Airline Highway

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US 61.svg US 190.svg

Airline Highway
Route information
Maintained by Louisiana DOTD
Length: 115.6 mi[1] (186.0 km)
Existed: 1925 (planned);
1927 (first section opened);
1953 (last section opened) – present
Component
highways:
US 61 from New Orleans to Baton Rouge
US 190 from Baton Rouge to near Krotz Springs
Major junctions
Southeast end: US 61 in New Orleans
 

I‑10 in New Orleans
I‑310 in St. Rose
US 51 in LaPlace
I‑10 southeast of Sorrento

I‑12 / US 190 / I‑110 / US 61 in Baton Rouge
Northwest end: US 190 east of Krotz Springs
Location
Parishes: Orleans, Jefferson, St. Charles, St. John the Baptist, St. James, Ascension, East Baton Rouge, West Baton Rouge, Pointe Coupee
Highway system
  • Louisiana Highway System

Airline Highway is a divided highway in the U.S. state of Louisiana, built in stages between 1925 and 1953 to bypass the older Jefferson Highway. It runs 115.6 miles (186.0 km),[1] carrying U.S. Highway 61 from New Orleans northwest to Baton Rouge and U.S. Highway 190 from Baton Rouge west over the Mississippi River on the Huey P. Long Bridge. US 190 continues west towards Opelousas on an extension built at roughly the same time.

The highway was named because it runs relatively straight on a new alignment, rather than alongside the winding Mississippi River. The name became quite fitting, as both Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport and Baton Rouge Metropolitan Airport are along the highway. Airline Highway also runs close to the site of the old Baton Rouge airfield (near the intersection of Airline and Florida Blvd., now a park and government office complex), which brings it within blocks of the similarly named Airport Ave and Airway Drive.

History[edit]

The highway's origin is famously identified with Governor Huey P. Long, who advocated for a modern highway system in Louisiana. Though the project was underway when Long took office, most of its initial construction was completed during his administration. Originally, Airline Highway was a two-lane road that ran from Prairieville to Shrewsbury. The first section, running between Williams Boulevard in Kenner and Shrewsbury Road, opened in June 1927.[2] It was begun by the Jefferson Parish Police Jury as a local road and incorporated into the plan for Airline Highway during construction.[3] The remainder of the highway was built between 1928 and 1933 by the Louisiana Highway Commission with federal aid, as the road would carry US 61 upon completion.

The section north of the spillway was officially opened on July 4, 1933,[4] and the section on the south side followed three weeks later.[5] (Various sections had been temporarily opened to traffic beginning in October 1931.) Completion of the bridge over the Bonnet Carré Spillway was delayed until 1935, necessitating a detour over the Jefferson Highway (River Road) via temporary gravel roads along the spillway guide levees.[6] The spillway bridge was opened to traffic on September 28, 1935[7] and dedicated on December 13.[8]

At this time, traffic was routed from Prairieville into Baton Rouge over the Jefferson Highway (today's LA 73). On the New Orleans end, travelers had the option to continue on Airline Highway and follow Metairie Road (the original route of Jefferson Highway) into town or transfer to the Jefferson Highway (today's LA 48) at Kenner and follow the direct connection onto South Claiborne Avenue completed in 1928.

The first improvements to the Airline Highway began in 1935 and consisted of widening and re-surfacing the Kenner-Shrewsbury link built a decade earlier. The new four-lane section from Williams Boulevard to Haring Road opened in October 1937.[9] The new four- and six-lane section from Haring Road to Labarre Road opened in December 1938.[10] The latter project included a slight re-alignment and extension on the Shrewsbury end. (Present-day Robertson Street is a remnant of the old alignment.) The eight-lane extension into Tulane Avenue (reached by a now-demolished six-lane bridge over the former New Basin Canal) was officially opened on August 26, 1940.[11]

Also in 1940, the Old Mississippi River Bridge opened in Baton Rouge. With this occurrence, a 7.9 mile bypass was built around the city that went to the Nesser Overpass, opening to traffic in July 1941--this bypass was part of Airline Highway, but it was not connected to the rest of the highway until 1953. A further extension continued west to the Atchafalaya Bridge at Krotz Springs. The remainder of the highway was multilaned in sections during the 1940s and the 1950s. For a short time in that decade, it was the longest toll-free four-lane highway in the nation, as the multilaned portion ran 124 miles from the Atchafalaya River to New Orleans.[12] The spillway bridge carried four very narrow lanes of traffic (often resulting in accidents) until 1984 when a parallel bridge was constructed.[13]

