Ajoy Kumar Ghosh (Bengali: অজয়কুমার ঘোষ) (20 February 1909–13 January 1962) was a prominent leader of the Communist Party of India. In 1934, he was elected to the Central Committee of the CPI and in 1936 he was elected to its Polit Bureau. In 1938, he became the member of the editorial board of the Party's mouthpiece, the National Front. He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India from 1951 till his death in 1962. He was leading the Communist Party of India during the China-India war in 1962 and supported China's position instead of India's. He was the prominent person in the centrist faction before the split of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from the Communist Party of India.