Aix, Corrèze

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Aix
The Barricade stream from Road D1089
The Barricade stream from Road D1089
Coat of arms of Aix
Coat of arms
Aix is located in France
Aix
Aix
Coordinates: 45°37′01″N 2°23′00″E / 45.6169°N 2.3833°E / 45.6169; 2.3833Coordinates: 45°37′01″N 2°23′00″E / 45.6169°N 2.3833°E / 45.6169; 2.3833
Country France
Region Limousin
Department Corrèze
Arrondissement Ussel
Canton Eygurande
Intercommunality Pays d'Eygurande
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) François Ratelade
Area1 48.02 km2 (18.54 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 386
 • Density 8.0/km2 (21/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 19002 / 19200
Elevation 650–880 m (2,130–2,890 ft)
(avg. 850 m or 2,790 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aix (Ais in Occitan) is a French commune in the Corrèze department in the Limousin region of central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aixois or Aixoises [1]

Geography[edit]

Aix is located some 50 km south-west of Clermont-Ferrand. The south eastern section of the commune is traversed by the TransEuroppienne Motorway (E70 / A89). Exit No. 24 is just next to the border and this exit to the north connects the motorway to the Highway D1089 which runs fairly parallel to the motorway from Ussel in the south-west to Merlines in the north-east passing through the heart of the commune. To reach the village of Aix it is possible to take the D40E2 which branches from the D1089 south-west of the commune and goes directly to the town. The town can also be accessed from the west on the D49 from Saint-Pardoux-le-Vieux which, after passing through the town, continues east to link with the D1089. There is also Highway D91 from the north as well as many small country roads.[2]

The railway at the Farget bridge on the D49

To the south-east of the town about 1.5 km in a direct line is the railway station of La Marsalouse which is served by TER Limousin and TER Auvergne trains which link Clermont-Ferrand to Gare de Limoges-Bénédictins and Gare de Brive-la-Gaillarde. TER buses also connect Aix and La Marsalouse to Ussel and Montlucon town, this route having been transferred to the road on 29 February 2008. There are many forests covering the commune with approximately 50% forest and 50% farmland.[2]

The Barricade stream at route D1089

The commune is covered by numerous streams including the Dozanne, the Sarsonne, the Dognon, the Jaloustre, the Barricade, and many others. Most of these flow into the Chavanon river which forms the border between the Correze and Puy-de-Dome departments in the south-east.[2]

Neighbouring communes and towns[2][edit]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aix
Blazon:

Azure, a wolf passant of Or debruised by a quarter at sinister chief chequey in gules and Or.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Aix[3]

From To Name Party Position
1790 Mazel
1802 1813 F Mazel
1813 1831 A-F Mazel
1831 1848 A Clebert
1848 1850 P Dallet
1850 1854 P Sivace
1855 1860 L Moussard
1861 1865 P Majour
1865 1870 M Malpertu
1870 1871 E Lepeytre
1871 1873 P Dallet
1874 1876 F Baudry
1877 1878 P Dallet
1878 1886 A Tinlot
1886 J Malergue
2001 2014 Françoise Couzelas
2014 2020 François Ratelade

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009, the commune had 386 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,110 968 1,027 990 1,090 1,111 1,161 1,200 1,184
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,096 1,066 1,057 1,124 1,214 1,108 1,124 1,172 1,051
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,071 1,043 970 816 797 719 703 628 544
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2009 - -
537 431 373 371 325 307 386 - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aix

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The War Memorial (1921)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • The Inn (1821)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Farmhouse at La Sauvette (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Farmhouse at La Navade (1866)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse at Encogneras (1747)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Farmhouse / Mill at La Chassagnite (18th century),Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9] one of the few water mills in running condition.
  • Farmhouses (17th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
Other sites of interest
  • The Lyon-Bordeaux Roman Road visible between La Chassagnite and Aix railway station.
  • A Feudal mound east of the town.
  • Beautiful views of the Puy de Dome and Dore mountains (at the end of the village to the north on the D49).
  • Hiking: the mail carrier path of 17 km with the departuree poiunt marked at the Town Hall. The Circuit de la Chassagnite (panel 13) of 13 km follows the Roman road. The Circuit Chamina 42 Roman road is 6 km with intermittent yellow signs.
  • Mountain bike trail

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Cemetery Cross (1888)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • A Cemetery (1888).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12] The movable items in the cemeteryLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg have been registered as historical objects.[13]
  • The Parish Church of Saint Martin-de-Tours (13th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
    • 2 Bronze Bells (1871)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[15]
    • A Painting with frame: Calvary with Saint Madeleine (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
    • A Sunburst Monstrance (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[17]
    • A Neo-gothic Chalice with Paten (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
    • A Neo-gothic Chalice with Paten (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • A Reliquary Cross (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • A Sacristy Cross (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
    • A Painting: The Calvary (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
    • A Statue: Saint Martin-de-Tours (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
    • A Statue: Virgin and child (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
    • A Confessional (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
    • 2 Statues: Saint Gervais and Saint Protais (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
    • A Retable (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]
    • A Stained glass window: Virgin of the Nativity and Christ of the Eucharist (1891)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
    • The Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Correze
  2. ^ a b c d Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066876 War Memorial (French)Camera aabb.svg
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066877 Inn (French)Camera aabb.svg
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066881 Farmhouse at La Sauvette (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066880 Farmhouse at La Navade (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066879 Farmhouse at Encogneras (French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066878 Farmhouse / Mill at La Chassagnite (French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066872 Farmhouses (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066874 Cemetery Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066873 Cemetery (French)Camera aabb.svg
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000156 Movable items in the Cemetery (French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066875 Parish Church of Saint Martin-de-Tours (French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19001296 2 Bronze bells (French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19001123 Painting with frame: Calvary with Saint Madeleine (French)Camera aabb.svg
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000013 Sunburst Monstrance (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000012 Neo-gothic Chalice with Paten (French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000011 Neo-gothic Chalice with Paten (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000010 Reliquary Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000009 Sacristy Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000008 Painting: The Calvary (French)Camera aabb.svg
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000007 Statue: Saint Martin-de-Tours (French)Camera aabb.svg
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000006 Statue: Virgin and child (French)Camera aabb.svg
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000005 Confessional (French)Camera aabb.svg
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000004 2 Statues: Saint Gervais and Saint Protais (French)Camera aabb.svg
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000003 Retable (French)Camera aabb.svg
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000002 Stained glass window: Virgin of the Nativity and Christ of the Eucharist (French)Camera aabb.svg
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000001 Furniture in the Church (French)Camera aabb.svg