Aircraft in fiction
|Aircraft in fiction|
|Real military aircraft, such as this Grumman F-14 Tomcat, frequently appear in works of fiction.|
Aircraft in fiction covers the various real-world aircraft that have made significant appearances in fiction over the decades, including in books, films, toys, TV programs, video games, and other media. These appearances spotlight the popularity of different models of aircraft, and showcase the different types for the general public.
The years between World War I and World War II saw extensive use of the new technology, aircraft, in the new medium, film. In the early 1920s Hollywood studios made dozens of now-obscure 'aerial Westerns' with leads such as Tom Mix and Hoot Gibson, where the role of the horse was taken by aircraft, or used aircraft as nothing more than vehicles for stunts to excite audiences. In 1926 the first 'proper' aviation film was made; Wings is a story of two pilots who sign up to fly and fight in World War I. Made with the co-operation of the United States's then-Department of War (a relationship that continues to this day), it used front-line military aircraft of the day such as the Thomas-Morse MB-3 and Boeing PW-9, flown by military pilots. Future U.S. Air Force Generals Hap Arnold and Hoyt Vandenberg were among the military officers involved with the production, Arnold as a technical consultant and Vandenberg as one of the pilots. Wings was a box-office hit when it achieved general release in 1929 and went on to win the award for Best Production at the first Academy Awards.
In Fascist Italy in the 1930s, aviation-themed films were used as propaganda tools to complement the massed flights led by Italo Balbo in promoting the regime domestically and abroad. One such film was the most successful Italian film of the pre-World War II era; Luciano Serra pilota (Luciano Serra, pilot) was inextricably linked to the Fascist government via Mussolini's son Vittorio, who was the driving force behind the film's production. The film, set between 1921 and the Italo-Abyssinian War, was used to compare the allegedly moribund state of aviation in pre-Fascist Italy with the purported power of the Regia Aeronautica and Italian aviation in general in the 1930s. However, by the time that Luciano Serra pilota was shown at the 1938 Venice Film Festival, the link between aviation and Fascism had already been firmly established in the minds of the Italian people through widespread depictions of aircraft in a variety of media. For example, there was an entire branch of the Futurist Art movement devoted to aviation, known as Aeropittura (Aeropainting). While many of the Aeropittura works were devoted to flight rather than aircraft per se, some did celebrate Italian aviation exploits, such as Alfredo Ambrosi's Il volo su Vienna (The Flight over Vienna) which depicted in Futurist style the World War I exploit of Gabriele d'Annunzio; although the city of Vienna is shown in abstract in accordance with the aims of Aeropittura – namely to show the dynamism and excitement of flight – the Ansaldo SVA aircraft are very carefully and accurately rendered.
- 1 A-1 Skyraider
- 2 A-4 Skyhawk
- 3 A-6 Intruder
- 4 A-10 Thunderbolt II
- 5 A-26/B-26 Invader
- 6 A6M Zero
- 7 Adam A500
- 8 Aérospatiale Gazelle
- 9 Aérospatiale Puma
- 10 AgustaWestland AW101
- 11 AH-64 Apache
- 12 Airspeed Horsa
- 13 Albatros D.III
- 14 Antonov An-12
- 15 Antonov An-124
- 16 Antonov An-225
- 17 Auster
- 18 Aviation Traders Carvair
- 19 Avro 504
- 20 Avro Ashton
- 21 Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow
- 22 Avro Lancaster
- 23 Avro Vulcan
- 24 B-1 Lancer
- 25 B-2 Spirit
- 26 B-17 Flying Fortress
- 27 B-18 Bolo
- 28 B-24 Liberator
- 29 B-25 Mitchell
- 30 B-26 Marauder
- 31 B-29 Superfortress
- 32 B-36 Peacemaker
- 33 B-47 Stratojet
- 34 B-52 Stratofortress
- 35 B-58 Hustler
- 36 Beech 18
- 37 Bell 47
- 38 Bell 206
- 39 Bell 222
- 40 Bell H-1 Iroquois
- 41 Bell X-1
- 42 Bell X-2
- 43 Boeing 314
- 44 Boeing 707
- 45 Boeing 727
- 46 Boeing 747
- 47 Boeing 757
- 48 Boeing 767
- 49 Boeing 777
- 50 Boeing PT-17 Stearman
- 51 Bristol Beaufighter
- 52 Bristol Blenheim
- 53 Bristol F2B
- 54 Bristol Type 170 Freighter
- 55 Bücker Bestmann
- 56 Bugatti Model 100
- 57 C-47 Skytrain / C-53 Skytrooper / Dakota
- 58 C-54 Skymaster
- 59 C-74 Globemaster
- 60 C-82 Packet
- 61 C-119 Flying Boxcar
- 62 C-121 Constellation
- 63 C-123 Provider
- 64 C-130 Hercules
- 65 CAC Wirraway
- 66 Capelis XC-12
- 67 CASA 2.111
- 68 Caudron 277
- 69 Cessna 170
- 70 Cessna 310
- 71 Cessna 402
- 72 CG-4 Haig / Hadrian
- 73 CH-34 Choctaw / Westland Wessex
- 74 CH-46 Sea Knight / Boeing-Vertol 107
- 75 Concorde
- 76 Consolidated NY
- 77 Curtiss RC-1
- 78 Dassault Mirage 2000
- 79 de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver
- 80 de Havilland Comet
- 81 de Havilland DH.4
- 82 de Havilland DH.88 Comet
- 83 de Havilland DH.89 Dragon Rapide
- 84 de Havilland Fox Moth
- 85 de Havilland Hornet Moth
- 86 de Havilland Mosquito
- 87 de Havilland Vampire
- 88 Douglas DC-3
- 89 Douglas DC-4
- 90 Douglas DC-8
- 91 EB-66 Destroyer
- 92 Eurocopter Tiger
- 93 F2H Banshee
- 94 F3F
- 95 F-4 Phantom II
- 96 F4F Wildcat
- 97 F4U Corsair
- 98 F-5 Freedom Fighter/Tiger II
- 99 F6F Hellcat
- 100 F9F Panther
- 101 F11F Tiger
- 102 F-14 Tomcat
- 103 F-15 Eagle
- 104 F-16 Fighting Falcon
- 105 F/A-18 Hornet
- 106 F-22 Raptor
- 107 F-35 Lightning II
- 108 F-86 Sabre
- 109 F-101 Voodoo
- 110 F-104 Starfighter
- 111 F-105 Thunderchief
- 112 Fairchild Hiller FH-227
- 113 Fairey Swordfish
- 114 Focke-Wulf Fw 190
- 115 Focke-Wulf Triebflügel
- 116 Fokker Dr.1
- 117 Fokker D.VII
- 118 Folland Gnat
- 119 Ford Trimotor
- 120 GAF Nomad
- 121 Gee Bee Racer
- 122 Gloster Gladiator
- 123 Gloster Meteor
- 124 Goodyear Blimp
- 125 Gotha G.IV
- 126 Grumman G-21 Goose
- 127 Grumman HU-16 Albatross
- 128 Grumman TBF / General Motors TBM Avenger
- 129 Grumman Widgeon
- 130 Grumman X-29
- 131 Harrier family
- 132 Handley Page Victor
- 133 Hawker Hunter
- 134 Hawker Hurricane
- 135 Hiller UH-12 / OH-23 Raven
- 136 Hindenburg
- 137 Hispano HA-1112
- 138 Hughes 500 / OH-6 Cayuse / MH-6 Little Bird
- 139 Hughes H-4 Hercules
- 140 Hughes XF-11
- 141 ICON A5
- 142 Ikarus Kurir
- 143 J2F Duck
- 144 Junkers Ju 52/3m
- 145 Kaman SH-2 Seasprite
- 146 L-5 Sentinel
- 147 Lamson Alcor
- 148 Lockheed Constellation
- 149 Lockheed EP-3
- 150 Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior
- 151 Lockheed Hudson
- 152 Lockheed Jetstar
- 153 Lockheed L-1011 Tristar
- 154 Lockheed Lodestar
- 155 Lockheed T-33 T-Bird
- 156 Lockheed U-2
- 157 Martin MB-2
- 158 Messerschmitt Bf 108
- 159 Messerschmitt Bf 109
- 160 Messerschmitt Me 262
- 161 MiGs (generic)
- 162 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21
- 163 Mikoyan MiG-29
- 164 Mil Mi-8/-17
- 165 Mil Mi-24
- 166 Mil Mi-26
- 167 Moller M400 Skycar
- 168 Morane-Saulnier MS.230
- 169 N3N Canary
- 170 Nakajima Ki-27
- 171 Nieuport 17
- 172 Nieuport 28
- 173 Noorduyn AT-16
- 174 Noorduyn Norseman
- 175 North American AT-6 Texan
- 176 North American BT-9 / BT-16
- 177 North American X-15
- 178 Northrop A-17
- 179 Northrop YB-49
- 180 O-1 Bird Dog
- 181 O-2 Skymaster
- 182 O2C Helldiver
- 183 P-1 Hawk
- 184 P-35
- 185 P-38 Lightning
- 186 P-40
- 187 P-47 Thunderbolt
- 188 P-51 Mustang
- 189 P-80 Shooting Star
- 190 Panavia Tornado
- 191 PBY Catalina
- 192 PB4Y Privateer
- 193 Percival Proctor
- 194 Pfalz D.III
- 195 Pfalz D.XII
- 196 Pilatus Porter
- 197 Piper Cherokee
- 198 Pitcairn Autogyro
- 199 RAH-66 Comanche
- 200 Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2
- 201 Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5
- 202 Ryan NYP
- 203 SB2C Helldiver / A-25 Shrike
- 204 SB2U Vindicator
- 205 Short Sunderland
- 206 Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King
- 207 Sikorsky H-5 / R-5 / HO2S / HO3S / S-51
- 208 Sikorsky H-19 / Westland Whirlwind
- 209 Sikorsky S-51 / Westland Dragonfly
- 210 Sikorsky H-53 series
- 211 Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe/Sikorsky S-64
- 212 Sikorsky H-60 series
- 213 Sikorsky S-29-A
- 214 Sikorsky VS-44
- 215 Sopwith Camel
- 216 Sopwith 1&1/2 Strutter
- 217 Sopwith Pup
- 218 Space Shuttle orbiter
- 219 SPAD
- 220 SR-71 Blackbird
- 221 Stampe SV.4
- 222 Supermarine Attacker
- 223 Supermarine Spitfire
- 224 Supermarine Swift
- 225 T-2C/E Buckeye
- 226 TBD Devastator
- 227 Thomas-Morse MB-3
- 228 UFM Easy Riser
- 229 Vickers FB5 Gunbus
- 230 Vickers Valiant
- 231 Vickers Wellington
- 232 V-22 Osprey
- 233 Wallis autogyro
- 234 Wright Flyer
- 235 XB-51
- 236 XB-70 Valkyrie
- 237 Zeppelin
- 238 See also
- 239 References
- 240 Further reading
- 241 External links
In the United States the use or denial of use of current military aircraft in films is determined by the US military itself. The armed services review all requests for the use of aircraft, by examining the scripts to ensure that aircraft will only be used in films that show the US military in a positive light. Because alternatives to using real military aircraft can be expensive, this means that films that don't get US military approval often do not get financed or made. Sean McElwee, writing for Salon.com concluded of this problem, "This is a prima facie case for de facto censorship...If the government wants to allow its equipment to be used by studios, it needs to grant access to anyone who wants to use it – that is the meaning of pluralism. The Pentagon fears that some of the movies may hurt the military’s reputation and recruiting efforts. These concerns are legitimate, but it’s more important that we allow John Stuart Mill’s “market place of ideas” to be a place for free trade, rather than favoring some over others."
Since the advent of television, aircraft have been featured in numerous miniseries and series around the world. These include the American productions Airwolf, Baa Baa Black Sheep, Sky King and Wings; the Australian series Big Sky, Chopper Squad and The Flying Doctors, and the miniseries The Lancaster Miller Affair; British shows such as Airline, Piece of Cake and Squadron, the Canadian series Arctic Air; JETS – Leben am Limit and Medicopter 117 – Jedes Leben zählt from Germany; and the Canadian - British - German co-production Ritter's Cove.
