Aizkraukle

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Aizkraukle
Town
Aizkraukle road.jpg
Flag of Aizkraukle
Flag
Coat of arms of Aizkraukle
Coat of arms
Aizkraukle is located in Latvia
Aizkraukle
Aizkraukle
Location in Latvia
Coordinates: 56°36′15″N 25°15′14″E / 56.60417°N 25.25389°E / 56.60417; 25.25389Coordinates: 56°36′15″N 25°15′14″E / 56.60417°N 25.25389°E / 56.60417; 25.25389
Country  Latvia
Municipality Aizkraukle Municipality
Town rights 1967
Area
 • Total 11.83 km2 (4.57 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 8,606
 • Density 727/km2 (1,880/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code LV-510(1-3)
Calling code +371 651

Aizkraukle (German: Ascheraden) is a town in Vidzeme region in Latvia, the administrative centre of Aizkraukle Municipality on the right bank of the Daugava River.

History[edit]

The ancient hillfort of Livs was used by the German knights for the building of Aizkraukle Castle in the Middle Ages, of which some ruins still remain. Before World War I, the settlement that stood on the site of modern-day Aizkraukle was known by its German name of Ascheraden.

The modern town was established in 1961 as a settlement to house the builders of the nearby hydroelectric power plant of Pļaviņas.[1] It was originally called Stučkas[2] (or "Стучка", Stuchka[3] and "имени Петра Стучки", imeni Petra Stuchki[1] in Russian), for Pēteris Stučka, a Latvian communist.[1] Town status was granted to it in 1967,[1][2] which is also when it became the administrative center of Stučkas District.[citation needed] In 1990, it was renamed Aizkraukle, after the nearest railway station.[1] The name literally means beyond the Kraukle River.[1]

Economy[edit]

General industries in the area include power generation, woodworking, printing, and agriculture.

In 2004 Aizkraukle was awarded "The tidiest town in Latvia 2004" in its size group.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Pospelov, p. 24
  2. ^ a b Latvijas PSR Administratīvi Teritoriālais Iedalījums, p. 47
  3. ^ Latvijas PSR Administratīvi Teritoriālais Iedalījums, p. 118

Sources[edit]

  • Е. М. Поспелов (Ye. M. Pospelov). "Имена городов: вчера и сегодня (1917–1992). Топонимический словарь." (City Names: Yesterday and Today (1917–1992). Toponymic Dictionary." Москва, "Русские словари", 1993.
  • Latvijas PSR Augstakās Padomes Prezidija Padomju Darba Jautājumu Daļa. Latvijas PSR Administratīvi Teritoriālais Iedalījums. 1978. gads. Izdevnieciba "Liesma", Riga 1978.