The majority of the New Orleans-Baton Rouge section was built parallel to the Louisiana Railway and Navigation Company, which was itself built later than the slightly longer Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad. The former Louisiana Railway, now part of the Kansas City Southern Railway, crosses the Huey Long Bridge with the highway and splits to the northwest towards Shreveport; the extension to Opelousas parallels the New Orleans, Texas and Mexico Railway (later part of the Missouri Pacific Railroad).

Originally US Highways 65 and 51 were cosigned to Airline (65 the entire length, and 51 from LaPlace to New Orleans). In 1951, Louisiana truncated the route lengths, and the highway, with the exception of a portion in north Baton Rouge, is signed as US 61.

In an effort to clean up the highway's notorious history due to the seedy hotels and motels that once lined it, the portion in Jefferson Parish has been renamed Airline Drive.

Baton Rouge Bypass[edit]

Sign showing the intersection of U.S. Highway 61 (Airline Highway) at U.S. Highway 51 in LaPlace, Louisiana

The portion of the Airline Highway north and east of downtown Baton Rouge carries U.S. Highway 61 and U.S. Highway 190 around downtown, and includes several interchanges. The bypass was designated U.S. Highway 61/190 Bypass from 1957 to 1963,[14] after which US 61 and US 190 were moved onto it, and their old routes through downtown became US 61 Business/US 190 Business. The bypass and business routes originally intersected in a traffic circle, which was replaced in 1963 by a cloverleaf interchange.

1955 Interstate Highway plans, showing the Baton Rouge bypass on the Airline Highway as an urban route (numbered I-410 by 1959)

In the original 1955 plan for urban Interstate Highways, numbered by 1959, the Baton Rouge bypass was designated Interstate 410; it would have connected to Interstate 10 on both ends (as I-10 would have used the US 190 corridor immediately west of Baton Rouge, still crossing the Atchafalaya Swamp in its present location). The route was cancelled by the end of the 1960s (and the number was later reused for another Interstate 410).


Major intersections[edit]

Parish Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Orleans New Orleans 0.0 0.0 US 61 south (Tulane Avenue) Southeastern terminus; south end of US 61 concurrency
0.1–
0.4
0.2–
0.6
I‑10 west – N.O. Int'l Airport, Baton Rouge (northbound)