Douglas AD-1 Skyraiders fly RESCAP missions over a downed Grumman F9F Panther and Sikorsky HO3S-1 in Korea in the climax of the 1954 release, The Bridges at Toko-Ri, based on the James A. Michener novel of the same title.
The Skyraider was also featured as one of the many aircraft providing close air support during the First Battle of the Ia Drang Valley Campaign in Mel Gibson's 2002 film We Were Soldiers, based on the non-fiction book We Were Soldiers Once… And Young by Lieutenant General (Ret.) Hal Moore and reporter Joseph L. Galloway.
A Douglas A-4 Ayit from the Israeli Air Force is featured in the opening scene of the Paramount Pictures film The Sum of All Fears and on the cover of the first and second editions of the novel by Tom Clancy that the film was based on.
The 1991 film Flight of the Intruder, centered around two naval aviators during the Vietnam War who take their Grumman A-6 Intruder on an unauthorized bombing raid on Hanoi, from the Stephen Coonts novel of the same name.
A-10 Thunderbolt II
Two A-26 firebombers were prominently featured in the 1989 Steven Spielberg film, Always. The flying for the film was performed by well-known film pilot Steve Hinton and Dennis Lynch, the owners of the A-26s. Attempts to use radio-controlled models for special effects shots were abandoned as unworkable and models "flown" from wire rigs were utilized instead.
The Mitsubishi A6M Zero was featured in the films The Final Countdown, Pearl Harbor, and Tora! Tora! Tora!. The Zero was also depicted in the 1976 film Midway; however real Zeros were not used. Modified T-6 Texans were used in both Tora! Tora! Tora! and Midway to depict A6M2 Type 21 Zero fighters, and some footage from the former was reused in the latter. Three Type 52 Zeros were used in Pearl Harbor. Two restored aircraft operated by Flight Magic, and one in the Planes of Fame Air Museum collection were barged to Hawaii where "all three aircraft were extensively flown with few problems until NX6528L suffered a gear-up landing. Fortunately, this was near the end of filming. NX6528L was shipped to Pete Regina Aviation at Van Nuys where it was returned to flying condition. This aircraft is now with the Commemorative Air Force Southern California Wing at Camarillo Airport."
A heavily modified Aérospatiale SA341G Gazelle was the center piece of the 1983 John Badham airborne action film Blue Thunder. The same helicopter appeared in the short-lived TV series by the same name starring James Farentino. The same modified Gazelle went on to be used in the TV mini-series Amerika.
Modified Aérospatiale SA 330 Pumas are used to depict Mil Mi-24 helicopter gunships, in the films Red Dawn, Rambo: First Blood Part II, and Rambo III, in 1984, 1985 and 1988, respectively.
An AH-64 was used to attempt to suppress the Hulk in the 2008 film, The Incredible Hulk. Although it has the standard, nose mounted M230 Chain Gun, it instead attacks with the unusual configuration of twin, pylon-mounted miniguns.
The assault on what would later be known as the Pegasus Bridge over the Caen Canal in France by British commandos landing in Airspeed Horsa gliders was depicted in the 1962 war epic The Longest Day. Only one Horsa replica was actually constructed.
The Clive Cussler novel The Mediterranean Caper featured an Albatros D.III. The World War I German biplane, with a top speed of 103 mph, managed to destroy several fictional F-105 Starfire fighters and Douglas C-133 Cargomasters.
The Decepticon character Jetstorm from the 2007 Transformers film line is based on the Antonov An-225. This toy shares its body design with Cybertron Jetfire, Classics Fireflight and Universe Air Raid.
Aviation Traders Carvair
An Avro 504 appears in the 1976 British war film Aces High, being used for photo reconnaissance, a role in which the aircraft was widely used. Directed by Jack Gold and starred Malcolm McDowell, Peter Firth, Christopher Plummer and Simon Ward, the screenplay was written by Howard Barker. As acknowledged in the opening credits, the film is based on the 1930s play Journey's End by R. C. Sherriff and the memoir Sagittarius Rising by Cecil Lewis of the Royal Flying Corps. It tells the story of an RFC squadron in the First World War and the high turnover of pilots and the strain on the survivors and includes aerial dogfight scenes.
An Avro 504 also appears in the Lewis Gilbert-directed 1956 British biographical film Reach for the Sky as the training aircraft in which a young Douglas Bader learns to fly, and was based on the 1954 biography of the same name by Paul Brickhill. Kenneth More played Bader.
An Avro Ashton, in its six-engined, Olympus testbed form appeared as the fictitious Phoenix airliner in Cone of Silence (1960), based on the novel of the same name by David Beaty, a former BOAC pilot. This concerned the takeoff problems of the Phoenix, and the subsequent accident investigation; it was based on two takeoff accidents to the de Havilland Comet.
Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow
In 1997, the CBC broadcast The Arrow miniseries. The production used a combination of archival film, remote-control flying models and computer animation for the static, ground and flying sequences. The film won numerous awards including the Gemini that year.
Len Deighton's novel Bomber describes an attack by Royal Air Force Avro Lancasters on Krefeld, Germany, during which a series of unplanned incidents leads to the carpet bombing of a small town nearby.
Lancasters appeared in the 1952 British war film Appointment in London (released in the US as Raiders in the Sky) directed by Philip Leacock and starring Dirk Bogarde. Three Lancasters were used in the production—NX673, NX679 and NX782, the same three that were used in the filming of The Dam Busters three years later.
The Lancaster was central to the second half of the British film The Dam Busters. This film is a dramatisation of the real-life Operation Chastise, which included the forming of No. 617 Squadron RAF commanded by Wing Commander Guy Gibson, who was awarded the Victoria Cross (VC), and the bombing of the Möhne, Eder and Sorpe dams in Germany to interrupt water and hydro-electric power supplies to Nazi munitions factories. The film is based upon the books The Dam Busters by Paul Brickhill and Enemy Coast Ahead by Guy Gibson.
Vintage Lancaster NX611 appeared in the 2002 BBC mini-series Night Flight (also released as Night and Day) which featured Christopher Plummer and Edward Woodward as two ageing veterans of Bomber Command who are haunted by the memories of their experiences.
Lancasters feature in the 2011 novel Dambuster by Robert Radcliffe.
Lancasters appear in a sequence depicting the bombing of Dresden in World War II in the 1992 film Map of the Human Heart directed by Vincent Ward. For the production, a mock-up cockpit section of a Lancaster was constructed and was later displayed at the Bomber Command Museum in Canada.
The Avro Vulcan figures in Anthony Gray's 1965 novel The Penetrators, in which an RAF officer attempts to demonstrate a weakness in the North American strategic defense system NORAD by launching a mock attack involving nine Vulcans and some Vickers Valiant tankers for inflight refuelling.
The spaceship HMS Camden Lock in the BBC2 comedy series Hyperdrive bears the serial number XH558. The set and prop designer, model maker Andrew Glazebrook is quoted that, "Its registration number XH558 is actually that of the Royal Air Force's "Avro Vulcan" bomber and was suggested by the show's writers, Andy Riley and Kevin Cecil." This direct involvement with the Avro Vulcan and its role as a military aircraft is clearly connected to its science-fiction counterpart.
Vulcans are the central feature of the 2008 aviation novel by English author Derek Robinson, titled Hullo Russia, Goodbye England. A British RAF pilot named Silk, a veteran of Bomber Command in the Second World War, rejoins the service at the height of the Cold War.
The 1983 James Bond film Never Say Never Again features a cruise missile launch from a Rockwell B-1 Lancer (although a sequence in which cruise missiles are loaded onto the B-1 was filmed with Concorde SST substituting for the B-1's undercarriage).
The Transformers Decepticon named Windsweeper disguises itself as a B-1 Lancer. A B-1 drops numerous bombs during the climactic battle scene in the 2009 film Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.
B-17 Flying Fortress
Arguably, the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress has been the "star" bomber of the World War II VIII Bomber Command Hollywood depictions of the air war against Festung Europa, the more-produced and heavier-hitting Consolidated B-24 Liberator being virtually overlooked in film history.
The B-17 Flying Fortress was the subject of the 1990 Warner Bros. film Memphis Belle. During filming, one of the five vintage B-17s was destroyed in an accidental crash and a second was damaged when an engine cowling detached in flight, tearing a chunk out of the aircraft's tail (and narrowly missing a nearby P-51). There were no injuries in either incident.
The first appearance of the Flying Fortress in film was a Y1B-17 in the 1938 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) production Test Pilot, although for the crash scene a Douglas DC-2 was modified to stand in for the bomber, the Army Air Corps being unwilling to risk even having a fire lit next to the scarce type for filming.
B-17Bs of the 132nd Bomb Squadron, 9th Bomb Group, March Field, California ("Land of the Flying Fortress") were featured in the 1941 Paramount Pictures film I Wanted Wings, based on the novel of the same title by 1st Lt. Beirne Lay, Jr.
The 1943 Warner Bros. film Air Force, directed by Howard Hawks, used at least nine B-17B, C and D model Flying Fortresses to depict the early year of World War II, including the attack on Pearl Harbor.
In William Wyler's 1946 film The Best Years of Our Lives, B-17s are prominently featured. The primary male characters hitch a cross country ride in a B-17E Flying Fortress early in the story, and at the conclusion the scrapyard at Chino, California is shown full of disposal B-17s and YB-40 gunship versions of the B-17.
B-17s also figured prominently in the Oscar-winning 1949 film Twelve O'Clock High starring Gregory Peck. The film focuses on aviation leadership and the human toll in the USAAF strategy of daylight precision bombing. The U.S. Air Force cooperated in the production of the film, lending aircraft to the producers and allowing filming at Eglin Air Force Base and at Ozark Army Air Field. The film featured an actual crash landing of a B-17, piloted by veteran stunt pilot Paul Mantz. The film led to a TV series of the same name, again featuring the B-17.
The other post-war (1948) film about early 8th Air Force bomber operations, MGM's Command Decision, with Clark Gable and Walter Pidgeon, relied primarily on combat footage of Flying Fortresses, although at least one B-17F and one B-17G were utilized for ground filming in California.
One ex-USAAF B-17 Flying Fortress and two ex-U.S. Navy PB-1W Flying Fortresses were retrieved from a boneyard, restored, and flown across the Atlantic Ocean for the making of the 1962 Columbia Pictures film The War Lover, based on a John Hersey novel of the same title.
A B-17G operated by Intermountain Airlines, an actual Central Intelligence Agency front company, fitted with the Fulton recovery system, drops rescue gear to James Bond and his Bond girl in the Bahamas at the conclusion of the 1965 film Thunderball. This aircraft had actually been used by the CIA to insert and recover agents in the arctic that had checked on an abandoned Soviet ice station under Project COLDFEET in 1963.
Two DB-17P former drone-controllers and one B-17F were featured in the 1969 film The Thousand Plane Raid. One of the DB-17Ps briefly appeared in the bio-pic MacArthur in 1977, still wearing the same markings and paint it had for The Thousand Plane Raid.
Five flyable B-17s were secured by producer Elmo Williams for use in the filming of the 1970 motion picture Tora Tora Tora. During filming, one B-17 suffered a malfunction in its landing gear, forcing it to land on one wheel. Williams ordered a camera crew to film the landing and incorporated the footage into the film's script.
The 1972 novel The Silver Lady by James Facos is about a B-17 crew working together and trying to survive its 25 mission tour.
B-17s are the main aircraft featured in two recent novels depicting fictional characters in the US daylight bombing offensive over Germany and Occupied Europe, American writer Sam Helpert's A Real Good War (1997) and UK author Robert Radcliffe's Under an English Heaven. (2004). Helpert's novel is about a young navigator in a B-17 completing his tour of missions in 1945 whilst Radcliffe's book depicts a veteran B-17 crew struggling to survive their tour in 1943.
