Airline Transport Pilot Licence
The Air Transport Pilot License (ATPL), or in the United States of America, an Air Transport Pilot (ATP) certificate is the highest level of aircraft pilot license. Those certified as Airline Transport Pilots (unconditional) are authorized to act as pilot in command on scheduled air carrier's aircraft under CFR 14 Part 121. Additionally, ATP may be used as a name suffix, e.g. John Smith, ATP'
Any pilot operating an aircraft for pay must start by obtaining a Commercial pilot license (CPL). Airline Transport Pilot Licenses do not have special endorsements, such as Instrument or Complex aircraft ratings, as Airline Transport Pilots must already possess knowledge and training in these areas. However, aircraft heavier than 12,500 lbs. still require pilots to have a "type rating" (specific to the make and model of aircraft) certification.
Theoretical subjects included in the examination of ATPL applicants are:
- Air law
- Aircraft general knowledge
- Flight planning and monitoring
- Human performance and limitations
- Operational procedures
- Principles of flight
- Communications (IFR & VFR)
- General navigation
- Radio navigation
- Weight and balance
To be eligible to take the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) ATP practical test, the candidate must have at least 1500 hours of experience in aircraft and be at least 23 years old. Restricted Licenses (which allow the holder to perform only second-in-command duties) may be granted to individuals that meet one of the following criteria:
- Military pilots who are 23 years old with 750 hours total time.
- Graduates with a four-year degree in aviation from a Part 141 University such as the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University or Arizona State University, that have 1000 hours of flight at the age of 23 years old.
- Graduates with a two-year degree in aviation, such as Century College in Minnesota, who have 1250 hours and are 23 years old.
- Pilots with 1500 hours who are 21 years old.
The pilot can remove the restriction once they have achieved the normal prerequisites.
- Private pilot license
- Commercial pilot license
- Pilot certification in the United States
- Airline Transport Pilot license in Canada
- Pilot licensing in the United Kingdom
- Air Transport Pilot and Aircraft Type Rating Practical Test Standards for Airplane. FAA, August 2006.
- FAA definitions of US civil airmen types
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