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Aitha el-Foukhar (عيثا الفخار) is a Lebanese village in Lebanon, located in the Bekaa Valley in the Rachaya region of Lebanon. A small village of narrow streets and humble houses, Aita is surrounded by high mountains from three sides which reach 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) above sea level at some points. The village itself is almost 1,250 metres (4,100 ft) above sea level. Aita is exemplary for toleration and acceptance as lived day to day through the mixed religious background (Greek Orthodox and Muslim) of its inhabitants. Throughout the whole civil war, no single accident was recorded and this is all due to the mutual love and affection of its residents. As it is with many Lebanese towns its mosques embrace the churches and similarly its residents where they stand by each other at every occasion
The village name combines the words aitha, meaning temple in Syrianic language, and foukhar, meaning pottery. Together they refer to a pottery production center. The mountain to the north of the village is steep and not useful for agriculture. To the east and south, the mountains have gentle slopes, and terraces are formed to use the land for agriculture. People cultivate several products including wheat, mulberries, cherries, figs, apples, grapes, and olives. Water sources are available mainly from springs such as Ain el-Arish. Until the present, the inhabitants of the village partially depended on this spring as a source of water. Water and a pleasant climate would have been attractive reasons for the settlement of the village in the early A.C. periods.
Many of Aita el-Foukhar's residents have left for bigger cities in Lebanon while some still live in Aita. Others have immigrated to North and South America, Australia, Africa, Middle East, Canada and many countries in the world.