For George Lucas' 2012 film about the 332d Fighter Group, the Tuskegee Airmen, Red Tails, the B-17G "Pink Lady" operated by the Association Forteresse Toujours Volante, appeared as a 351st Bomb Group aircraft named "Yankee", coded ED-N. Filmed in the Czech Republic in 2010, the film company funding allowed the warbird to fly for an additional year before being retired to museum status. Other Flying Fortresses were rendered through CGI.
The lack of film appearances of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator can be attributed in part to the wholesale scrapping of the type as the shrinking Air Force standardized on the B-17, post-World War II, the last of which would serve until 1959. Compared to the Flying Fortress, many of which had post-military careers, very few flyable Liberators exist, the Commemorative Air Force B-24A Diamond Lil' being one which has appeared in several productions.
The North American B-25 Mitchell had feature roles in the films: Thirty Seconds over Tokyo (1944) (pilot Ted Lawson's account of the Doolittle Raid), Hanover Street (1979) based on a fictional B-25 unit stationed in England, Forever Young (1992), following a B-25 test pilot's story both in the past and present.
The episode "King Nine Will Not Return" of television series The Twilight Zone was based on the "Lady Be Good", a Consolidated B-24 Liberator whose wreckage had been discovered in November 1958, and used a B-25 in place of the B-24. It first aired 30 September 1960.
The B-25 is featured in the 1961 Joseph Heller novel Catch-22 adapted into the 1970 Mike Nichols film which had 17 film unit B-25s in flying condition plus one non-flyable. Like the Battle of Britain's resurrection and ultimate preservation of German and British aviation combatants, the Catch-22 air force helped form a nucleus of the nascent warbirds movement. Fifteen of the 18 bombers used in the film still remain intact, including one on display at the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum.
The Boeing B-29 Superfortress has played an important role in several Hollywood films, particularly as that dubbed the Enola Gay which dropped the first atomic bomb. The Enola Gay was depicted in Above and Beyond and The Beginning or the End. Film makers also used the only B-29 still flying in 1983 in the film The Right Stuff to recreate the launch of the Bell X-1 for the first supersonic flight.
The first Hollywood retelling of the 509th Composite Group's preparation for the atomic missions was Above and Beyond, released by MGM in 1953, with Robert Taylor portraying Col. Paul Tibbetts, and Jim Backus as Gen. Curtis LeMay. Filmed at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base.
A B-29 features in the 1954 Cold War drama Hell and High Water directed by Samuel Fuller and starring Richard Widmark. The movie concerns a plot by the Chinese to use a captured B-29 to launch an atomic strike on Korea and then let the United States take the blame for it.
The Convair B-36 featured prominently in Paramount's Strategic Air Command (1955) starring James Stewart, a World War II bomber pilot and member of the Air Force Reserve, and written by Valentine Davies and Beirne Lay, Jr.. The film features many good aerial shots of B-36s and was primarily filmed at Carswell AFB, Texas and in the Tampa, Florida area. One shot that was particularly difficult to shoot was where Stewart's character, a baseball player was standing on a baseball field and a B-36 flew overhead, casting a shadow over him and symbolizing his coming recall to active service. In the film this character is forced to crash land his B-36 in the Arctic.
Ejection seat testing of B-47s performed at Eglin AFB, Florida, in 1953 and 1954 as part of aeromedical research was recreated in the 1955 20th Century Fox film On the Threshold of Space starring Guy Madison.
The 1963 film A Gathering of Eagles focuses on the stresses of a B-52 wing commander at the height of the cold war. Some excellent visuals of the B-52 including a complex inflight refueling operation which nearly ends in disaster. The film was written and directed by Sy Bartlett, and contains elements from Twelve O' Clock High, which he co-wrote.
The B-52 was also a key part of Stanley Kubrick's 1964 black comedy film Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb and in A Gathering of Eagles.
The disappearance of a nuclear-armed B-52 in Alaska during the Cuban Missile Crisis and its discovery in 2008 is central to the plot of an historical novel "The Alaskan Incident" by Chris Rudge published in 2013.
The 1950s American television series Whirlybirds starred a pair of Bell 47 helicopters. The association with Whirlybirds continues to be used in order to promote helicopters and the Bell 47 in particular. A Bell 47 was also one of the 'stars' of the Australian television series Skippy the Bush Kangaroo.
A Bell 47 depicted an ersatz German helicopter in the 1968 action classic Where Eagles Dare. Although experimental German helicopter types did exist in this time period, they were operationally used on only a limited basis and did not have performance necessary to ferry military officials as depicted in the film.
Chopper Squad was a 1970s Australian television series about a Bell 206 JetRanger used for rescue work in Sydney. The helicopter used was an actual rescue helicopter operated by the Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service.
A Bell 206B was one of the helicopters that attacks the oil rig control center of Ernst Stavro Blofeld in the climactic scenes of the 1971 James Bond film Diamonds Are Forever. The Jet Ranger also appeared in the 1977 Bond film The Spy Who Loved Me.
Bell H-1 Iroquois
The Bell UH-1 Iroquois (commonly called the Huey) was a central part of the 2002 film We Were Soldiers. The helicopter was shown ferrying troops into the Ia Drang valley as part of the then-new concept of air cavalry. The film particularly focused on the flights of Major Bruce Crandall, who was later awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions while piloting his UH-1 during the battle depicted in the film. Four of the UH-1s used were provided by the Georgia Army National Guard.
The UH-1 was an important part of the 1968 film The Green Berets. The production company paid $18,623.64 for the material, the eighty-five hours of flying time by UH-1 helicopters, and thirty-eight hundred man-days for military personnel taken away from their regular duties.
The slaying of Israeli athletes by Black September terrorists and the destruction of a Bundesgrenzschutz Bell/Dornier UH-1D during the 1972 Summer Olympics was depicted in the 2005 Steven Spielberg film Munich.
The Bell X-1 was depicted early in the film The Right Stuff. The film showed the historic flight of the X-1 becoming the first aircraft to break the sound barrier. This achievement helped usher in the U.S. space program that was the subject of the rest of the film. Mock-up is now displayed at the Planes of Fame Museum, Chino, California.
For the pilot-film of the TV series Quantum Leap a Bell X-2 mock-up was built, which is now on display at the Planes of Fame Museum, Chino, California, together with the X-1 mock-up from the film The Right Stuff.
The Boeing 707 serves as the platform for the real-life E-3 Sentry, an airborne warning and control aircraft. In the Tom Clancy novel "Debt of Honor", the E-3s operated by the U.S. were high-priority targets for the air forces of Japan.
In the 1990 action film Die Hard 2, a 747 that has been hijacked by terrorists is destroyed by John McClane. Three 23-foot models were fabricated by Industrial Light and Magic with one destroyed during filming done at a remote airstrip in the Mojave Desert of California. The effects were matched to a real 747 filmed taxiing at Alpena, Michigan. The cost of the special effects pushed the film towards the then-record of $70 million.
The 747 was depicted several times in the best selling Tom Clancy novel Debt of Honor. Most prominently, a Japan Airlines 747 was used in a suicide attack on the U.S. Capitol building, killing the President, most of the cabinet and the congress who were present for a joint session of the United States Congress. This event laid the premise for the sequel Executive Orders, another best seller. It was also prominent in the novel and the 2002 film The Sum of All Fears as the National Airborne Operations Center during a nuclear showdown with Russia.
A 747 in-flight is also the setting for the 2006 horror-thriller film Snakes on a Plane in which a large number of venomous snakes wriggle loose on the large jet, corralled by an FBI agent played by Samuel L. Jackson.
In the 2013 'zombie romance' movie Warm Bodies, the central character 'R' resides in the abandoned hulk of a Boeing 747, and rescues the female lead Julie by hiding her there from his fellow zombies.
The Boeing E-767, a 767 configured as an airborne early warning and control aircraft, was central to the plot in the Tom Clancy novel Debt of Honor. During a war between the U.S. and Japan, the E-767s were considered valuable assets to be protected by the operating Japanese and high-priority targets for the U.S. military.
Boeing PT-17 Stearman
The Boeing PT-17 (Model 75) Stearman, a two-seater trainer designed in 1933, has appeared in a number of films including Independence Day (1996) and The English Patient (1997) and also Pearl Harbor (2001).
Graphic novelist Garth Ennis' 2007 revival of the old British war comic hero Battler Britton: Bloody Good Show, featured the ace fighter pilot commanding a squadron of Bristol Beaufighters in North Africa during WW2.
A Bristol Blenheim IV, restored from a Bolingbroke IVT, appeared in the 1995 film Richard III, an adaptation of Shakespeare's play directed by and starring Ian McKellen; who set the play in an imaginary 1930s England ruled by a fascist-style Monarch.
A replica Bristol F2B mounted on skis was featured in the 1981 film Death Hunt which starred Charles Bronson and Lee Marvin. The replica, which was constructed in the US and had an inverted Ford Ranger engine instead of a Rolls-Royce, was originally commissioned in 1979 to appear in the movie High Road to China (1983) but was not used in that production.
The fictional RFC unit featured in Derek Robinson's 1999 novel Hornet's Sting, set in 1917 over the Western Front, exchange their outdated Sopwith Pups for the new Bristol F2Bs.
In the long-running British WW1 comic strip Charley's War, published in Battle Picture Weekly 1979-1986 and written by Pat Mills and illustrated by Joe Colquhoun, the storyline goes on a tangent when Charley Bourne's younger brother Wilf enlists under-age and becomes an observer/gunner in a Bristol F2B squadron in France in early 1918.
Bristol Type 170 Freighter
A Bristol Type 170 Freighter Mk. 11A played a major role in the 1957 British film The Man in the Sky directed by Charles Crichton and starring Jack Hawkins who played a test pilot. A major sequence of the film featured Hawkins testing a Bristol Type 170 when one of the engines catches fire and he has to stay aloft long enough to use up enough fuel in order to make an emergency landing with one engine and one wheel. The film was distributed in the US under the title Decision Against Time. The Bristol Freighter that starred in the film, G-AIFV, was damaged in a crash during filming. After repairs it returned to service with Silver City Airways until it was retired and scrapped in 1962.
In the 1963 film The Great Escape, the characters played by James Garner and Donald Pleasence steal a Bücker Bü 181 Bestmann from a German airfield in a bid to fly to neutral Switzerland; however, the aircraft develops engine problems and crashes.
Bugatti Model 100
In the Salman Rushdie book Shalimar the Clown, the Bugatti Model 100 air racer was depicted as being completed to military model 110 standards and test flown before being hidden in a haybarn from the Germans during the invasion of France in 1940.
C-47 Skytrain / C-53 Skytrooper / Dakota
- See also Aircraft in fiction#Douglas DC-3 for the civilian aircraft on which the Dakota was based
The 20th Century Fox production The Big Lift (originally titled Quartered City), set during the Berlin Airlift, was filmed in Berlin at a former German studio near Tempelhof in 1949 and Douglas C-54 Skymasters were prominently featured. Military personnel from Rhein-Main Air Base appeared as extras.
C-119 Flying Boxcar
The Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar was the subject of the 2004 remake of Flight of the Phoenix, using the descendant design of the C-82 Packet of the original. Not well received at the box office, the film also incorrectly depicted the C-119 engines using Coffman starter cartridges like the C-82, while the later design used a 5 hp (3.7 kW) auxiliary power unit to start engines.
Lockheed C-121A Constellation tail number 48-615 was used in the 1976 filming of MacArthur, starring Gregory Peck, painted in Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) markings. The film was released in 1977.
The 1990 film Air America loosely recounted the exploits of the Central Intelligence Agency proprietary airline in Southeast Asia in the 1960s and early 1970s and featured Fairchild C-123K Providers leased from the Royal Thai Air Force.
The C-123 was featured in the 1997 film Con Air, with much of the film's action taking place in and around the aircraft. Three C-123s were used in the production of the film. One aircraft was used for all of the flying sequences. Another was used for the taxiing scenes and the third Provider, non-airworthy and in poor condition, was dismantled and its fuselage used for the filming of the climatic crash scene.
