Airline Transport Pilot Licence
The Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL), or in the United States of America, an Airline Transport Pilot Certificate (ATP) is the highest level of aircraft pilot license. Those certified as Airline Transport Pilots (unconditional) are authorized to act as pilot in command on scheduled air carrier's aircraft under CFR 14 part 121. Additionally, ATP may be used as a name suffix, e.g. John Smith, ATP .
Any pilot operating an aircraft for pay must start by obtaining a commercial pilot license (CPL). Aircraft heavier than 12,500 lbs. also require pilots to have a "type rating" (specific to the make and model of aircraft) certification.
Theoretical subjects included in the examination of ATPL applicants are:
- Air law
- Aircraft general knowledge
- Flight planning and monitoring
- Human performance and limitations
- Operational procedures
- Principles of flight
- Communications (IFR & VFR)
- General navigation
- Radio navigation
- Weight and balance
To be eligible to take the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) ATPL practical test, the candidate must have at least 1500 hours of experience in aircraft and be at least 23 years old. If you get a degree in aviation from a Part 141 University such as the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University or Kent State University, you can have 1000 hours of flight at the age of 23 years old to obtain the restricted ATP license.
- Private pilot license
- Commercial pilot license
- Pilot certification in the United States
- Airline Transport Pilot license in Canada
- Pilot licensing in the United Kingdom
- Air Transport Pilot and Aircraft Type Rating Practical Test Standards for Airplane. FAA, August 2006.
- FAA definitions of US civil airmen types
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