I‑10 east to US 90 Bus. – Westbank (southbound)
Exit 232 on I-10
Jefferson Metairie 2.7–
3.2
4.3–
5.1
LA 3046 south (Causeway Boulevard) to US 90 (Jefferson Highway) Interchange; northern terminus of LA 3046 (not signed)
3.2 5.1 LA 611-9 (Severn Avenue)
3.7 6.0 To LA 3139 south (Earhart Expressway) At Cleary Avenue
4.3 6.9 LA 3152 north (Clearview Parkway)
LA 3152 south (South Clearview Parkway) to LA 3139 (Earhart Expressway)
6.2 10.0 LA 3154 south (Hickory Avenue) – Harahan Northern terminus of LA 3154
6.4 10.3 LA 3155 (Little Farms Avenue) Northern terminus of LA 3155 (not signed)
Kenner 8.3 13.4 LA 49 north (Williams Boulevard) to I‑10 Southern terminus of LA 49
St. Charles St. Rose 12.1 19.5 LA 50 (Almedia Road) – Almedia Northern terminus of LA 50
12.2–
13.5
19.6–
21.7
I‑310 – Boutte, Baton Rouge Exit 2 on I-310
Destrehan 13.8 22.2 LA 626 (St. Rose Avenue) – Destrehan, St. Rose Northern terminus of LA 626
Norco 17.8 28.6 LA 627 (Prospect Avenue) Northern terminus of LA 627
18.9 30.4 LA 48 east (Apple Street) Western terminus of LA 48
  19.6–
20.8
31.5–
33.5
U.S. 61 Bonnet Carré Spillway Bridge
Montz 21.2 34.1 LA 628 west (CC Road) – Montz Eastern terminus of LA 628
St. John the Baptist LaPlace 22.1 35.6 LA 3217 south Northern terminus of LA 3217
23.2 37.3 LA 636-1 south (McReine Road) Northern terminus of LA 636-1
24.6 39.6 LA 44 west (Main Street) Eastern terminus of LA 44
24.7 39.8 US 51 north to I‑10 / I‑55 Southern terminus of US 51
25.9 41.7 LA 3188 north (Belle Terre Boulevard) to I‑10 Southern terminus of LA 3188
Reserve 28.3 45.5 LA 3179 south (East 22nd Street) Northern terminus of LA 3179
29.0 46.7 LA 53 south (Central Avenue) – Reserve–Edgard Ferry Northern terminus of LA 53
29.8 48.0 LA 637 south (West 10th Street) Northern terminus of LA 637
Garyville 33.4 53.8 LA 54 south – Garyville, Mt. Airy Northern terminus of LA 54
St. James   36.9 59.4 LA 641 north to I‑10
LA 641 south to LA 3213 – Gramercy, Lutcher, Convent
LA 3213 southbound leads to Gramercy Bridge (not signed)
Gramercy 38.2 61.5 LA 3274 (North Airline Avenue) Northern terminus of LA 3274
Ascension   45.7–
46.4
73.5–
74.7
I‑10 west – Baton Rouge (northbound)
I‑10 east – New Orleans (southbound)
Exit 187 on I-10
  46.5 74.8 LA 3140 Western terminus of LA 3140
Sorrento 50.1 80.6 LA 22 – Sunshine Bridge, Donaldsonville
Brittany 52.3 84.2 LA 30 – LSU
LA 431 – Port Vincent, Denham Springs
Eastern terminus of LA 30; southern terminus of LA 431
Gonzales 54.1 87.1 LA 939 (South Purpera Avenue) Eastern terminus of LA 939
54.5 87.7 LA 3038 (East Cornerview Street) Eastern terminus of LA 3038
54.8 88.2 LA 429 (Weber City Road, East Ascension Street)
55.7 89.6 LA 44 (North Burnside Avenue)
  56.6 91.1 LA 74 west Eastern terminus of LA 74
  57.7 92.9 LA 621
Prairieville 60.6 97.5 LA 73 south (Old Jefferson Highway) South end of LA 73 concurrency
60.7 97.7 LA 73 north (Old Jefferson Highway) North end of LA 73 concurrency
61.9 99.6 LA 42 east South end of LA 42 concurrency
62.9 101.2 LA 427 (Perkins Road)
East Baton Rouge   65.2 104.9 LA 42 west / LA 948 (Highland Road) North end of LA 42 concurrency; western terminus of LA 948
Baton Rouge 68.9 110.9 LA 73 south (Jefferson Highway) South end of LA 73 concurrency
69.2 111.4 LA 3246 west (Siegen Lane) Eastern terminus of LA 3246
  69.7–
69.9
112.2–
112.5
LA 73 north (Jefferson Highway) Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance;
North end of LA 73 concurrency
Baton Rouge 71.0–
71.6
114.3–
115.2
I‑12 – Baton Rouge, Hammond Exit 2A–B on I-12
71.9 115.7 LA 426 (Old Hammond Highway)
73.5–
73.8
118.3–
118.8
US 190 east (Florida Boulevard) – Hammond

US 61 Bus. / US 190 Bus. (Florida Boulevard)
Interchange; east end of US 190 concurrency;
Southeastern terminus of US 61/190 Business
75.4–
75.7
121.3–
121.8
LA 37 (Greenwell Springs Road) – Baton Rouge, Greenwell Springs Interchange
78.7–
79.4
126.7–
127.8
LA 67 (Plank Road) – BakerZachary, Clinton
79.1–
79.8
127.3–
128.4
I‑110 – Baton Rouge, Natchez Exit 5B on I-110; to Metro Airport and St. Francisville (secondary signage)
80.1–
80.4
128.9–
129.4
US 61 north (Scenic Highway) – Scotlandville