Instead of using a Soviet transport plane a Lockheed C-130 Hercules (or L-100 civilian model in military markings) was featured in the 1987 James Bond film The Living Daylights, although a C-123K Provider was swapped out in some tail ramp fight scene close-ups.
In the 1990 action film Die Hard 2, John McClane ejects from the cockpit of a grounded C-130 for a parachute recovery just before terrorists destroy it. A full-scale fuselage mock-up, molded from a real Hercules, was rigged with 3,000 bullet hits, each one drilled and loaded with a charge, tapped, and wired to discharge in sequence. Actual pyrotechnics work was done at Indian Dunes, California, with actor Bruce Willis' ejection composited into the shot later.
The special operations variant, the Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon, was featured as the rescue aircraft in the film Air Force One, performing a daring mid-air rescue of the President and his family as Air Force One is failing and going into the water.
In the 2007 film Transformers a variant of the C-130, the AC-130 gunship, is used to drive off the Decepticons after the military base in Qatar is attacked, by executing a pylon turn to deliver ground fire.
In the 2013 film Olympus Has Fallen, a C-130 armed with multi-barrel guns attacks Washington, D.C. and shoots down two fighters sent to destroy it. The C-130 is shot down and hits the Washington Monument as it crashes, causing it to collapse.
A restored Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation Wirraway, an Australian production variant of the North American NA-16 Harvard, appeared in the beach landing scenes in the 1998 war film The Thin Red Line directed by Terence Malick and based on the 1962 James Jones novel of the same name. In the movie, the aircraft is painted to depict a Douglas SBD Dauntless dive-bomber.
A Caudron 277 was used to play the role of both British and German two-seaters in the 1966 WW1 aerial epic The Blue Max directed by John Guillermin and based on the 1964 novel of the same name by Jack D Hunter.
CG-4 Haig / Hadrian
Crashed WACO CG-4A gliders of the 99th Troop Carrier Squadron were depicted by replicas in the film Saving Private Ryan. These were recreated using measurements taken from a surviving example at the Museum of Army Flying, Middle Wallop, Hampshire, England.
CH-34 Choctaw / Westland Wessex
Turbine-repowered Sikorsky S-58Ts portrayed CH-34 Choctaws in the 1990 film Air America about the exploits of the Central Intelligence Agency proprietary airline during the war in Southeast Asia.
CH-46 Sea Knight / Boeing-Vertol 107
In the 1967 James Bond film You Only Live Twice a Kawasaki-built KV-107 has an electromagnet slung loaded underneath, and uses it to airlift an antagonist's car off the road, thereby freeing up 007 from their pursuit.
A Kawasaki-built KV-107 portrays a Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight that airlifts a team of hijackers aboard the USS Missouri in the 1992 film Under Siege, and is depicted being blown up on the fantail of the battleship later in the film. Filming was done aboard the USS Alabama museum ship.
Concorde was a central feature in the disaster film The Concorde ... Airport '79. A French Concorde was leased from the manufacturers for filming. The aircraft used was the aircraft which crashed in 2000.
Dassault Mirage 2000
The Dassault Mirage 2000-5 featured prominently in the 2005 French film Les Chevaliers du Ciel (The Knights of the Sky in literal translation, released as Sky Fighters in English-speaking territories).
A Greek TV Series, Aerines siopes (Αέρινες σιωπές), is based on the private life of several men and women of the Greek Air Force, especially of the 332 Mira which uses Dassault Mirage 2000EG. Some action occured during professional activities so, by short scenes (mostly of 2 or 3 minutes each), throughout the 98 episodes, most of the greek fleet of Mirage 2000 EG or BG is visible.
de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver
The de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver was central to the film Six Days Seven Nights. The actual flying in the film was done by its star, Harrison Ford, who enjoyed flying the Beaver so much that he bought one after filming was completed. Three flying Beavers and four non-flyable were used in the production, all detailed to exactly match one another.
The 1982 film Mother Lode made use of a Canadian-registered former United States Army DHC-2 Beaver on floats as the neglected mount of character Jean Dupré (Nick Mancuso), who embarks on a search for a missing friend in northern British Columbia. During the filming the aircraft actually crashed while landing on a lake and sank. This accident was not in the original script, but the footage was retained and incorporated into the film's plot. The aircraft was recovered from the lake, repaired, restored and exported to the US.
de Havilland Comet
de Havilland DH.4
de Havilland DH.88 Comet
de Havilland DH.89 Dragon Rapide
A vintage de Havilland DH-89A Dragon Rapide 6 featured in the episode 'Out of Time' in Season 1 of the BBC sci-fi series Torchwood (2006). The episode's storyline features a DH-89, carrying three occupants, landing at Cardiff airport in the present day, having mysteriously transported in time from 1953.
de Havilland Fox Moth
The novel Round the Bend by Nevil Shute is the story of two men, both British Licenced Aircraft Engineers. A large number of different aircraft types, both fictitious and real, feature in the book. The narrator and one of the protagonists of the story is Tom Cutter, and the novel details his efforts to establish an air charter business in Bahrain immediately after World War II. His first aircraft is a de Havilland Fox Moth; it is later joined by several other aircraft as the business expands, mostly fictitious, but among them a Percival Proctor.
de Havilland Hornet Moth
The novel Hornet Flight by Ken Follett is a thriller of the Resistance against the Nazi occupation of Denmark in World War II. In the novel a de Havilland Hornet Moth is used by the protagonists to fly from Denmark to the United Kingdom with information about a German radar system. The author drew inspiration from an actual flight that took place during World War II.
de Havilland Mosquito
De Havilland Mosquitos feature prominently in the 1964 film 633 Squadron alongside actors Cliff Robertson and Harry Andrews. The film was notable for its use of genuine, airworthy aircraft, rather than models, for many of the scenes.
Mosquitos are featured prominently in The Adventures of Tintin comic book album The Red Sea Sharks. They drive the plot in various ways, first as war-surplus equipment offered for sale by an arms dealer early in the story, and later in combat.
Scott Summers and his younger brother Alex Summers, members of Marvel Comics' X-Men, are orphaned as children after parachuting out of their father's Mosquito when it is set ablaze by an alien attack.
de Havilland Vampire
The de Havilland Vampire was central to the plot of the novella, The Shepherd by British novelist Frederick Forsyth, the story of an RAF pilot attempting to fly home for Christmas from RAF Celle, Germany, to RAF Lakenheath on Christmas Eve 1957. The fact that the DH.100 was not fitted with ejection seats until about 10 years later, and hence was a major challenge to bail out of, is an important element of the story.
A French Air Force Vampire appears in the 1954 French-language comic La grande menace by Jacques Martin, the first featuring investigative journalist Guy Lefranc; it was destroyed while engaging an unidentified helicopter.
- See also C-47 Skytrain / Dakota for military versions of the DC-3
The chief character of the book High Citadel by Desmond Bagley is an alcoholic former Korean War fighter pilot who flies a Douglas DC-3 for a small airline in a fictional Andean country in South America. He is forced at gunpoint by his co-pilot—a Communist agent—to crash-land the DC-3 at a remote abandoned mine in the Andes so that Communists planning a coup can capture and kill a politician travelling as a passenger.
A DC-3 starred in the 1982 British television series Airline. The aircraft used to depict the DC-3 of the fictional Ruskin Air Services was also used in the television series Tenko and Band of Brothers.
A former USAF Douglas C-54 Skymaster operated by Transocean Airlines portrayed the Douglas DC-4 in the 1954 film The High and the Mighty based on the Ernest K. Gann novel of the same name. Ironically, this airframe was lost over the Pacific on 28 March 1964 with an engine fire just as depicted in the film. There were no survivors of the nine "souls on board" and the wreckage was never found.
In the 1990 action film Die Hard 2, a Douglas DC-8 is given false landing instructions by terrorists and crash lands in a blizzard, resulting in fatalities to all on board. Industrial Light and Magic used a 23-foot long model to shoot the effects of the crash and explosion. Filming was done at a remote airstrip in the Mojave Desert of California. "However, shots of the passengers' frightened reactions to the initial impact, which had been shot on a set and originally cut into the movie, were so terrifying (made all the more authentic by preproduction research of Federal Aviation Administration test crashes and data from real plane crashes) that they were ultimately cut before the film's release." ILM constructed five DC-8 models for the production.
The film Bat*21 featured an EB-66 variant of the Douglas B-66 Destroyer being shot down over North Vietnam in the beginning of the film. The rest of the film depicted the real life events surrounding the rescue of LTC Iceal Hambleton, who was the only survivor of the 6 man crew.
A Eurocopter EC 665 Tiger attack helicopter had a starring role in the 1995 James Bond film GoldenEye. On the 2002 Special Edition DVD, the director's commentary notes the aircraft's appearances in the film's Monte Carlo scenes were of a prototype Tiger provided by the French Navy along with its test platform, the FS La Fayette. Its other appearances throughout the rest of the film were special effects models.
Protagonist Lt. Harry Brubaker flew a McDonnell F2H Banshee in the 1953 James A. Michener novel The Bridges at Toko-Ri. In the subsequent 1954 film adaptation, his aircraft was changed to a Grumman F9F Panther.
F-4 Phantom II
In the book World War Z: An Oral History of the Zombie War by Max Brooks, an Iranian Air Force Major recalls using an F-4 Phantom II to destroy a bridge in Pakistan, leading to a full nuclear exchange between Iran and Pakistan.
The Chance Vought F4U Corsair was a regularly featured aircraft of VMF-214 in the television series Baa Baa Black Sheep (later renamed Black Sheep Squadron). Much of the filming was done at Indian Dunes, California.
F-5 Freedom Fighter/Tiger II
Grumman F6F Hellcats appeared in the 1951 motion-picture Flying Leathernecks directed by Nicholas Ray and starring John Wayne. One of the pilots who flew aircraft for the aerial scenes in the production was Marine Captain Phil De Groot who, after completing work on the film, flew in the Korean War and was wounded in action. The production was filmed at a small airstrip at Camp Pendleton. De Groot said, They put some sand all over the strip, and some palm trees, and built a little pagoda there, simulating Guadalcanal...
The Grumman F9F-2 Panther was prominently featured in the 1954 films Men of the Fighting Lady and The Bridges at Toko-Ri, although the protagonist instead flew a McDonnell F2H Banshee in the 1953 novel of the same name upon which the latter film was based. Footage of the famous non-fatal F9F-5 Panther ramp strike accident that occurred 23 June 1951 as Commander George Chamberlain Duncan attempted a landing aboard USS Midway in BuNo 125228, during carrier suitability tests in the Atlantic Ocean in which the forward fuselage broke away and rolled down the deck, pilot suffering burns, has been used in several films including Men of the Fighting Lady, Midway, and The Hunt For Red October.
A heat-seeking missile launched by a Grumman F11F Tiger that accidentally strikes the port area of Latakia, Syria, setting off secondary explosions, gives the Soviet Union the casus belli for preemptive nuclear strikes against the United States in "Alas, Babylon", the post-apocalyptic 1959 novel by Pat Frank.
The Grumman F-14 Tomcat was central to the film Top Gun. The aviation-themed film was such a success in creating interest in naval aviation that the U.S. Navy, which assisted with the film, set up recruitment desks outside some theaters. Producers paid the U.S. Navy $886,000 as reimbursement for flight time of aircraft in the film. An hour of flight time for the F-14 was billed at $7,600.
Two F-14As of VF-84 from the USS Nimitz appeared in the 1980 film The Final Countdown, with four from the squadron in the 1996 release Executive Decision, the Jolly Rogers' final film appearance before being disestablished. The television series JAG, which debuted in 1995, featured a Tomcat pilot-turned-lawyer, and the Tomcat was a central part of the Stephen Coonts novel "Final Flight".
