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For other uses, see Ajman (disambiguation).
إمارة عجمانّ
Emirate of Ajman
Aerial view of the city of Ajman
Aerial view of the city of Ajman
Flag of Ajman
Location of Ajman in the UAE
Location of Ajman in the UAE
Coordinates: 25°25′N 55°30′E / 25.417°N 55.500°E / 25.417; 55.500Coordinates: 25°25′N 55°30′E / 25.417°N 55.500°E / 25.417; 55.500
Country United Arab Emirates (UAE)
 • Type Constitutional monarchy[citation needed]
 • Emir Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi
Population (2008)
 • Total 361,160
Time zone UAE Standard Time (UTC+4)
ISO 3166 code AE-AJ

Ajman (Arabic: عجمانʿAǧmān) is one of the seven emirates constituting the United Arab Emirates (UAE). With an area of just 260 square kilometres (100 sq mi), Ajman is the smallest emirate by area. Its seat of government is Ajman, which is bordered on its north, south, and east by Sharjah.[1]

Located along the Persian Gulf, Ajman also controls Masfut, a small, inland exclave that is primarily agricultural. Approximately 95% of the population of the emirate resides in the city of Ajman, which forms part of the Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area. The population was only 36,000 in 1980 but grew considerably in recent years, due to an influx of people from the neighbouring emirates of Dubai, Sharjah, and other countries. Ajman is ruled by Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi of the Al Nuaimi tribe. The Crown Prince of the Emirate is Sheikh Ammar bin Humaid Al Nuaimi. Ajmān has experienced massive development and a construction boom in recent years.[2]


While there is a known Ajami tribe extant in modern Saudi Arabia, the name of the city and Emirate of Ajman could also come from the Arabic 'Ajm', or 'Persians' or alternatively a diminuitive of Oman 'Ayman'.


The foundation of Ajman has been traced to 1810, when Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuami and his followers took the coastal settlement of Ajman from members of the Al Bu Shams tribe in a short conflict.[3]

A British maritime survey of 1822 noted that Ajman had one of the best backwaters on the coast and was a small town with a single fortified building, the Ruler's house. In common with many other coastal towns on what became the Trucial Coast, the population was mobile depending on the season and there were as many as fourteen to seventeen hundred men of the 'Mahamee' tribe during the pearl season, many of whom would travel to Buraimi in the date season. The survey notes that Rashid bin Ahmed considered himself independent of Sharjah but that Sharjah did not maintain that view and yet had no power over Ajman.[4]

The 1822 survey also noted that the inhabitants of Ajman were 'mostly strict Wahhabis' and the presence, along the shore from Ajman town, of the ruined village of Fasht, today the Sharjah suburb of Fisht.

On 8 Januay 1820, following the sack of Ras Al Khaimah by a British force led by Sir WG Keir, Sheikh Sultan bin Saqr of Sharjah signed the General Maritime Treaty with Britain, surrendering the towers, guns and vessels of Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain and their dependencies. At first refusing the primacy of Sultan bin Saqr, Ajman capitulated in 1823.[5]

In 1831, the Sheikh of Ajman accepted a subsidy from the Imam of Muscat to join with Sultan bin Saqr of Sharjah against Sohar, but following Sultan's deafeat declared for Sohar. In his absence, a part of Bani Yas from Abu Dhabi sacked Ajman town and its date groves.[5] A subsequent action by the forces of Ajman 'commits daring depradations' upon Sohar and Muscat. When called upon to provide redress for the actions of his 'subject', Sultan bin Saqr disavowed any authority over Ajman and in 1832 a British naval force was sent to Ajman to obtain redress for the raids on the East Coast cities.[6] Ending a conflict between Sharjah, Ajman and Dubai on the one hand and Abu Dhabi on the other, Ajman (together with the other parties) signed the 1835 Maritime Treaty in its own right.[6]

In 1840, Humaid bin Obeid bin Subt of Al Heera invaded Ajman supported by a body of the Bani Naeem. Although initially reluctant to assist Humeid bin Rashid, Sultan bin Suggur of Sharjah sent his son Suggur who, together with Maktoum of Dubai, ejected the invaders and sacked Al Heera in reprisal.

