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For Roman fort Aizis, see Aizis (castra).
Blidaru-entry-icon.png Aizis
Aizis is located in Romania
Location within Romania
Alternative name(s) Aixis, Aixim, Airzis, Azizis, Azisis, Aizisis, Alzisis, Aigis, Aigizidava, Zizis
Attested by
Coordinates 45°29′16″N 21°50′59″E / 45.4877°N 21.8498°E / 45.4877; 21.8498Coordinates: 45°29′16″N 21°50′59″E / 45.4877°N 21.8498°E / 45.4877; 21.8498
County Caraș-Severin
Country  Romania
Aizis on the Roman Dacia selection from Tabula Peutingeriana (top upper left corner)

Aizis (Aixis, Aixim, Airzis, Azizis, Azisis, Aizisis, Alzisis, Aigis, Aigizidava[*], Zizis, Ancient Greek: Αίζισίς) was a Dacian town mentioned by Emperor Trajan in his work Dacica. Located at Dealul Ruieni,[1] Fârliug, Caraș-Severin, Romania.

One sentence surviving from Dacica, in the Latin grammar work of Priscian, Institutiones grammaticae,[2] says: inde Berzobim, deinde Aizi processimus, meaning We then advanced to Berzobim, next to Aizi.[3] The phrase describes the initial itinerary march into Dacia by the Roman army After the Roman conquest of Dacia, a castrum gets built at Aizis.

It is also depicted in the Tabula Peutingeriana, as Azizis, on a Roman road network, between Bersovia and Caput Bubali.


The place name Aizizi, located in the South West of Dacia has a root / radical containing the Bactrian "ait", Armenian “iz” ‘snake’ or better the Bactrian "azi" Armenian "ajts" 'goat'.[4] The Romanian historian and archaeologist Vasile Pârvan also gives the meaning 'goat'.[5]

This Dacian name (mentioned also by Ptolemy as Αίζισίς) confirms the Dacian language change from Proto-Indo-European *g to z: Αίζισίς (Ptolemy) < *aig-is(yo) – ‘(place) with goats’ (Greek αίζ, αίγός goat) [6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Monografia localității Fârliug by Pr. Cristian Franț
  2. ^ Priscian 520, VI 13.
  3. ^ Exploratio: Military and Political Intelligence in the Roman World from the Second Punic War to the Battle of Adrianople by N. J. E. Austin, N. B. Rankov Routledge, 1995, ISBN 0415049458, ISBN 9780415049450
  4. ^ “Les restes de la langue dace” by W. Tomaschek (Gratz University) in “Le Museon (Revue Internationale Volume 2)”, Louvain, 1883 (page 402)
  5. ^ Pârvan 1982, p. 165.
  6. ^ E.C. Polome “Chapter 20e Balkan Languages (Illyrian, Thracian and Daco-Moesian)” in The Cambridge Ancient History, edited by John Boardman, 2nd Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, The Prehistory of the Balkans, the Middle East and the Aegean World, Tenth to Eighth Centuries BC, ISBN 978-0-521-22496-3, page 887




  • Pârvan, Vasile (1982). Florescu, Radu, ed. Getica (in Romanian). București, Romania: Editura Meridiane. 

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