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is one of the most recognized modern fighters; this has led to, or perhaps even been aided by, its common use in children's toys. The Transformers toy line and media have featured numerous characters who turn into F-15 Eagles, the most notable being the villain Starscream in 1984 and a group of similar Decepticons, the Seekers Acid Storm, Thundercracker, Skywarp and Sunstorm. Although completely unrelated design to the others, the Autobot Air Raid also disguises himself as an F-15.
The F-15 is featured in the film Air Force One. The Eagle was also shown in advertisements for the film Thirteen Days. The ads were withdrawn when it came to the attention of New Line Cinema that the F-15, which first flew in 1972, was out of place for a movie set in 1962. This was problematic for New Line, who had termed the film a "by-the-numbers recreation" and "close to perfect." "Every ship, plane, truck and craft that moves in the film is absolutely authentic to the time period", said Steve Elzer, a spokesman for New Line. Mr. Elzer said the advertisement was created by an outside agency.
Air battles between F-15s were depicted in the novel "Debt of Honor". The battles were not only significant to the plot, but unusual in that both sides were operating the same aircraft against each other.
F-16 Fighting Falcon
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon was featured in the film The Sum of All Fears. The Falcon was also one of the stars of the film Iron Eagle. The U.S. Air Force refused to assist with production of the film because it found the plot about a teenager flying an F-16 into a foreign country to be "a little off the wall".
The F/A-18 Hornet appears in the 1994 film Clear and Present Danger which was directed by Phillip Noyce. The jet drops a laser-guided bomb on a car at a drug lord's villa, being laser designated by a special forces team. The film was based on the book of the same name by Tom Clancy.
The F/A-18F Super Hornet, a two-seat variant, was featured in the 2001 film Behind Enemy Lines, directed by John Moore, and starring Owen Wilson and Gene Hackman. The movie centers around a Super Hornet being shot down over Bosnia.
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor has been featured in numerous books, such as Tom Clancy's Debt of Honor, in which a lengthy mission by F-22s dominates the last part of the book, and Clive Cussler's Dark Watch. In Cussler's book, an F-22 embarks on a secret mission to take out a Syrian foe. In Debt of Honor, the F-22 (named the Rapier) represented the newest in stealth technology being used by the United States against Japan's advanced Boeing E-767 AWACS aircraft.
The Raptor has appeared in films as well. After appearing briefly in the 2003 Hulk film, the F-22 made its major Hollywood debut in the 2007 film Transformers and its sequel as the form taken by the Decepticon character Starscream in addition to numerous USAF fighters that engaged during the initial and climactic battles. The film crew was allowed to film actual Raptors in flight, unlike previous computer-generated appearances, because of the military's support of director Michael Bay. The Raptors were filmed at Edwards Air Force Base. The real Raptor made its next big screen appearance in Iron Man, in which a Raptor dubbed "Whiplash 1" lost its left wing during a crash with the Iron Man armor.
Toys released for Starscream were replica F-22 Raptor models. These models were reused for other characters in the line, like Thundercracker, Skywarp and Ramjet, that also turned into F-22 Raptors.
Although the live-action 2007 Transformers film made Starscream the best-known Transformer that turns into an F-22, there were other F-22 Transformers before it. For instance the 1997 Machine Wars versions of Megatron and Megaplex transformed into F-22s.
In the 2013 film Olympus Has Fallen, computer animation was used to depict F-22 Raptors intercepting an armed C-130 Hercules attacking Washington, D.C.; two F-22s are shot down before a third hits the C-130 with a missile, causing it to crash.
F-35 Lightning II
The first major film appearance of a representation of a Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II was 2006's Superman Returns. During this film, a pair of F-35A fighter jets escorted the modified Boeing 777 mothership for an experimental NASA spaceplane. This visualization was a combination of an actual cockpit and CGI for the aircraft in flight.
The next major film appearance of an F-35 was in Live Free or Die Hard (released as Die Hard 4 outside North America) in 2007. The film used a combination of a full-scale model and CGI to significantly dramatize its hovering ability using the lift fan.
The Transformers character of the Autobot Breakaway and its redeco the Decepticon Thrust from the Revenge of the Fallen toy both disguise themselves as F-35s. Breakaway appears as a playable character in the 2009 Revenge of the Fallen video game.
F-35s are depicted in the 2012 film The Avengers. The film was originally intended to include real F-35s, but the United States Department of Defense objected to the depiction of F-22s and F-35s as under the control of S.H.I.E.L.D., a covert, "extra-governmental" organization whose loyalties are unclear, so CGI aircraft were substituted instead.
Desmond Bagley's book High Citadel features F-86 Sabres, which make up the frontline equipment of the air force of the fictional South American country in which the book is set. There are four squadrons of Sabres; two are loyal to the current corrupt government; one is secretly loyal to a reformist politician who is returning from exile to take over the country; and the fourth is secretly loyal to Communist forces who are attempting to kill the politician. The latter part of the novel features a dogfight between a Sabre flown by one of the main characters—a CIA agent and former Sabre pilot who fought in the Korean War—and aircraft of the Communist squadron.
A Sabre plays an important role in the 1999 film comedy Blast from the Past which starred Brendan Fraser and Christopher Walken. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, a Sabre pilot is forced to eject over a residential area in the US and the plane just happens to crash onto the house of an eccentric father who is sheltering with his family in a large underground bomb shelter he has constructed. Believing the crash to be the impact of a nuclear bomb, the family remain underground for 35 years.
A pair of McDonnell F-101B Voodoos fly over the Russian submarine Спрут at the end of the 1966 comedy The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming, directed by Norman Jewison. Although the film is set in New England, it was filmed on the West Coast and the fighters were from the 84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, based at the now-closed Hamilton Air Force Base, California.
Gen. Charles "Chuck" Yeager's 10 December 1963 flying accident during a test flight in a modified rocket-boosted Lockheed NF-104A Starfighter was featured in The Right Stuff motion picture, although the aircraft used for filming was a standard German Luftwaffe F-104G, flying with its wingtip fuel tanks removed, but otherwise lacking any of the NF-104A's modifications, most visibly the rocket engine pod at the base of the vertical stabilizer.
In the third season episode "War Crimes" of the television series The West Wing, White House Chief of Staff Leo McGarry's Vietnam War mission over Southeast Asia as a Republic F-105 Thunderchief pilot of the 355th Tactical Fighter Wing, in which he is shot down and evades capture, is depicted.
Fairchild Hiller FH-227
When Uruguayan Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya) Flight 571's Fairchild Hiller FH-227D, T-571, c/n 572, crashed in the Argentine Andes on 13 October 1972, it begat a tale of amazing human survival for the 16 of the 45 on board who were rescued over two months later, after two passengers walked to civilization. The survivors' story was published in Alive: The Story of the Andes Survivors, a critically acclaimed book by Piers Paul Read, in 1974. When the story was filmed in 1992 as Alive, directed by Frank Marshall, a similar FH-227 was marked as the doomed aircraft for some shots while Industrial Light and Magic depicted the crash using an eight-foot breakaway model, designed to shear at mid-fuselage. The nose and tail were heavily reinforced while a nonreinforced midsection was built up of plastic, foil, wires and metals so that when it broke it would have the layered metal look of a real airframe breaking up. A cable system was rigged to fly the model, which was on an aligned track, into the miniature mountain, hitting the "sweet spot" on the fuselage, a weakened area barely three inches long.
Focke-Wulf Fw 190
A new-build Fw 190 A-8/N participated in the Finnish war film Tali-Ihantala 1944, painted in the same markings as Oberst Erich Rudorffer's aircraft in 1944. The film was released in December 2007.
Fw-190s feature in the French graphic novel The Grand Duke (2012) written by Yann, illustrated by Romain Hugault and depicting aerial combat between the Soviet airforce and the German Luftwaffe over the Eastern Front in the latter stages of the Second World War.
A Focke Wulf Fw Triebflügel aircraft was featured in the 2011 American superhero film Captain America: The First Avenger, with the supervillain Red Skull making his first escape in this rocket-aircraft. The scene accurately depicts the rocket and ramjet start and initial climb out of the Triebflügel. Historically, the Triebflügel had only reached wind-tunnel testing when the Allied forces reached the production facilities, and no complete prototype was ever built. CGI vehicles designed for the film were based on real historical aircraft such as the Triebflügel.
A scarlet-painted Fokker Dr.1 Triplane featured in the DC comic Enemy Ace and was the mount of the central character Baron Hans von Hammer, a German fighter pilot in the First World War. Debuting in 1965, the comic was written by Robert Kanigher and drawn by Joe Kubert and the character has been revived several times since by other writers & artists.
A pair of Dr.1s featured in the 1966 motion-picture epic The Blue Max, directed by John Guillermin and based on the 1964 novel of the same name by Jack D Hunter. In the film, rival pilots Stachel (George Peppard) and von Klugermann (Jeremy Kemp) try to out-do one another in a test of nerves by flying their triplanes under a bridge. The scene was filmed at Formoy Viaduct in Ireland and stunt pilot Derek Piggott was obliged to fly a Dr.1 under the bridge, through either the wide or narrow spans, a total of 32 times. 
The General Aircraft Factories (GAF) Nomad, an Australian-built twin-engine STOL (Short Take-Off and Landing) aircraft, was a regular feature on the successful Australian TV series The Flying Doctors which aired on the Nine Network 1986-1993. The GAF Nomad had a controversial history with a high accident rate. Of the 172 that were constructed, 32 were involved in major hull-loss accidents, resulting in 76 fatalities including GAF test pilot Stuart Pearce (father of actor Guy Pearce).
Gee Bee Racer
Gloster Gladiators feature in the WW2 novel Signed with their Honour, written in 1942 by Australian author and war correspondent James Aldridge. The novel is set during the Axis invasion of Greece in 1940-41 and the central character is a British pilot named John Quayle who flies Gladiators with No. 80 Squadron RAF. An attempt in 1943 to make a film based on the novel was abandoned when two Gladiators were destroyed in a mid-air collision during the production.
A privately owned ex-RAF Gloster NF Mk. 11 Meteor, WD592, then Royal Navy TT20, registered N94749, appeared in the two-part 1976 episode, "The Feminine Mystique", of the first season of the Wonder Woman television series, as the experimental "XPJ-1" fighter which is stolen by the Nazis. This airframe has been donated to the Edwards AFB Flight Test Center museum. The episode title was borrowed from Betty Friedan's 1963 book of the same title, which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.
The 1977 John Frankenheimer film Black Sunday features the Goodyear Blimp as the vehicle which Black September terrorists plan to hijack and attack the Super Bowl, played in the Orange Bowl in Miami.
A Gotha G.IV appears in the 2006 WW1 aerial film Flyboys directed by Tony Bill and starring James Franco. To depict the bomber, the producers used both computer-generated imagery and a replica of the forward fuselage of a Gotha, now displayed in a museum at RAF Manston.
Grumman G-21 Goose
A Grumman G-21 Goose, painted red, white and black, named "Cutter's Goose", was the main transport of protagonist Jake Cutter (played by Stephen Collins) in the early 1982–83 adventure television series, Tales of the Gold Monkey, and used to transport Cutter and his allies amongst various south Pacific islands in the late 1930s setting of the show.
Grumman HU-16 Albatross
The 1964 film Flight from Ashiya, starring Richard Widmark, Yul Brynner and George Chakiris, follows the crews of two Grumman HU-16 Albatross of the USAF Air Rescue Service as they attempt to rescue the survivors of a Japanese shipwreck in the North China Sea.
Grumman TBF / General Motors TBM Avenger
A group of Avengers appears in the opening scene of Steven Spielberg's 1977 sci-fi film Close Encounters of the Third Kind. In the scene, a group of officials arrive at an isolated cantina in Mexico's Sonora Desert where the five Avengers of 'Flight-19' have mysteriously appeared overnight. Flight 19 was the infamous training flight of five TBMs that vanished without trace after taking off from Fort Lauderdale, Florida on 5 December 1945. One of the TBMs that featured in the scene was the TBM-3E (BuNo 53503) now currently owned and flown by the Rocky Mountain Wing of the Commemorative Air-Force (CAF). In the scene, at least one of the other aircraft is actually a Grumman F6F Hellcat.
