Airborne fraction

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The airborne fraction is a scaling factor defined as the ratio of the annual increase in atmospheric CO
2
to the CO
2
emissions from anthropogenic sources.[1] It represents the proportion of human emitted CO
2
that remains in the atmosphere. The fraction averages about 45%, meaning that approximately half the human-emitted CO
2
is absorbed by ocean and land surfaces. There is some evidence for a recent increase in airborne fraction, which would imply a faster increase in atmospheric CO
2
for a given rate of human fossil-fuel burning.[2] However, other sources suggest that the "fraction of carbon dioxide has not increased either during the past 150 years or during the most recent five decades".[3][4]

Changes in carbon sinks can affect the airborne fraction.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Forster, P, V Ramaswamy, P Artaxo, et al. (2007) Changes in Atmospheric Constituents and in Radiative Forcing. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S. et al. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK & New York, USA.[1]
  2. ^ Canadell, Josep G.; Corinne Le Quere; Michael R. Raupach; Christopher B. Field; Erik T. Buitenhuis; Philippe Ciais; Thomas J. Conway; Nathan P. Gillett; R. A. Houghton; Gregg Marland (November 20, 2007). "Contributions to accelerating atmospheric CO2 growth from economic activity, carbon intensity, and efficiency of natural sinks". PNAS 104 (47): 18866–18870. doi:10.1073/pnas.0702737104. PMC 2141868. PMID 17962418. Retrieved 2010-01-02. 
  3. ^ "No Rise of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Fraction in Past 160 Years, New Research Finds". ScienceDaily LLC. 31 Dec 2009. Archived from the original on 1 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Knorr, Wolfgang (7 Nov 2009). "Is the airborne fraction of anthropogenic CO
    2
    emissions increasing?"
    . GRL. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010.