|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|(19α)-16,17-didehydro- 19-methyloxayohimban- 16-carboxylic acid methyl ester|
|(what is this?)|
Ajmalicine, also known as δ-yohimbine or raubasine, is an antihypertensive drug used in the treatment of high blood pressure. It has been marketed under numerous brand names including Card-Lamuran, Circolene, Cristanyl, Duxil, Duxor, Hydroxysarpon, Iskedyl, Isosarpan, Isquebral, Lamuran, Melanex, Raunatin, Saltucin Co, Salvalion, and Sarpan. It is also an alkaloid found naturally in various plants such as Rauwolfia spp., Catharanthus roseus, and Mitragyna speciosa.
Ajmalicine is structurally related to yohimbine, rauwolscine, and other yohimban derivatives. Like corynanthine, it acts as a α1-adrenergic receptor antagonist with preferential actions over α2-adrenergic receptors, underlying its hypotensive rather than hypertensive effects.
- Wink, Michael; Roberts, M. W. (1998). Alkaloids: biochemistry, ecology, and medicinal applications. New York: Plenum Press. ISBN 0-306-45465-3.
- Kurz WG, Chatson KB, Constabel F et al. (May 1981). "Alkaloid Production in Catharanthus roseus Cell Cultures VIII1". Planta Medica 42 (5): 22–31. doi:10.1055/s-2007-971541. PMID 17401876.
- León F, Habib E, Adkins JE, Furr EB, McCurdy CR, Cutler SJ (July 2009). "Phytochemical characterization of the leaves of Mitragyna speciosa grown in U.S.A". Natural Product Communications 4 (7): 907–10. PMID 19731590.
- Roquebert J, Demichel P (October 1984). "Inhibition of the alpha 1 and alpha 2-adrenoceptor-mediated pressor response in pithed rats by raubasine, tetrahydroalstonine and akuammigine". European Journal of Pharmacology 106 (1): 203–5. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(84)90698-8. PMID 6099269.
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