Airoux

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Airoux
Airoux vue generale.jpg
Coat of arms of Airoux
Coat of arms
Airoux is located in France
Airoux
Airoux
Coordinates: 43°22′00″N 1°52′00″E / 43.3667°N 1.8667°E / 43.3667; 1.8667Coordinates: 43°22′00″N 1°52′00″E / 43.3667°N 1.8667°E / 43.3667; 1.8667
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Department Aude
Arrondissement Carcassonne
Canton Castelnaudary-Nord
Intercommunality Castelnaudary et du bassin Lauraguais
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Cédric Malrieu
Area
 • Land1 5.49 km2 (2.12 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Population2 138
 • Population2 density 25/km2 (65/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 11002 / 11320
Elevation 165–251 m (541–823 ft)
(avg. 192 m or 630 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Airoux (Occitan: Airós) is a French commune in the Aude department in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Airouxois or Airouxoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Airoux is within the urban area of Castelnaudary situated in the Lauragais on the Rigole de la plaine. It is located some 5 km north-west of Castelnaudary and 15 km south-east of Villefranche-de-Lauragais. It can be accessed on road D217 from Labastide-d'Anjou in the south through the village and continuing north-east to Soupex. There is also the D1 road from Montmaur in the northwest which also passes through the village and continues south-east to Ricaud. The commune consists entirely of farmland with no other villages or hamlets.

Numerous streams cover the entire commune with the Rigole of the Canal du Midi passing through the northern part of the commune and forming part of the northern border. An unnamed watercourse forms the whole western border between the rigole and the Fresquel river which forms the southern border of the commune. Numerous other unnamed streams and watercourses flow to the Fresquel from the commune to the south, south-east, and east.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Airoux

Blazon:
Azur with three pales argent in chief the same.




Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Airoux

From To Name Party Position
1751 1754 Jacques Melix
1754 1766 Antoine Blou
1766 1772 Jacques Gacher
1772 1784 Pierre Briane
1784 1790 Charles Pontnau
1790 1792 Antoine Biou
1793 1795 M. Bourdil
1795 1799 Jean Mazieres
1799 1808 Jean Pontnau
1808 1814 Jean Raymond Milhes
1823 1830 Barthélémy Bessiere
1830 1831 Emmanuel Denat
1831 1840 Jean Raymond Monier
1840 1846 Emmanuel Denat
1846 1848 Jacques Blou
1848 1852 Jean Pierre Milhes
1852 1870 Jacques Milhes
1870 1871 Jean Pierre Milhes
1871 1878 Jacques Milhes
1878 1908 Raymond Milhes
1908 1919 Antonin Desplats
1919 1935 Joseph Marty
1935 1945 Maurice Geli
1945 1989 Pierre Geli
1989 2014 Laurent Geli[3]
2014 2020 Cédric Malrieu

Demography[edit]

In 2009, the commune had 3,682 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
252 240 378 338 339 363 330 345 356
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
331 296 296 293 263 246 252 247 239
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
203 201 199 171 169 188 172 178 160
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2008 2010
137 142 112 100 110 126 126 126 128

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Airoux

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the municipality has 42.9% men and 57.1% women. This is generally older than the age groups of metropolitan France. There are 73 people under 20 years old for every 100 people over 60 years old giving an index of 0.73, while the index for French youth, which is equal to the division of the proportion under 20 years by the proportion over 60 years, is 1.06. The index for youth of the commune is also lower than the department (0.76) and that of the region (0.86).[4]

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Airoux and Aude Department in 2009

Airoux Airoux Aude Aude
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 13.0 18.1 17.9 16.0
15 to 29 Years 13.0 12.5 16.1 14.4
30 to 44 Years 22.2 13.9 19.1 18.4
45 to 59 Years 29.6 20.8 20.7 20.4
60 to 74 Years 11.1 20.8 16.7 17.1
75 to 89 Years 9.3 11.1 9.0 12.4
90 Years+ 1.9 2.8 0.6 1.4

Sources:

Sites and monuments[edit]

Cemetery Cross at Airoux
  • Chateau of Airoux[5]
  • The Cemetery Cross at Airoux[6] (The cross is actually located in front of the church)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aude (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France
  4. ^ Census database for 2009 - departments and regions, INSEE website, consulted on 11 November 2012 (French).
  5. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00102508 Chateau of Airoux (French)
  6. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00102509 Cemetery Cross (French)