Fokker F.XXII

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Fokker F.XXII
Fokker F22 ABA 3.jpg
Swedish Fokker F.XXII
Role 22-passenger transport
Manufacturer Fokker
First flight 1935
Introduction 1935
Retired 1947
Primary users KLM
Royal Air Force
Scottish Aviation
AB Aerotransport
Number built 4

The Fokker F.XXII was a 1930s Dutch four-engined 22-passenger airliner designed and built by Fokker.

Development[edit]

Developed as a smaller version of the Fokker F.XXXVI the F.XXII is a high-wing cantilever monoplane with a fixed tailwheel landing gear. It was powered by four Pratt & Whitney Wasp radial piston engines mounted in the wing leading edge. The first aircraft registered PH-AJP first flew in 1935, and was followed by two production aircraft all for KLM. A fourth aircraft was built for the Swedish airline AB Aerotransport.

Operational history[edit]

One KLM aircraft crashed in July 1935 and the other two continued in service until August 1939, when they were sold to British American Air Services and Scottish Aviation in the United Kingdom. A month later the British American Air Services aircraft was also acquired by Scottish Aviation as a navigation trainer. In October 1941, they were both impressed into service with the Royal Air Force and used as transports and crew trainers. One aircraft survived the war to be returned to Scottish Aviation who used it for services between Prestwick and Belfast until it was grounded at the end of 1947.

The Swedish aircraft, which was named Lappland, flew a regular Amsterdam Malmo service until it was destroyed in an accident in June 1936.

Airspeed Ltd. in Great Britain arranged a license to build F.XXIIs for the British market as the Airspeed AS.16, but no orders were received.[1]

Operators[edit]

Civil operators[edit]

 Netherlands
 Sweden
 United Kingdom

Military operators[edit]

 United Kingdom

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On July 14, 1935, a KLM F.XXII (PH-AJQ, Kwikstaart) crashed on climbout from Schiphol Airport due to double engine failure, killing six of 20 on board.[2]
  • On June 9, 1936, an AB Aerotransport F.XXII (SE-ABA, Lappland) crashed at Bulltofta Airport while attempting an emergency landing following triple engine failure, killing one of 13 on board.[3]
  • On July 3, 1943, RAF F.XXII HM159 ditched at Loch Tarbert, Scotland due to an in-flight fire, killing all 20 passengers and crew on board.[4]

Specifications (variant)[edit]

Data from The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985, Orbis Publishing, Page 1895/6

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 22-passengers
  • Length: 21.52 m (70 ft 7¼ in)
  • Wingspan: 30 m (98 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 4.60 m (15 ft 1¼ in)
  • Empty weight: 8,100 kg (17,857 lb)
  • Gross weight: 13,000 kg (28,660 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Pratt & Whitney Wasp T1D1 9-cylinder radial piston, 373 kW (500 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 285 km/h (177 mph)
  • Range: 1,350 km (839 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 4,900 m (16,075 ft)
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor, H.A.. Airspeed Aircraft since 1931. Putnam. 1970. London. ISBN 0-370-00110-9
  2. ^ Accident description for CCCP-M25 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-7-24.
  3. ^ Accident description for SE-ABA at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-7-24.
  4. ^ Accident description for HM159 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-7-24.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985, Orbis Publishing, Page 1895/6
  • A.J. Jackson, British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 2, 1974, Putnam, London, ISBN 0-370-10010-7, Page 373
  • Taylor, H.A.. Airspeed Aircraft since 1931. Putnam. 1970. London. ISBN 0-370-00110-9