US 61 Bus. / US 190 Bus. (Scenic Highway)
Interchange; north end of US 61 concurrency;
Northwestern terminus of US 61/190 Business
East Baton Rouge
West Baton Rouge line
  81.3–
82.5
130.8–
132.8
Huey P. Long Bridge over Mississippi River
West Baton Rouge   82.5–
82.7
132.8–
133.1
LA 1 south to I‑10 – Port Allen, Plaquemine Interchange; east end of LA 1 concurrency
Lobdell 85.2 137.1 LA 415 (Plantation Avenue) to I‑10 Interchange
85.8 138.1
LA 415 Spur south (North Lobdell Highway) to I‑10 / I‑12 / I‑110
Westbound entrance and eastbound exit;
Northern terminus of LA 415 Spur
Westover 86.6 139.4 LA 1145 south (Calumet Road) Northern terminus of LA 1145
  90.5 145.6 LA 983 north (Bueche Road) Southern terminus of LA 983
Erwinville 95.2 153.2 LA 413 (Poydras Bayou Road) to I‑10 – Rosedale, Lakeland
Pointe Coupee   97.2 156.4 LA 1 north (Wye Road) – New Roads, Marksville West end of LA 1 concurrency
Torbert 100.4 161.6 LA 978 north (Bigman Lane) Southern terminus of LA 978
Livonia 104.4 168.0 LA 78 (Mississippi River Trail) – False River, New Roads, St. Francisville
LA 411 (Maringouin Road East) – Maringouin, Rosedale, Ramah
Southern terminus of LA 78; northern terminus of LA 411
104.5 168.2 LA 77 (Fordoche Road, Maringouin Road West) to I‑10 – Maringouin, Fordoche
Blanks 106.9 172.0 LA 976 Northern terminus of LA 976
Lottie 109.4 176.1 LA 81 (Charles Road) – Fordoche, Morganza
  110.8–
114.4
178.3–
184.1
Bridge over Morganza Spillway
  115.4 185.7 LA 975 – Sherburne, Sherburne Wildlife Management Area
  115.6 186.0 US 190 west – Opelousas Northwestern terminus; west end of US 190 conurrency;
At Atchafalaya River Bridge
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

  1. ^ a b c Google Inc. "Overview Map of Airline Highway". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=Airline+Highway+(Southeastern+Terminus)&daddr=30.159431,-90.8133883+to:Airline+Highway+(Northwestern+Terminus)&hl=en&ll=30.270928,-90.804749&spn=1.306987,2.705383&sll=30.145869,-90.814877&sspn=0.081793,0.169086&geocode=FVxMyQEdkRGh-g%3BFUcyzAEdNEyW-inP-FNmtMwmhjEd7C-1tiiRtA%3BFcoh0gEdgxaI-g&oq=krotz&dirflg=h&mra=dpe&mrsp=1&sz=13&via=1&t=m&z=9. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  2. ^ "News of Metairie and the highway". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). June 1, 1927. p. 36. 
  3. ^ "Airline route to state capital is feasible project". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). July 19, 1925. p. 4-1. 
  4. ^ "Opening of airline route announced". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). July 4, 1933. p. 1. 
  5. ^ "Road to capital cut by opening of new section". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). July 29, 1933. pp. 2–11. 
  6. ^ "Driving distance to Baton Rouge will be reduced". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). May 1, 1935. p. 1. 
  7. ^ "Spillway bridge may be ready for use on Saturday". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). September 24, 1935. p. 1. 
  8. ^ "Throng to rally at Bonnet Carre Spillway today". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). December 13, 1935. p. 1. 
  9. ^ "Shrewsbury-Kenner Air Line Highway link open to traffic". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). October 30, 1937. p. 1. 
  10. ^ "Short-cut road on Baton Rouge route is opened". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). December 20, 1938. p. 3. 
  11. ^ "Air-Line Highway bridge ceremony slated Monday". The Times-Picayune New Orleans States (New Orleans). August 25, 1940. p. 1. 
  12. ^ "Nation's longest toll-free four-lane highway nearing finish". The Times-Picayune New Orleans States (New Orleans). August 17, 1952. p. 2-2. 
  13. ^ "New bridge over spillway opens quietly". The Times-Picayune/The States-Item (New Orleans). March 30, 1984. pp. 1–26. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Highways: Bypass U.S. Highways". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 

External links[edit]