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The main edition is published in Varanasi. The newspaper was founded by a freedom fighter named Shiv Prasad Gupta. During the days of Indian national freedom struggle, Aj not only served the cause, it also helped spread the popularity of Hindi literature among commoners in Hindi heartland and among non-Hindi areas as well. Once it was said if you want to learn Hindi "read Aj".
This newspaper was founded by Shiv Prasad Gupta and its publication from Varanasi started on 5 September 1920. Its first chief editor was Sri Prakash and Baburao Vishnu Paradkar, a noted journalist, was its editor. Another noted journalist, Ramkrishna Raghunath Khadilkar was the next chief editor from 1954-59. After Sri Prakash stepped down, Paradkar was its chief editor from 1924 to 1954. Another noted journalist, Ramkrishna Raghunath Khadilkar was the next chief editor from 1954-59. Kamalapati Tripathi also served as its chief editor. Between 1975 and 1985, six new editions of Aaj were commenced from Kanpur (1975), Patna (1979), Gorakhpur (1980), Allahabad, Agra and Ranchi (1984). In 1989, four new editions from Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Lucknow and Bareilly were started.
- Ninan, Sevanti (2007). Headlines from the Heartland: Reinventing the Hindi Public Sphere. New Delhi: Sage Publications. p. 51. ISBN 978-81-7829-741-5.
- Pandeya, Manju (2003). Hindi Patrakarita ko Marathibhashi Patrakaron ki Den (in Hindi), Mumbai:Naman Prakashan, p.53
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