Aitkin County, Minnesota
|Aitkin County, Minnesota|
Location in the state of Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
|Founded||May 23, 1857|
|Named for||William Alexander Aitken|
|• Total||1,995.31 sq mi (5,168 km2)|
|• Land||1,819.30 sq mi (4,712 km2)|
|• Water||176.01 sq mi (456 km2), 8.82%|
|• Density||8/sq mi (3/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Aitkin County (// AY-kin) is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,202. Its county seat is Aitkin. A portion of the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation is in the county.
Aitkin County was established in 1857 as Aiken County and had a spelling change of its name to the current spelling in 1872. Aitkin County was named after William Alexander Aitken, a fur trader for the American Fur Company, under John Jacob Astor. Formed from Ramsey and Pine counties, Aiken County originally consisted of the 17 townships closest to Mille Lacs Lake. It acquired out-lands of Ramsey, Itasca and Pine Counties to its north and east. It was reorganized in 1871, taking up lands from Cass and Itasca Counties and losing a point located in the southwestern corner to Crow Wing County to form its current boundaries.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,995.31 square miles (5,167.8 km2), of which 1,819.30 square miles (4,712.0 km2) (or 91.18%) is land and 176.01 square miles (455.9 km2) (or 8.82%) is water. Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information shows:
- Itasca County (north)
- Saint Louis County (northeast)
- Carlton County (east)
- Pine County (southeast)
- Kanabec County (south)
- Mille Lacs County (south)
- Crow Wing County (southwest)
- Cass County (northwest)
||Cass County||Itasca County||Saint Louis County|
|Crow Wing County||Kanabec County and Mille Lacs County||Pine County|
National protected area
Minnesota State Park
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Aitkin have ranged from a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) in January to a high of 80 °F (27 °C) in July, although a record low of −47 °F (−44 °C) was recorded in January 1972 and a record high of 100 °F (38 °C) was recorded in August 1976. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.79 inches (20 mm) in February to 4.46 inches (113 mm) in June.
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,202 people, 7,542 households, and 4,458 families residing in the county. The population density was 8.9 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 16,626 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.63% or 15,494 people White, 0.35% or 57 people Black or African American, 2.4% or 390 people Native American, 0.17% or 27 people Asian, 0.025% or 4 people Pacific Islander, 0.13% or 21 people from other races, and 1.29% or 209 people from two or more races. Of the population with two or more races, 0.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.5% were of German, 14.3% Norwegian, 13.0% Swedish, 6.2% Irish, 5.3% United States or American and 5.2% Finnish ancestry.
There were 6,644 households out of which 22.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.76.
In the county the population was spread out with 20.90% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 21.60% from 25 to 44, 29.10% from 45 to 64, and 23.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $44,139, and the median income for a family was $58,290. Males had a median income of $51,604 versus $30,633 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,848. About 5.20% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.50% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Records of Aitkin County are available for research use. They include school records, juvenile court records, probate and district court records, birth and death records, and agency histories.
- "Aitkin County". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 71 - 72. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
- "Monthly Averages for Aitkin, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 31 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Aitkin County government’s website
- Minnesota Department of Transportation map of Aitkin County (southern portion, northern portion)