In 1843 a further Maritime Treaty was signed between the Trucial Sheikhs and the British and then, on the 4th May 1853, A Perpetual Treaty of Peace was entered into by the coastal Sheikhs, including Ajman. A copy of this treaty is on display in Ajman Museum. A further treaty of 1892 bound the Trucial States to Britain.

By the 20th Century, Lorimer's survey of the coast of the Trucial States showed Ajman to be a small town of some 750 inhabitants (Dubai at the time numbered over 10,000 souls).[7]

On 2 December 1971, Ajman, under Sheikh Rashid bin Humayd Al Nuaimi, joined the United Arab Emirates.


Its rulers were:

  • 1810-1816 Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi
  • 1816 – 1838 Sheikh Rashid bin Ahmed Al Nuaimi (d. 1838)
  • 1838 – 1841 Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi (1st time) (d. 1873)
  • 1841 – 1848 Sheikh `Abd al–`Aziz I ibn Rashid Al Nuaimi (d. 1848)
  • 1848 – 1873 Sheikh Humaid II bin Rashid Al Nuaimi (2nd time)
  • 1873 – April 1891 Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi (d. 1891)
  • April 1891 – 8 July 1900 Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi (d. 1900)
  • 8 July 1900 – February 1910 Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Humaid Al Nuaimi (b. 18.. – d. 1910)
  • February 1910 – January 1928 Sheikh Humaid bin Abdulaziz Al Nuaimi
  • January 1928 – 6 September 1981 Sheikh Rashid ibn Humaid Al Nuaimi (b. 1904 – d. 1981)
  • 6 September 1981 – present Sheikh Humaid ibn Rashid Al Nuaimi (b. 1931)

Higher Education in Ajman[edit]

Ajman University of Science and Technology is the principle higher education institution in Ajman, with colleges offering specialisations in engineering, information technology, dentistry, mass communication, pharmacy and health sciences, business administration, environment, water and energy, education and law. Consisting of two clusters, J1 (25 lecture halls and 23 laboratories) and J2 (56 lecture halls and 56 laboratories), the university includes a teaching hospital for both dental and medical specialisations.[8]

The Gulf Medical University (GMU), previously Gulf Medical College, was awarded university status in July 2008 after an order issued by Shaikh Nahyan Bin Mubarak Al Nahyan, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Its Hospital Group is the largest healthcare provider in the UAE.[9] The Gulf Medical University offers both Undergraduate and Graduate Programs.

Ajman development boom[edit]

After the success of freehold property in Dubai, Ajman was the second emirate to offer freehold property.[10] Ajman is currently the only emirate in the UAE offering investors of any nationality fully transparent true 100% freehold ownership on real estate, which in turn has attracted a huge number of investors (local and international) to this emirate. This in turn has prompted the Ajman government to initiate a number of development projects. New Ajman was the name given to the area being developed outside of the current Ajman city, located by the Emirates Road. New Ajman was supposed to consist of many new developments and projects envisioned by Chief of Municipality Sheikh Rashid Al Nuaimi. One of the first developments of New Ajman is called "The Emirates City", a brand new city located directly on the Emirates Road to be built from scratch and consisting of more than 100 mid- and high-rise buildings. A number of shopping malls, hotels and residential villas were also planned to eventually extend all the way to the 'Al Zoura' area, where beachside developments were planned. Almost none of these projects ever got started.[11]

The construction of Ajman International Airport began in the second half of 2008 in the Al Manama area of the Ajman, but is at a standstill today. Airport operations were scheduled to begin by 2011, and the airport was expected to host about two million passengers per year. The airport is now projected to be completed by 2015. Work however has not resumed as of 2011, and it is doubtful it will be completed in the foreseeable future. [12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]

List of planned developments[edit]

Following is a list of once planned freehold developments in Ajman, although most real estate projects may be considerably delayed or cancelled, due to the financial crisis of 2007–2010.[20][21][22][23][24][25] That has also caused property prices to fall considerably throughout the United Arab Emirates, including in Ajman.[26]

