Aiton, Cluj

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Aiton
Commune
Location of the settlement on County map
Location of the settlement on County map
Aiton, Cluj is located in Romania
Aiton, Cluj
Location on Romania map
Coordinates: 46°41′07″N 23°44′20″E / 46.68528°N 23.73889°E / 46.68528; 23.73889Coordinates: 46°41′07″N 23°44′20″E / 46.68528°N 23.73889°E / 46.68528; 23.73889
Country  Romania
County Cluj County
Status Commune
Settled 1320
Commune seat Aiton
Villages Aiton, Rediu
Government
 • Mayor Făgădar Nicolae (PSD)
Area
 • Total 45.27 km2 (17.48 sq mi)
Elevation 626 m (2,054 ft)
Population (July 1, 2007)[1]
 • Total 1,244
 • Density 27/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 407025
Area code(s) +40 x64[2]
Website http://www.cjcluj.ro/aiton/

Aiton (Hungarian: Ajton; German: Eiten) is a commune in Cluj County, Romania. It is composed of two villages, Aiton and Rediu (Rőd).

Population[edit]

The population modified during time, as follows:

Census[3][4] Structura etnică
Year Population Romanians Hungarians Germans Roma Other minorities
1850 2.438 1.901 443 85 9
1880 2.803 2.106 585 1 111
1890 3.452 2.690 720 42
1900 3.528 2.830 698 0
1910 3.934 3.183 693 4 54
1920 3.747 3.178 551 18
1930 4.132 3.504 586 1 28 13
1941 4.585 3.975 566 2 42
1956 3.754 3.274 479 1
1966 3.308 2.840 467 1 0
1977 2.772 2.404 368 0
1992 1.626 1.432 194 0
1992 1.626 1.431 195 0
2002 1.338 1.154 181 3 0

History[edit]

A copy of the Milliarium of Aiton erected in June 1993 in front of the Turda Post Office

An ancient Roman milliarium has been discovered in Aiton in the 18th century (Milliarium of Aiton). It milestone, dating from 108 AD, shortly after the Roman conquest of Dacia, shows the construction of the road from Potaissa to Napoca, by demand of the Emperor Trajan. It indicates the distance of ten thousand feet (P.M.X.) to Potaissa. This is the first epigraphical attestation of the settlements of Potaissa and Napoca in Roman Dacia.

The complete inscription is: "Imp(erator)/ Caesar Nerva/ Traianus Aug(ustus)/ Germ(anicus) Dacicus/ pontif(ex) maxim(us)/ (sic) pot(estate) XII co(n)s(ul) V/ imp(erator) VI p(ater) p(atriae) fecit/ per coh(ortem) I Fl(aviam) Vlp(iam)/ Hisp(anam) mil(liariam) c(ivium) R(omanorum) eq(uitatam)/ a Potaissa Napo/cam / m(ilia) p(assuum) X". It was recorded in Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, vol.III, the 1627, Berlin, 1863.

This milliarium is an attestation of the road know to be built by Cohors I Hispanorum miliaria.[5]

A copy of this milliarium was erected in June 1993 in front of the Turda Post Office (Dec. 1, 1918 Street). Another copy exists in the front of the Aiton School.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Population as of July 1, 2007" (in Romanian). INSSE. April 4, 2008. Archived from the original on 29 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  2. ^ x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
  3. ^ Varga E. Censuses on language and nationality (1850-1992)
  4. ^ Etno-demographic structure of Romania (2002)
  5. ^ ARCHAEOLOGICAL REPERTORY OF ROMANIA. Archive Of The Vasile Parvan Institute Of Archaeology – Site Location Index[1]

References[edit]

  • Atlasul localităţilor judeţului Cluj (Cluj County Localities Atlas), Suncart Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, ISBN 973-86430-0-7