Airport railway line, Brisbane
|Opening||5 May 2001|
|Track length||15.9 km (9.9 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) Cape gauge|
|Operating speed||0 km/h (0 mph)|
Airtrain is the privately owned commuter railway line that extends 13.0 km (8.1 mi) northeast from Brisbane (15.9 km from Central station by rail), the state capital of Queensland, Australia, to the Brisbane Airport at both its separate International and Domestic terminals.
Ownership and business
The Airtrain service is a private enterprise. The line is owned and operated by Airtrain Citylink Limited, with financial backing from Transfield Services, Macquarie Bank, Colonial First State and ABN AMRO. The first service ran on 5 May 2001. Airtrain Citylink has a license from Queensland Transport under a BOOT scheme – build, own, operate and transfer – to build the rail line, to own and operate it, and hand entire infrastructure over to the Queensland Government after 35 years when the company will then cease to exist.
The line connects seamlessly with the Citytrain network and services use Citytrain rolling stock in a commercial agreement with QR. While Citytrain rolling stock is used, Airtrain does not form part of the TransLink integrated public transport scheme, and therefore fares are not subsidised by the government. As a result, travel between the airport and Citytrain stations in the Brisbane central business district costs $16.00 one way and $30.00 return (as of October 2013). Travel on Airtrain services between ordinary Citytrain stations, not involving airport travel, is charged at the normal Citytrain rate, including concession rates.
In 2008, Brisbane's Airtrain ran an operating profit of $4.8 million, allowing Airtrain to pay dividends of $1.95 to its shareholders. Airtain is not subsidised by the Queensland Government, and its $220 million construction cost was entirely privately financed. This makes it one of a few known profitable public transport systems.
In late 2012, U.K. pension fund Universities Superannuation Scheme bought over Airtrain for A$110 million.
Initial passenger numbers on the service were well below expectations and the company nearly faced voluntary administration in 2003. However in May 2005, Airtrain operated at a profit for the first time due to significant passenger growth – 1.12 million passengers in the 2004-2005 financial year, an increase of 40% – and a complex company restructure that cut costs by nearly half.
Passenger numbers on the service have also steadily increased, approaching two million passengers each year using the private rail link. In 2008, 6% of visitors to the airport used an Airtrain service. This figure rose to 8% in 2011.
Line guide and services
Commencing at the Domestic Terminal, all services stop at the International Terminal and Eagle Junction railway station, then express to Bowen Hills, then all stations though the Brisbane CBD to at least Roma Street. The typical travel time between Domestic Terminal and Brisbane City is approximately 22 minutes (to Central). This travel time results in an average train speed of 43 km/h.
Airport line services run every fifteen minutes during the morning and afternoon weekday peak hours, and every half hour during the off-peak. Most services continue as Gold Coast line services.
|Airport railway line, Brisbane
showing distance from Central, ticket zone, and connecting or nearby bus services
- Debritz, Brett (6 May 2001). "Airtrain off to a flying start". The Sunday Mail. p. 50.
- Airtrain Citylink Limited (2008). Brisbane's Airtrain - Brisbane CBD Fares. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- McCulloch, James. (22 September 2008).Brisbane Airtrain lifts operating profit to $4.8 million. The Courier Mail.
- Brisbane Airtrain- About Us.
- Tan, Gillian (21 December 2012). "U.K. Pension Fund Buys Brisbane’s Airport Rail Link". Wall Street Journal (Dow Jones & Company, Inc.). Retrieved 21 December 2012.
- "Airport rail passenger numbers increase". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 19 July 2003. Retrieved 8 December 2007.
- Tony Moore (26 October 2012). "Off the rails: Uncertainty over Airtrain monopoly". Brisbane Times (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 26 October 2012.