  • Ajman Green City (never built)
  • Ajman One (delayed, scaled down)
  • Ajman Marina (never built)
  • Ajman Pearl (delayed, scaled down)
  • Ajman Uptown (delayed for years)
  • Al Ameera Village (never built)
  • Al Humaid City (never built)
  • Al Ittihad Village (never built)
  • Al Zorah (never built)
  • Amber Islands[27] (never built)
  • Aqua City (never built)
  • Awali City (never built)
  • Emirates City (delayed for years, no infrastructure started)
  • Emirates Lake Towers (never built)
  • Escape Equestrian Community (never built)
  • Eye of Ajman (Ain Ajman) (never built)
  • Marmooka City (never built)
  • Park View (never built)

Impact of visa regulation changes & the 2007–2010 financial crisis[edit]

Most if not all of these projects came to an abrupt standstill in 2008. Since then foreign investors have urged the Ajman government to return their investments.[citation needed] Unlike Dubai's investors, most Ajman investors come from the middle classes of India, Pakistan and Iran.[citation needed] The apparent promise of a residence visa with the purchase of a home induced them to spend their life's savings on one of these off-plan flats. In 2008 the central government of the UAE brought these hopes to an end by clarifying that no residence visas would be issued to property investors. With this announcement for a lot of these investors their investment dramatically lost value.[citation needed]

Ajman Real Estate Regulatory Agency[edit]


The APTA chairman said there were 1,600 taxis operated by four companies in Ajman. The basic tariff is Dh10, during the day and evening base fare is at Dh4.[28]


Ajman Club is a football club based in Ajman.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ajman (City and Emirate) – TEN Guide (UAE)". Guide.theemiratesnetwork.com. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "Ajman now top target of property investors". Gulf News. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Wilson, Graeme (2010). Rashid: Portrait of a Ruler. UK: Media Prima. p. 12. ISBN 9789948152880. 
  4. ^ Schofield, R (1990). Islands and Maritime Boundaries of the Gulf 1798–1960. UK: Archive Editions. p. 543. ISBN 9781852072759. Check |isbn= value (help). 
  5. ^ a b Schofield, R (1990). Islands and Maritime Boundaries of the Gulf 1798–1960. UK: Archive Editions. p. 133. ISBN ISBN 9781852072759. Check |isbn= value (help). 
  6. ^ a b Schofield, R (1990). Islands and Maritime Boundaries of the Gulf 1798–1960. UK: Archive Editions. pp. 134–135. ISBN 9781852072759. 
  7. ^ Lorimer, John G (1908). Gazeteer of the Persian Gulf Oman & Central Arabia. Bombay: Government of India. pp. 1433–1451. 
  8. ^ "Ajman University Campus". Ajman University of Science & Technology. Retrieved November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Medical university hails decade of success". Gulfnews.com. 6 November 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  10. ^ History of Freehold Property in the United Arab Emirates (Dubai) – TEN Real Estate
  11. ^ "Middle East to be central link in world's first regional airport network". AME Info. 1 May 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "Gulf News – Ajman to set up international airport". Archive.gulfnews.com. 14 November 2001. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  13. ^ "Ajman to build international airport". Zawya. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "$3.3bn Ajman airport". AME Info. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  15. ^ "Ajman airport construction to begin next year - Transport". ArabianBusiness.com. 2007-12-16. Retrieved 2012-06-12. 
  16. ^ GWNews_Gen_v1.3. "Ajman to start operations of international airport by 2011". GoWealthy.com. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  17. ^ "Airport planned on outskirts of Ajman". Khaleej Times. 20 February 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  18. ^ "Ajman Ruler views the design of the proposed Ajman International Airport". BreitBart.com. 16 December 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  19. ^ "GulfNews.com – Ajman airport could handle 1m passengers by 2011". Archive.gulfnews.com. 16 December 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  20. ^ TEN Real Estate [UAE] – List of developments Ajman Freehold Properties – Property Developments
  21. ^ The NationalAjman continues with plans despite utility pressure
  22. ^ The NationalProperty slowdown hits Ajman’s frontier
  23. ^ The NationalA forest of towers in Ajman is a lesson of how not to do it
  24. ^ The NationalAjman, where trust in developers is at a premium
  25. ^ The NationalWorried investors in Ajman lobby ARRA
  26. ^ Gulf NewsLow rates make Ajman property attractive
  27. ^ "cwc gulf international > amber islands development ajman". Cwcgulf.com. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  28. ^ Now Ajman Joins Sharjah in Hiking Taxi Fares

External links[edit]