The Harrier family's unique VTOL characteristics have led to them being featured in a number of films and flight simulator programs. Two AV-8B Harrier IIs were used in the film True Lies. The aircraft was prominent in the latter part of the film, being used by Arnold Schwarzenegger's character to rescue his daughter from terrorists in a Miami high rise and shoot down their helicopter.
The Gobots character Royal-T and the Transformers Autobot named Slingshot disguise themselves as a Harrier. In the Revenge of the Fallen Decepticon character Dirge also became a Harrier. This design was later used for the Decepticon Jetblade.
Harriers were one of the aircraft featured in the short-lived 1982 BBC-TV series Squadron which was a drama about a fictional Royal Air Force unit, 373 Squadron. The unit was a Rapid Deployment Force and featured an unusual mix of aircraft including Harriers, C-130 Hercules and Puma helicopters. The series ran for 10 episodes.
An episode of the series "The Saint" (series 5, episode 13), entitled "Flight Plan", extensively featured Hawker-Siddeley P.1127 Kestrel XP984 in ground and flying scenes. The plot involved the kidnap, by "sinister agents", of the sister of an ex-RAF pilot, aiming to force him into stealing a "top-secret jet". The series starred Roger Moore and this episode was first shown in 1966. (Information based on IMDB and Digiguide accessed 4dec13) 
Handley Page Victor
The 1963 British film The Iron Maiden features a Handley Page Victor bomber as a fictional supersonic passenger-carrying airliner designed by the protagonist. At the end of the film, this fictional airliner is named after the eponymous traction engine.
A number of Hawker Hurricanes, including the last one built, registered G-AMAU, "The Last of the Many", and five provided by the Portuguese Air Force, which flew the type until mid-1954, were utilized in the making of the Templar Productions Ltd. production provisionally titled "Hawks in the Sun", based on the book "What Are Your Angels Now?" by Wing Commander A.J.C. Pelham Groom, but released in March 1952 as Angels One Five.
Hurricanes were featured in the 1956 British film Reach For the Sky starring Kenneth More and directed by Lewis Gilbert and based on the biography of Douglas Bader by Paul Brickhill. One Hurricane which featured in a static role in the film was the Mk. I, P2617, now preserved at the Royal Air-Force Museum, Hendon. Another, which flew in the aerial scenes, was the Mk-IIc, LF363, now operated by the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight based at Conningsby, UK.
A Hawker Hurricane was the fighter flown by the WW2 character Johnny Redburn in the long-running British comic strip Johnny Red which was published in Battle Picture Weekly 1977-1987. The storyline featured Redburn, having been discharged from the RAF, stealing a Hurricane and ending up stranded in Soviet Russia at the height of the war against the Germans in which he fights alongside Russian pilots. The comic was written by Tom Tully and illustrated by Joe Colquhoun, John Cooper and Carlos Pino.
Hiller UH-12 / OH-23 Raven
A Hiller UH-12E suffered a tail-rotor strike during filming of the 1978 film Attack of the Killer Tomatoes. Footage of the crash was used in the film. The helicopter pilot and actors on board escaped without serious injury, but the helicopter was destroyed.
A Hiller 360 (UH-12) appears in the 1951 sci-fi movie When Worlds Collide directed by George Pal and based on the 1933 novel of the same name. The helicopter is used to render assistance to flood-stranded refugees and to rescue a young boy stranded on a rooftop.
The Zeppelin LZ 129 Hindenburg was the subject of the 1975 film The Hindenburg, which speculated sabotage as the cause of the 1937 disaster at Naval Air Station Lakehurst, New Jersey. The studio model of the airship is now displayed in the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.
Twenty-eight former Spanish Air Force Hispano Aviación HA-1112s were used in the film Battle of Britain as "stand-ins" to depict Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters of the Luftwaffe. Eighteen were flown, six could taxi, the rest used to dress sets. In the mid-1960s at the time aircraft began to be collected for the film to be made, the only genuine Bf 109s known to exist were unairworthy examples in museums such as the Imperial War Museum and the South African National Museum of Military History or in private hands; whereas the HA-1112 was just being retired from service with the Spanish Air Force and several airframes in flyable condition and some 50 dismantled Buchóns were up for disposal bid. The four airframes acquired by the Confederate Air Force just prior to the start of filming "were the first Buchóns in truly civilian ownership, early members of the fledgling warbird preservation movement."
Three of the Buchóns were "hastily converted into P-51B Mustangs for the film Patton. This involved the attachment of a large Mustang-esque fibreglass air intake to the underside of the fuselage."
Several Buchóns were painted in RAF markings for the 1969 Italian "macaroni combat" war film Eagles Over London, also known as Battle Squadron and Battle Command (Italian: La battaglia d'Inghilterra), directed by Enzo G. Castellari. "In 1979, much of the footage shot for 'Eagles Over London' appeared in the dire George Peppard film Hell to Victory".
Buchóns, again depicting Bf 109s, made an appearance on the 1980 ABC-network TV sci-fi series Galactica 1980, a short-lived spin-off from the Battlestar Galactica series. The heroes travel back in time in their space Vipers to Earth during the Second World War and encounter the Luftwaffe. The footage of Buchóns consisted of out-takes from the 1969 film Battle of Britain.
One Buchón, which had taxied in The Battle of Britain, flew in the 1988 LWT series Piece of Cake, and was one of three flyable HA-1112s used to depict Bf 109s in the 1990 film Memphis Belle. The Piece of Cake Buchón also appeared in the 1991 ITV television miniseries A Perfect Hero.
A former training airframe that did not appear in the Battle of Britain but which was restored to Bf 109G-10 standard in the early 1990s, and operated by the Old Flying Machine Company, appeared in the 1995 television film Over Here starring Martin Clunes.
Hughes 500 / OH-6 Cayuse / MH-6 Little Bird
A Hughes 500 takes part in the 1973 television film Birds Of Prey, in which a traffic reporter, played by David Janssen, gets into an aerial duel with a gang of bank robbers, who have their own getaway helicopter, an Aérospatiale Alouette III.
In the 1980s television series Magnum, P.I., Thomas Magnum's friend and fellow war veteran Theodore Calvin (known as T.C.) flies a civilian Hughes 500D as a tourist charter Island Hoppers business.
Hughes H-4 Hercules
The production and sole test flight of the gargantuan Hughes H-4 Hercules, known as the "Spruce Goose", was depicted in the 2004 Martin Scorsese film The Aviator. A flying large-scale model was used for the film, and it is now displayed next to the original aircraft at the Evergreen Aviation Museum in McMinnville, Oregon.
The aircraft was also central to the plot of the Hanna-Barbera animated film Yogi Bear and the Magical Flight of the Spruce Goose.
In the 1991 adventure film The Rocketeer, hero Cliff Secord uses a large-scale model of the Hercules to escape some eager federal agents and Howard Hughes himself. After Secord glides the model to safety, Hughes expresses relief that the craft might actually fly.
In the videogame L.A. Noire (2011) the player is able to enter the aircraft. Additionally, exterior and interior views of the H-4 Hercules aircraft are featured in the opening introduction of the DLC mission, "Nicholson Electroplating".
The 7 July 1946 maiden flight of the Hughes XF-11 reconnaissance design which ended in a crash in Beverly Hills, California, severely injuring pilot Howard Hughes was depicted in a 1977 made-for-television film, The Amazing Howard Hughes (with a P-38 Lightning standing in for the XF-11), and again in the 2004 Martin Scorsese film, The Aviator, with the aircraft depicted by a mock-up with flight rendered through CGI.
A Grumman J2F Duck was the primary plot device of the 1971 United Artists film Murphy's War, starring Peter O'Toole as the title character. Stunt flying was done by Frank Tallman. The J2F-6 which starred in the film, BuNo 33587, afterwards resided in the Weeks Air Museum in Florida, USA (now the Fantasy of Flight Museum).
Junkers Ju 52/3m
Two Ju 52s appeared in one of the early scenes in the 2008 WW2 film Valkyrie directed by Bryan Singer and starring Tom Cruise. One aircraft was painted in a Luftwaffe scheme, the other in an all-silver finish.
Kaman SH-2 Seasprite
The one-of-a-kind Lamson L-106 Alcor pressurized high-altitude research sailplane played a key role in the book Sierra Sierra, by John Joss. In the novel, Marine fighter pilot Mark Lewis saw his best friend, John O'Halloran, killed on the last day of the Vietnam War. When he travels to Seattle, Washington, to explain O'Halloran's death to his family he discovers that O'Halloran's father and sister are engaged in building a research glider, the Alcor, in which O'Halloran was to have set world records for altitude and distance, when he returned from Vietnam. Instead Lewis takes O'Halloran's place in the project, while trying to put his own life back together after the war, flying the Alcor in the mountain wave of the Sierra Nevada.
Lockheed Constellations of Trans World Airlines were depicted in the 2004 Martin Scorsese film The Aviator. The preserved Super Constellation, "Star of America", N6937C, of the Airline History Museum was filmed at San Bernardino International Airport, California, for this Howard Hughes biopic. A fleet of grounded Connies were rendered in CGI.
The Hainan Island incident was referenced in the television series JAG, in the episode Dog Robber during season 7. In this episode based on the real incident, a US Navy Lockheed EP-3 Orion collides in mid-air with a Chinese fighter. The EP-3 crew then make an emergency landing at the Fuzhou Airbase in China. The crew and aircraft are detained as in the real incident. A US delegation led by Admiral Thomas Boone flies to the Fuzhou Airbase and secures the release of the crew, but the aircraft remains in Chinese custody. Against orders a Navy Lieutenant flies into Chinese airspace and destroys the EP-3 before the Chinese have a chance to study it in detail. This leads to him being court-martialed.
Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior
A Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior appeared as the French airliner in the climactic final scene from the 1942 film Casablanca. (The aircraft carries the Air France seahorse logo, although Air France did not actually operate the type.) A "cut-out" stood in for a real airplane in many shots.
A vintage flying Lockheed Hudson IV appeared in the WW II film The Great Raid directed by John Dahl and based on the book by William Breuer. Filming took place in 2002 but the film was not released until 2005. The Hudson now resides in the Temora Aviation Museum in Australia.
Auric Goldfinger's private aircraft in the 1964 James Bond film Goldfinger is a Lockheed L-1329 Jetstar. Although the real aircraft had "Auric Enterprises" on the nose, the model used in some shots did not.
Lockheed L-1011 Tristar
Several Lockheed L-1011 Tristars were depicted in the 1990 action film Die Hard 2, with two large models constructed by Industrial Light and Magic "flown" on wires for the cameras through "storm clouds" made of non-toxic vaporized mineral oil. Filming was done at a remote airstrip in the Mojave Desert of California. Whipped by the Santa Anas coming through the Tehachapi Pass into the valley, the smoke effect contributed convincing heavy weather to the shots.
In the climax of the 1959 Alfred Hitchcock film North by Northwest the villain Vandamm (James Mason) attempts to escape with stolen microfilm by using a Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar hidden near Mount Rushmore.
Lockheed T-33 T-Bird
A Lockheed T-33, the trainer version of the Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star, appeared in the 1955 science-fiction film This Island Earth. In one of the early scenes of the movie, the hero scientist Cal (played by Rex Reason) is about to land his T-33 at the desert airfield near his government-owned laboratory when the aircraft becomes ensnared by some unknown alien force. The film achieved renewed fame when it was spoofed in the 1996 comedy Mystery Science Theater 3000: The Movie.
In 1976, Francis Gary Powers' 1970 autobiography, "Operation Overflight: A Memoir of the U-2 Incident", was turned into a television film, Francis Gary Powers: The True Story of the U-2 Spy Incident, with Lee Majors in the role of Powers.
