Aire, Ardennes

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Aire
The Town Hall
The Town Hall
Aire is located in France
Aire
Aire
Coordinates: 49°28′56″N 4°09′44″E / 49.4822°N 4.1622°E / 49.4822; 4.1622Coordinates: 49°28′56″N 4°09′44″E / 49.4822°N 4.1622°E / 49.4822; 4.1622
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Rethel
Canton Asfeld
Intercommunality Asfeldois
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Isabelle Henry
Area
 • Land1 6.29 km2 (2.43 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 218
 • Population2 density 35/km2 (90/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 08004 / 08190
Elevation 61–125 m (200–410 ft)
(avg. 70 m or 230 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aire is a French commune in the Ardennes department in the Champagne-Ardennes region of northern France.

Geography[edit]

Aire is some 15 km south by south west of Rethel midway on a direct line between Rethel and Guignicourt. The commune is traversed by Highway D926 running south-west from Blanzy-la-Salonnaise through the town of Aire and continuing south-west to Asfield. The only other access is by small country roads which criss-cross the commune. The commune is almost entirely farmland except for a small area of forest in the north. The Aisne river forms a small part of the northern border and the northern area of the commune is traversed by the Canal des Ardennes. There are no streams or hamlets in the commune.

Neighbouring Communes and Villages[edit]

History[edit]

The village suffered from fighting during the Wars of Religion between the Leaguers and the Calvinists in the wake of the killings at Gomont on the other side of the Aisne in May 1590.[1]

It also suffered fires that ravaged much of the village in 1770 and 1780.[1]

On the 1 March 1789 the inhabitants of the town, who were attached to the Bailiwick of Reims, wrote a list of grievances. The town then had 98 "fires". Through the concerns mentioned in this list of grievances some activities were highlighted, including the vineyards, and the cultivation of hemp that villagers wanted to rett in the river unmolested.[2]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

There are three farming operations (EARL) headquartered in Aire, but many households are retired farmers, or farms in operation, but whose main buildings are in the nearby village. So the farmers, the old farmers, and their families occupy a large part though not the majority, of the population of Aire.

The farming activity is also significant.

Industries and services[edit]

There is no industrial area in Aire.

The commune of Aire has few services as the town is very small and the complete services are available in Asfeld, 4 kilometres away. There is a garage, a roofer, and a carpentry business in Aire.

Other services come from outside: the baker of the commune comes from Saint-Germainmont (but lives in Aire) passes through Aire every day.

Outside of farmers and artisans working on site or nearby, employment in Aire is split between the towns of Rethel and of Reims through commuting.

Two cottages offer accommodation next to the pond in Aire.[3]

Local life[edit]

The Association of Flying Fools of Aire consists of fifteen model aircraft enthusiasts who have a flying field 250 metres by 30 metres.[4]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Aire

From To Name Party Position
1983 2001 Michel Henry
2001 2003 Claude Gillet
2003 2014 Isabelle Henry [5]

(Not all data is known)

Isabelle Henry is also president of the community of communes of Asfeldois since its inception in 2002.[6]

Demography[edit]

In 2009, the commune had 218 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
442 432 451 453 477 464 454 450 433
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
- - 395 352 336 311 298 296 278
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
269 266 226 180 198 189 197 167 172
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2009 - -
177 182 180 160 163 205 218 - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aire

Sites and Monuments[edit]

  • A Church with painted Tribune[7]
  • Étang d'Aire (Pond of Aire)
  • Aire is a stage on the Route Porcien[8]

See also[edit]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Albert Meyrac, Illustrated Geography of the Ardennes, Paris, 1965 (French)
  2. ^ The Ardennes list of grievances book, published by lmes Departmental Archives of the Ardennes and the Ardennes mixed Normal School on the occasion of the bicentenary of the French Revolution, Publication of the General Council of the Ardennes, 1989 ISBN 2-86008-000-7. (French)
  3. ^ Holiday Cottages in Aire on the Departmental Tourism Committee of Ardennes website (French)
  4. ^ Association of Flying Fools of Aire, the passion for model aeroplanes, La semaine des Ardennes 23 February 2012 (French)
  5. ^ Consul General of Ardennes consulted on 23 June PDF, (French)
  6. ^ Article by Pascal Remy on 18 November 2011 online at the website of the Union Journal
  7. ^ Henri Jadart, Painted Tribune in the Church at Aire, Édition H. Delesques, 1894. (French)
  8. ^ A tourist route defined by the Ardennes Tourist Office. See "Route du Porcien" on the French Wikipedia (French)