Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Aizu-Wakamatsu)
Jump to: navigation, search
Aizuwakamatsu
会津若松市
City
Aizuwakamatsu skyline
Aizuwakamatsu skyline
Flag of Aizuwakamatsu
Flag
Official seal of Aizuwakamatsu
Seal
Location of Aizuwakamatsu in Fukushima Prefecture
Location of Aizuwakamatsu in Fukushima Prefecture
Aizuwakamatsu is located in Japan
Aizuwakamatsu
Aizuwakamatsu
 
Coordinates: 37°18′N 139°33′E / 37.300°N 139.550°E / 37.300; 139.550Coordinates: 37°18′N 139°33′E / 37.300°N 139.550°E / 37.300; 139.550
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Fukushima Prefecture
Government
 • - Mayor Ichirō Kanke
Area
 • Total 383.03 km2 (147.89 sq mi)
Population (September 2014)
 • Total 122,715
 • Density 321/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Japanese Red Pine
- Flower Common Hollyhock
- Bird Common cuckoo
Phone number 0242-39-1111
Address 3-46 Higashisakaemachi, Aizuwakamatsu-shi, Fukushima-ken 965-8601
Website Official website
Aizuwakamatsu City Hall
Higashiyama Onsen

Aizuwakamatsu (会津若松市 Aizuwakamatsu-shi?) is a city located in Fukushima Prefecture, in northern Honshū, Japan. As of September 2014, the city had an estimated population of 122,715 and a population density of 321 persons per km².[1] The total area was 383.03 km².

Geography[edit]

Mount Iimori

Aizuwakamatsu is located in the western part of Fukushima Prefecture, in the southeast part of Aizu basin. The main transport hub is Aizu Wakamatsu Station.

Mountains[edit]

Rivers[edit]

Lakes[edit]

Hot springs[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are 11 administrative divisions (hamlets or 大字 (ooaza?)) in the city.[2]

  • Wakamatsu
  • Machikita
  • Kouya
  • Kouzashi
  • Monden
  • Ikki
  • Higashiyama
  • Ōto
  • Minato
  • Kitaaizu
  • Kawahigashi

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Although it is located in an inland valley, Aizuwakamatsu's climate resembles that of the Hokuriku region on the Sea of Japan coast. Snowfall is very heavy during the winter at 4.78 metres (190 in), and snow cover reaches an average maximum of 0.39 metres (15.35 in) and has reached as much as 1.15 metres (45.3 in) for short periods, a figure one would usually associate with much colder regions like the Labrador Peninsula.

Climate data for Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima (1981~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
15.9
(60.6)
22.8
(73)
30.5
(86.9)
33.3
(91.9)
34.3
(93.7)
36.7
(98.1)
38.1
(100.6)
35.4
(95.7)
30.9
(87.6)
24.5
(76.1)
20.9
(69.6)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3.6
(38.5)
8.2
(46.8)
16.4
(61.5)
22.1
(71.8)
25.4
(77.7)
28.6
(83.5)
30.6
(87.1)
25.6
(78.1)
19.0
(66.2)
11.8
(53.2)
5.7
(42.3)
16.7
(62.1)
Average low °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
−1
(30)
4.2
(39.6)
10.0
(50)
15.5
(59.9)
19.5
(67.1)
20.6
(69.1)
16.3
(61.3)
9.2
(48.6)
3.1
(37.6)
−0.9
(30.4)
7.4
(45.3)
Record low °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−15.2
(4.6)
−11.9
(10.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
6.9
(44.4)
9.1
(48.4)
10.3
(50.5)
4.8
(40.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
−5.9
(21.4)
−14.4
(6.1)
−15.2
(4.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 95.3
(3.752)
71.4
(2.811)
71.7
(2.823)
64.3
(2.531)
80.0
(3.15)
110.8
(4.362)
175.8
(6.921)
134.3
(5.287)
136.9
(5.39)
100.1
(3.941)
78.9
(3.106)
93.8
(3.693)
1,213.3
(47.767)
Snowfall cm (inches) 171
(67.3)
142
(55.9)
66
(26)
5
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
6
(2.4)
83
(32.7)
473
(186.3)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 18.7 16.2 16.8 12.0 11.4 12.4 14.8 11.0 12.9 12.9 15.1 17.5 171.7
Avg. snowy days 27.0 24.3 12.3 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 12.4 77.8
 % humidity 82 79 74 67 68 73 78 76 79 80 82 83 76.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 78.5 98.8 138.2 172.7 193.6 161.9 159.8 198.7 132.1 121.1 86.8 70.7 1,612.9
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[3]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[4]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Aizuwakamatsu was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and was settled from prehistoric times. The Aizu-Otsuka Kofun within the city borders dates from the 4th century AD, and is an Important Cultural Property of Japan. During the Sengoku period and in the Edo period, the area developed as a castle town to Aizu Domain formed part of the holdings of Aizu Domain during the Edo period and was the location of the Battle of Aizu, one of the largest conflicts of the Boshin War. After the Meiji Restoration, Wakamatsu Town was created with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It became Wakamatsu City in 1899. The name was changed to Aizuwakamatsu in 1955.