The Lockheed U-2 made an important appearance in the 2000 Beacon Pictures docudrama Thirteen Days as the aircraft that initially detected Soviet missiles being deployed in Cuba in October 1962, and was later shot down, killing pilot Maj. Rudolf Anderson, Jr. (played by Chip Esten), the only combat casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis. While the movie carries the same name as the book Thirteen Days by former Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, it is in fact based on a different book, The Kennedy Tapes: Inside the White House During the Cuban Missile Crisis by Ernest May and Philip Zelikow.
Messerschmitt Bf 108
Two Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifuns depicted Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters in the 1962 film The Longest Day, and the type substituted for unavailable Luftwaffe fighters again in the 1964 film 633 Squadron.
Messerschmitt Bf 109
A computer-generated Messerschmitt Bf 109 also appears in the 2002 war film Hart's War which starred Colin Farrell and Bruce Willis and was based on the 1999 novel of the same name by John Katzenbach. In the film, a Bf 109 engages in a dogfight with a P-51 above the POW camp where the film is set and the former is shot down, crashing into one of the camp's guard-posts.
Messerschmitt Me 262
The American hard rock band Blue Öyster Cult portrayed a Messerschmitt Me 262A on the cover of their third album Secret Treaties (1974). The album also contains a song, "Me 262", written from the point of view of a Luftwaffe pilot on a bomber interception mission in April 1945.
As was common in the 1950s, MiGs (presumably −15s, as the story is set in Korea) are portrayed by Republic F-84F Thunderstreaks in the 1958 film The Hunters, about USAF fighter pilots and loosely based on the 1956 novel of the same name by James Salter.
MiGs feature in the 2007 novel Ascent by UK author Jed Mercurio, a fictional work about a Soviet pilot Yefgeni Yeremin covertly flying MiGs during the Korean War. The book was later adapted into a graphic novel in 2011, illustrated by Wesley Robins.
In the Bruce Willis action film A Good Day to Die Hard, a Mil Mi-26T, leased from the Belarus Ministry for Emergency Situations and painted in washable military camouflage, was used in various scenes. The production had a 14 February 2013 release date.
Moller M400 Skycar
The Morane-Saulnier MS.230 featured as the fictional 'new monoplane' in the 1966 World War I epic The Blue Max and was the aircraft in which the central character Bruno Stachel (George Peppard) meets his demise. Peppard purchased the aircraft and took it back to the US where it joined the collection of the San Diego Aerospace Museum. The plot, which has Stachel wringing-out a new design until it sheds its wings, is based on the experience with the late-war Fokker E.V., a parasol design, three of six of which crashed within a week of being delivered to Jasta 6 in August 1918. Grounded for investigation, the problem was traced to shoddy workmanship at the Mecklenburg factory where defective wood spars, water damage to glued parts, and pins carelessly splintering the members instead of securing them were discovered. Upon return to service two months later, the design was renamed the Fokker D.VIII in an effort to distance type's reputation as a killer. 
An authentic Nieuport 28 was provided and flown by Frank Tallman, a Hollywood film pilot, for The Twilight Zone episode "The Last Flight" in which a World War I Royal Flying Corps pilot is transported in time in a cloud to the 1960s. Norton Air Force Base, California, was the filming site. The episode first aired on 5 February 1960.
North American AT-6 Texan
North American BT-9 / BT-16
North American BT-9 and BT-16 basic trainers were filmed at Randolph Field, Texas, for the 1941 Paramount Pictures film I Wanted Wings, based on the novel of the same title by 1st Lt. Beirne Lay, Jr..
North American X-15
On 5 November 1959, a small engine fire forced pilot Scott Crossfield to make an emergency landing on Rosamond Dry Lake, Edwards Air Force Base, California, in a North American X-15. Not designed to land with fuel on board, the X-15 landed with a heavy load of propellants and broke its back, grounding it for three months. Footage of this accident was later incorporated in The Outer Limits episode "The Premonition", first aired 9 January 1965.
The rocket craft is also the subject of the 1961 Essex Productions movie X-15, a fictionalized account of the program, directed by Richard Donner in his first outing, and narrated by USAF Brigadier General (Reserve) James Stewart in an uncredited role.
Paramount Pictures' 1953 film, The War of the Worlds incorporates color footage of a YB-49 test flight, originally used in one of Paramount's Popular Science theatrical shorts; in the George Pal film the Flying Wing is used to drop an atomic bomb on the invading Martians.
O-1 Bird Dog
The 1990 film Air America, which loosely recounted the exploits of the Central Intelligence Agency proprietary airline in Southeast Asia in the 1960s and early 1970s, featured Cessna O-1 Bird Dogs.
U.S. Navy Curtiss O2C-2 Helldivers from Floyd Bennett Field were used in filming King Kong in 1933, but as Carl Denham observed, "Oh no, it wasn't the airplanes. It was beauty killed the beast." Writer and director Merian C. Cooper, who was shot down in World War I in an Airco DH.4 and made a prisoner of war by the Germans, and who later flew with the Kosciuszko Squadron, portrayed the pilot who kills Kong, while director Ernest B. Schoedsack plays his gunner, in uncredited roles. In the 2005 remake of the film, director Peter Jackson plays one of the gunners while the pilot is portrayed by Rick Baker, who played Kong (in a rubber suit) in the 1976 remake.
The 1965 film Von Ryan's Express begins with main protagonist, USAAF Colonel Joseph Ryan (Frank Sinatra), crash landing a P-38 Lightning in World War II Italy and being held as a prisoner of war.
In the pilot episode of the Filmways television comedy Green Acres, presented as a "mockumentary", hosted by John Charles Daly, about the life of actor Eddie Albert's character, Oliver Wendell Douglas, his wartime experience as a P-38 Lightning pilot in the U.S. Army Air Force is depicted, with color footage of the 5,000th P-38 built, P-38J-20-LO, 44-23296, painted a bright vermilion and named "YIPPEE", used to supply flight footage (7:01 - 7:55 in the episode). The program first aired 15 September 1965.
In the 1942 John Wayne film: Flying Tigers, real Curtiss P-40 Warhawks are featured. A New York Times critic called the P-40s "the true stars" of the film. Republic Studios also built replicas for the film due to material shortages during the war. These can be identified by the fairings hiding the cylinder heads of the automotive V-8 engines installed in them.
Future U.S. President Ronald Reagan appears in the Recognition of the Japanese Zero Fighter (training film, 1942) as a young pilot learning to recognize the difference between a P-40 and a Japanese Zero. In this film Reagan mistakes a friend's P-40 for a Japanese Zero and tries to shoot it down. In the end, Reagan gets a chance to shoot down a real Zero.
In the 1945 film God is My Co-Pilot, based on Robert Lee Scott, Jr's book about the Flying Tigers and the USAAF pilots who replaced them in the Republic of China and Burma, a mix of real P-40 and "film" P-40s are featured.
A P-40E appeared in the 1967 World War II-film Tobruk directed by Arthur Hiller and starring Rock Hudson and George Peppard. The P-40, a Mk 1a Kittyhawk s/n 18796, had formerly served in the RCAF, and later was used in the filming of Tora! Tora! Tora!. The aircraft is now owned by the War Eagles Air Museum in Mexico.
In the 1969 Twentieth Century Fox film Tora! Tora! Tora!, P-40s are depicted at the attack on Pearl Harbor, both being shot up on the ground and shooting down Zeros. Static and taxiing Warhawks which were destroyed in the attack sequences were fibreglass shells on steel frames, moulded from one of the flyable P-40Es. Although P-40Bs were the model actually at Hickam Field in 1941, only E-models were available for the film and the decision was made to use the later version for the mock-up airframes as well.
A P-40 featured in the 1973 made-for-TV film Death Race (also known as State of Division) which starred Lloyd Bridges and Doug McClure. The film featured a damaged Allied fighter, unable to take off but still able to taxi, being pursued across North Africa by a German tank. (Not to be confused with the 1975 sci-fi film Death Race 2000.)
In the 2012 George Lucas film about the 332d Fighter Group, Red Tails, the story opens with the Tuskegee Airmen forced to fly obsolescent P-40 Warhawks and given missions far from the hot war zones.
P-51s feature repeatedly in the 1987 coming-of-age war film Empire of the Sun, dubbed the "cadillac of the skies" by the protagonist, as a symbol of America in the Chinese theatre of World War II. The film, directed by Steven Spielberg, was based on J. G. Ballard's semi-autobiographical novel of the same name. Three airframes were used: Commonwealth-built CA-18 Mk. 22, A68-192, registered to the Old Flying Machine Company as G-HAEC; The Fighter Collection's P-51D-20-NA, 44-63788, G-PSID; and The Fighter Collection's P-51D-25-NA, 44-73149, N51JJ, later G-BTCD. Pilots were Ray Hanna, who acted as overall Mustang consultant, Mark Hanna, and Hoof Proudfoot. Filming was done in Spain, with Mustang flight operations conducted out of Jerez Airport, although some ex-Spanish Air Force T-6 Texans, modified to resemble Zeros, flew from the film set air field, whose dirt and crushed rock runway was considered too risky for the fighters. All three Mustangs wore markings of the 118th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 23d Fighter Group, 14th Air Force, which operated in the Pacific theatre. John Williams' score also contains "Cadillac of the Skies" as an individual musical cue.
Two P-51Ds appear briefly at the end of Steven Spielberg's 1998 film Saving Private Ryan as "tank-busters" (although P-47 Thunderbolts would have been the more likely type in this role). "Big Beautiful Doll" of the Old Flying Machine Company, Cambridge, England, and "Old Crow" of the Scandinavian Historic Flight were used.
P-80 Shooting Star
The title monster of the 1955 science fiction film classic Tarantula, directed by Jack Arnold, is destroyed by an air attack led by Lockheed P-80B Shooting Stars, the flight commander of which is played by an uncredited Clint Eastwood, in his first screen appearance.
The Royal Air Force's ground attack aircraft, the Panavia Tornado, featured extensively in the television pilot Strike Force, produced in the 1990s for ITV in the UK. Strike Force did not enter series production.
In the 2002 submarine film Below, the USS Tiger Shark is directed to pick up three survivors of a torpedoed hospital ship by a Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina, marked as AH545, 'WQ-Z' of 209 Squadron. The PBY-5A was marked as the Catalina that had a decisive role in the sinking of the Bismarck.
U.S. Navy PB4Y-2M Privateers of VP-23, based at Naval Air Station Miami, Florida, were filmed at the close of the 1948 hurricane season and the footage used in the 1949 20th Century-Fox film "Slattery's Hurricane".
The most prominent of the real aircraft in Nevil Shute's Round the Bend is a war-surplus Percival Proctor, which is used by the protagonist Constantine Shak Lin (also known as Connie Shaklin) to tour Asia to spread his teachings. At the end of the book the Proctor is the basis of a shrine to Shaklin and his new creed, laid up in a hangar in a state of uncompleted maintenance for pilgrims to view.
In 1951 Captain W.E. Johns had Biggles and his team fly two Percival Proctors in the story "Another Job for Biggles".
A pair of flying replica Pfalz D.IIIs were constructed to appear in the 1966 epic WW1 film The Blue Max, based on the novel of the same name by Jack D Hunter. The aircraft subsequently appeared in Darling Lili (1970) and Von Richthofen & Brown (1971).
The STOL-capable Pilatus Porter was depicted in the 1990 film Air America, loosely recounting the exploits of the Central Intelligence Agency proprietary airline in Southeast Asia in the 1960s and early 1970s.
The character Pussy Galore in the 1964 James Bond film Goldfinger is the leader of "Pussy Galore's Flying Circus", a group of women who fly Piper Cherokees, trained acrobats turned cat burglars, in the novel of the same name by Ian Fleming. In the film the arch-villain uses the Cherokees in his plan to deprive the United States government of the gold in Fort Knox.
In the 1934 screwball comedy It Happened One Night, the foppish bridegroom King Westley arrives at his own wedding "piloting" a Pitcairn Aircraft Company autogyro (although the real pilot can be seen crouching in the cockpit after Westley deplanes).
