.com. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-18. 
  11. ^ "Valiant: Misc". Doctor Who. Retrieved 2012-07-18. 
  12. ^ "page S". Rotary Action at rotaryaction.com. Retrieved 2012-07-18. 
  13. ^ "XB-0 'Hresvelgr'". The Union Of Power. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  14. ^ "Saints Row: The Third – Playthrough". gamefaqs. Retrieved 2012-07-18.