Mergers[edit]

  • On April 1, 1937, a part of Machikita village (from Kitaaizu District) was merged into the city of Wakamatsu.
  • On April 1, 1951, the village of Machikita (remaining parts) (from Kitaaizu District) was later merged into Wakamatsu.
  • On January 1, 1955, 7 villages of Kitaaizu District (Kouya, Kouzashi, Monden, Ikki, Higashiyama, Ōto and Minato) were merged into Wakamatsu. And the city's name changed to "Aizuwakamatsu".
  • On April 1, 1955, a part of the town of Hongō (locality of Oya) (from Ōnuma District) was merged into Aizuwakamatsu.
  • On November 1, 2004, the village of Kitaaizu (from Kitaaizu District) was merged into Aizuwakamatsu. Therefore, Kitaaizu District was dissolved as a result of this merger.
  • On November 1, 2005, the town of Kawahigashi (from Kawanuma District) was merged into Aizuwakamatsu.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Media[edit]

Television[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

  • Fukushima Mimpō
  • Fukushima Min-Yū

Radio[edit]

  • FM Aizu

Education[edit]

Universities and colleges[edit]

Senior high schools[edit]

Public (prefectural)[edit]

  • Aizu High School (会津高等学校)
  • Aoi High School (葵高等学校)
  • Aizu Gakuhō High School (会津学鳳高等学校)
  • Wakamatsu Shōgyō High School (若松商業高等学校)
  • Aizu Kōgyō High School (若松工業高等学校)
  • Aizu Second High School (会津第二高等学校)

Private[edit]

  • Aizuwakamatsu Xaverio Gakuen High School (会津若松ザベリオ学園高等学校)
  • Wakamatsu 1st High School (若松第一高等学校)
  • Jinai High School (仁愛高等学校)

Junior high schools[edit]

Public (municipal)[edit]

  • Aizuwakamatsu First Junior High School (会津若松市立第一中学校)
  • Aizuwakamatsu Second Junior High School (会津若松市立第二中学校)
  • Aizuwakamatsu Third Junior High School (会津若松市立第三中学校)
  • Aizuwakamatsu Fourth Junior High School (会津若松市立第四中学校)
  • Aizuwakamatsu Fifth Junior High School (会津若松市立第五中学校)
  • Aizuwakamatsu Sixth Junior High School (会津若松市立第六中学校)
  • Ikki Junior High School (一箕中学校)
  • Ōto Junior High School (大戸中学校)
  • Minato Junior High School (湊中学校)
  • Kitaaizu Junior High School (北会津中学校)
  • Kawahigashi Junior High School (河東中学校)
  • Aizu Gakuhō Junior High School (会津学鳳中学校, prefectural)
    • Note: All junior high schools are municipal except for Aizu Gakuhō Junior High School.

Private[edit]

  • Aizuwakamatsu Xaverio Gakuen Junior High School (会津若松ザベリオ学園中学校)

Twinning[edit]

Japanese sister cities[edit]

International sister cities[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Aizuwakamatsu Castle

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

  • Aizu Festival

Foods[edit]

Others[edit]

Akabeko

Noted people from Aizuwakamatsu[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City website (Japanese)
  2. ^ 毎月大字別人口 (Japanese)
  3. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-26. 
  4. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-26. 
  5. ^ Hubei provincial government site
  6. ^ Anime News Network
  7. ^ Anime News Network

External links[edit]

Media related to Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima at Wikimedia Commons