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2
A replica Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c was used in the production of the BBC-TV Great War drama series Wings which aired in 1977-1978. The replica was originally commissioned in 1969 by Universal Studios for a proposed big-budget film Biggles Sweeps the Skies but the project was cancelled after the aircraft was built. The replica was constructed by engineer & pilot Charles Boddington who was later killed during the making of the 1971 film Von Richthofen & Brown. His son Matthew recently rebuilt the aircraft (after it was badly damaged in an accidental crash in the US) and it flew again at Sywell aerodrome, UK, in 2011.
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5
SB2C Helldiver / A-25 Shrike
The loss of a US Navy SB2C Helldiver during launch during the 1943 shakedown cruise of the USS Yorktown was incorporated by 20th Century Fox into the 1944 film Wing and a Prayer: The Story of Carrier X.
Two USAAF Curtiss RA-25A Shrikes collided during a flypast for an air show near Spokane, Washington, on 23 July 1944, the accident filmed by a Paramount Pictures newsreel crew. This footage was used in the 1956 film Earth vs. the Flying Saucers, apparently being shot down by a saucer.
A Short Sunderland flying boat patrol bomber was the setting for much of the novel "The Flying Porcupine" by Richard Haligon. The novel takes its title from a nickname reputedly given to the Sunderland by German pilots thanks to its defensive armament of as many as 16 machine guns. 
Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King
CIA officer Jack Ryan (played by Alec Baldwin) is flown from an aircraft carrier to the submarine USS Dallas in a Sikorsky SH-3H Sea King in the 1990 film Hunt for Red October, based on the Tom Clancy novel of the same title.
At the end of the successful rescue mission for Apollo 13, two SH-3 Sea Kings, historically painted as Helos 66 and 406, retrieve the astronauts from their spacecraft after splashdown in the 1995 Ron Howard film.
Sikorsky H-5 / R-5 / HO2S / HO3S / S-51
The 1954 film The Bridges at Toko-Ri, based on the 1953 James A. Michener novella of the same title, opens and closes with scenes of a U.S. Navy Sikorsky HO3S-1 of utility helicopter squadron HU-1 operating from an Essex class aircraft carrier in pilot rescue and recovery during the Korean War.
Sikorsky H-19 / Westland Whirlwind
The 1955 Warner Bros. film The McConnell Story, about Capt. Joseph C. McConnell, Jr., the top American ace of the Korean War, includes footage of a Sikorsky H-19 rescuing a downed B-29 crew in that conflict, while under heavy fire. A Chickasaw was furnished by the 48th Air Rescue Squadron, Eglin AFB, Florida, for seven days of filming at Alexandria AFB, Louisiana, in February 1955.
Sikorsky S-51 / Westland Dragonfly
A Westland Dragonfly, the UK-built version of the Sikorsky S-51, appears in the 1971 British film When Eight Bells Toll, starring Anthony Hopkins, directed by Étienne Périer and based on the Alistair Maclean novel of the same name. Aerial scenes were filmed over the Scottish islands of Staffa and Mull.
Sikorsky H-53 series
The Sikorsky MH-53 is also featured in the 2007 Transformers film as the alternate mode of Blackout. Production designer Jeff Mann stated "the Pave Low looks butch... the size made it the logical choice." Toys for Blackout were MH-53 replicas, which were reused for the characters of Evac, Spinister and Whirl.
The HH-53C variant was used in the combined combat search and rescue and VIP delivery sequences in the 1982 Malpaso Productions spy and action film Firefox, produced, directed by, and starring Clint Eastwood, based upon the 1977 novel of the same name by Craig Thomas.
Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe/Sikorsky S-64
Sikorsky H-60 series
The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk was the title aircraft in the film Black Hawk Down. Film makers paid the U.S. Department of Defense about $3 million to ship eight helicopters and about 100 crew members to the film location in Morocco.
Black Hawks were also featured in the film "Air Force One", again having been rented from the U.S. military.
Igor Sikorsky's Sikorsky S-29-A, owned by Roscoe Turner, doubled for a Gotha bomber in Howard Hughes' 1930 aerial epic Hell's Angels. The aircraft crashed during production and was damaged beyond repair.
When M-G-M produced the 1959 film The Gallant Hours, based on the life of U.S. Navy Admiral William "Bull" Halsey, the studio rented a Sikorsky VS-44A, N41881, named "Mother Goose", from Catalina Air Lines, Inc., and painted it in wartime camouflage to depict a secret flight that Halsey had made to the South Pacific in a Consolidated PB2Y-1 Coronado. Although the studio had promised to repaint the flying boat after the production, this did not happen, and the airline had to restore the civilian livery itself.
The First World War Sopwith Camel fighter features prominently in the Biggles stories of W. E. Johns such as the collections: The Camels Are Coming, and Biggles of the Camel Squadron. The first of these tales was published in 1932.
Sopwith Camels feature in the 2013 novel A Splendid Little War by Derek Robinson which depicts a fictional RAF unit- Merlin Squadron- flying Camels in support of the White forces during the Russian Civil War in 1919.
Sopwith 1&1/2 Strutter
A 1/6 scale RC model of a Sopwith 1&1/2 Strutter was constructed by Proctor-Enterprises to appear in the ABC TV movie Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Attack of the Hawkmen (1995) produced by George Lucas.
Space Shuttle orbiter
Race Bannon, flying a SPAD S.XIII, fights a dogfight with a Fokker D.VII, flown by Baron Heinrich von Frohleich in Episode 10 of Jonny Quest, "Shadow of the Condor", first aired 20 November 1964.
Although retired from service for over a decade, the SR-71 Blackbird appears in the form of the character Jetfire, an over-the-hill Transformer near the end of its days, in the 2009 film Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen and its toy line, which are SR-71 models.
The 1976 film Aces High uses several modified Stampe SV.4 aircraft made to look like Royal Flying Corps Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 aircraft. These aircraft were prepared by Bianchi Aviation Film Services and flown by well-known pilots including Neil Williams.
The Supermarine Attacker appears in two flying sequences in the 1952 film The Sound Barrier (released in the US as Breaking the Sound Barrier), directed by David Lean and starring Nigel Patrick & Ralph Richardson. The aerial footage was filmed by Jack Hildyard.
A clipped-wing Spitfire features in the opening sequence of David Lean's 1952 film The Sound Barrier (released in the US as Breaking the Sound Barrier). In the scene, which takes place over Dover in 1945, the Spitfire's pilot Philip Peel (John Justin) dives his aircraft at such a high-speed, that he encounters a 'barrier' of dense air, causing such severe buffeting that he almost loses control of his machine.
British writer Elleston Trevor's best-selling 1955 novel Squadron Airborne depicted a fictional RAF squadron flying Spitfires at the height of the Battle of Britain in 1940. The more recent novel Band of Eagles (2007) by Frank Barnard featured Spitfires engaged in the defence of Malta in 1941.
A Spitfire IXc was one of at least two used in the production of the 1962 World War II epic film The Longest Day. The same aircraft also appeared in Von Ryan's Express (1965), Night of the Generals (1967), and Battle of Britain (1969).
In John Frankenheimer's 1964 film, The Train, a Royal Air Force Spitfire is shown attempting to shoot up a locomotive traveling light on the French railway system, which gains safety in a tunnel.
The Spitfire was a central part of the 1969 Guy Hamilton-directed film Battle of Britain, a fictionalized account of the real Battle of Britain that one critic called "the definitive depiction of war in the air". The film led to an increase in the popularity of the aircraft among collectors of warbirds. According to one property dealer the appearance "did for Spitfires what the James Bond films did for the Aston Martin." Producers secured 35 Spitfires for use in the film.
The Spitfire was also the main aircraft used in the 1988 television series Piece of Cake. The series was based on a novel by the same name. Pilots in the novel flew the Hawker Hurricane, but the lack of airworthy Hurricanes forced the producers to change aircraft types, using five privately owned airworthy Spitfires and a collection of static and taxying replicas.
The 2001 Czech film Dark Blue World, a World War II drama about Czech pilots who flew with the Royal Air Force and directed by Jan Svěrák, featured Spitfires. The vintage Spitfires cost the film-makers US$7,500 an hour to use. The aerial sequences were a combination of live aerial footage, CGI and out-takes from the 1969 film The Battle of Britain.
Spitfires starred in the 2006 seven-minute short film/commercial Pilots produced by the Swiss-German watch manufacturer IWC Schaffhausen to promote its Big Pilot's Watch Collection. John Malkovich featured in the film.
A Spitfire features in the 2011 animated short film Paths of Hate by Polish film-maker Damian Nenow, a war and supernatural horror film in which two fighter pilots fight a vicious duel to the death. The film was nominated for best short film at the 2012 Academy Awards.
The greek TV series Aerines siopes (Αέρινες σιωπές) has some action inside the Tanagra Air Base. During episode 36, the main aircraft seen during a handfull of minutes is the North American T-2 Buckeye.
UFM Easy Riser
The UFM Easy Riser was one of two ultralight aircraft that lead the Canada geese south in the 1996 film Fly Away Home. The film was a highly fictionalized account based on Bill Lishman's autobiography and work with Operation Migration, but both Lishman's real-life migratory experiments teaching birds to migrate and the film used the Easy Riser, due to its low cruising speed, which allowed the birds to pace the aircraft in flight.
Vickers FB5 Gunbus
A replica Vickers FB5 was constructed to appear in the 1986 movie Sky Bandits (also released under the title Gunbus) which was about a pair of cowboys who flee the US to escape prison for a bank robbery and end up serving in the RFC during the Great War. The replica, built as a taxying prop for the film, is currently housed at Sywell Aerodrome in the UK.
The Vickers Valiant figures in Anthony Gray's 1965 novel The Penetrators, in which an RAF officer attempts to demonstrate a weakness in the North American strategic defense system NORAD by launching a mock attack involving nine Avro Vulcans and some Vickers Valiant tankers for inflight refuelling.
The Vickers Wellington features in the films Target for Tonight (1941) and One of Our Aircraft Is Missing (1942) which both depict the different fortunes of RAF crews on bombing raids over Germany.
Popular Irish graphic novelist Garth Ennis chose the Wellington to be the aircraft flown by the Australian crew of RAF Bomber Command in his 2010 graphic novel Happy Valley, set in 1942 during the early phase of the night bombing offensive and one of his successful Battlefields series.
Two Bell-Boeing CV-22 Ospreys (of only three in the USAF inventory at the time) were filmed in flight at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, in May 2006 for the 2007 Transformers film. This would inspire a host of Transformers toys and characters based on the Osprey including the Decepticons Incinerator and Ruination as well as the Autobots Springer and Blades.
Developed in the 1960s by former RAF Wing Commander Ken Wallis, the Wallis WA-116 Agile was an improved, more stable autogyro design. Following a prototype, five WA-116s were built by Beagle Aircraft at Shoreham, three of which were for evaluation by the British Army Air Corps. In 1966, one of the Beagle-built WA-116s, registered G-ARZB, was modified for use in the James Bond film You Only Live Twice, dubbed "Little Nellie" and flown by Wallis, doubling for Sean Connery's 007.
The Wright Flyer, the first heavier-than-air craft to make a successful powered flight, is featured in the Season Seven episode of The Simpsons "Sideshow Bob's Last Gleaming". In the episode, first aired 26 November 1995, Sideshow Bob steals the Flyer, which is on loan from the Smithsonian Institution, while it is on display at an airshow. He then flies it into a shack from which Krusty the Clown is making a television broadcast in order to put Krusty off the air; however, instead of demolishing the building the frail Flyer merely bounces off the wall undamaged.
The Martin XB-51 depicted the fictional Gilbert XF-120 in the 1956 film Toward the Unknown, starring William Holden as a test pilot. On 25 March 1956, the first XB-51 prototype, 46-0685, crashed in sand dunes near Biggs Air Force Base, El Paso, Texas, killing both crew, while staging to Eglin AFB, Florida, for filming of scenes for the motion picture.
A bombing raid by a Zeppelin comprises a major plot point in the Elsie McCutcheon novel Summer of the Zeppelin.
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