Location of Akçaabat within Turkey.
|• Mayor||Şefik Türkmen (AKP)|
|• District||353.66 km2 (136.55 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• District density||320/km2 (830/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Akçaabat is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located on the east of the city of Trabzon. It covers an area of 385 km² and the elevation is 10 m. The town has an estimated population of 48,315 (2007). Akçaabat is a coastal town famous for its local soccer team Akçaabat Sebatspor, its traditional dish Akçaabat köfte (a variant of kofta) and its unique dance of Akçaabat Horonu. Akçaabat has hosted an international folklore festival since 1990, and it was a venue for Archery and Athletics competitions of the First Black Sea Games held in 2007.
The first settlers of the town came from Aegean shores and named the town "Platana" because of the abundance of plane trees (Greek Plàtanos, Πλάτανος, Latin Platanus). Later on, the name evolved into Pulathane, meaning "the land of iron". According to the Ottoman sources, the town center was called “Pulathane”, which belonged to the county of “Akçeabad”, meaning "the abundance of money".
The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate System classifies this climate as humid subtropical, abbreviated Cfa.
|Climate data for Akçaabat|
|Average high °C (°F)||10
|Average low °C (°F)||3
|Precipitation mm (inches)||79
|Source: Weatherbase |
Founded as a trade colony of Miletos around the 7th century BC, the town came under Persian rule around the 6th century BC. After a brief rule under Alexander the Great, Akçaabat was incorporated into the Pontus Empire established by the son of a former Persian satrap, Mithridates around 3rd century BC. After the dissolution of the Pontus Empire around 60 BC, the Romans took control of the region surrounding Trabzon. Serving as a natural port for Trabzon, Akçaabat was one of the important towns of eastern Black Sea region, and thus Pontus region of the Roman Empire.
Although attacked several times by different nations and tribes Akçaabat remained under Byzantine control until a branch of the Byzantine dynasty, Komnenos family established their own kingdom with the help of Georgian queen Tamara after the Latin capture of Constantinople in 1204. This new state, called the Empire of Trebizond, survived as a vassal kingdom under the Seljukid Empire until Sultan Mehmet II "the conqueror" of the Ottoman Empire added Trabzon to his territories in October 1461. The first battle between the Ottoman Navy and the Komnenos Navy occurred to the west of Akçaabat port, around Akçakale where the Pontus Romans lost eight ships. As Akçaabat lies to the west of Trabzon, Mehmet II used Akçaabat as his base for the final conquest of Trabzon. Akçakale tower "the White Castle" held its defense until 1468 when the Ottomans finally succeeded in their siege.
During the centuries of Ottoman rule, Akçaabat remained the main and most important town center of Trabzon after the city of Trabzon itself. After the establishment of Akçaabat municipality in 1880, Akçaabat officially gained the status of "town" according to the municipal and administrative reform of 1884 which reorganized the administrative structure in the provinces of the Ottoman Empire.
During the First World War, Tsarist Russian armies occupied Akçaabat on 20 April 1916. As the Russian forces withdrew after the Russian Revolution, Ottoman forces recaptured Akçaabat on 17 February 1918. After the establishment of Turkish Republic in 1923, Akçaabat was designated as one of the towns of the city of Trabzon according to the new administrative organization. Akçaabat has remained as the biggest town of Trabzon until today. Until 1980s Akçaabat did not witness major changes in its natural and social composition despite being the closest town to Trabzon city center, however, with the return of the German Turks people to their hometowns and flow of rural [village] population to the town center, the composition of the town center changed. The population of the town skyrocketed from 15000 in 1980s to 50000 in 2008. The unique old-style houses [Akçaabat evleri] were replaced by huge apartment blocks, the sea has been constantly filled in order to gain land to meet rising demand for expansion of inter-city roads and recreational lands. The dissolution of the USSR in 1990 brought the influx of former Soviet citizens who mainly involved in small trades and sex tourism, and this brought major changes in social composition. Added to this, the flood of June 1990, which claimed the lives of dozens of people and lots of material damage necessitated the rebuilding of the town. Today, Akçaabat is one of the most densely populated towns on the Black Sea coast.
- 700 BC: Akçaabat becomes one of the extensions of Miletos Trade Colonies.
- 312 BC: Akçaabat was incorporated to Pontus kingdom of Mithridates.
- 63 BC: Akçaabat was conquered by the Roman Empire.
- 1461: Akçaabat and Trabzon were added to Ottoman Empire territories by Mehmed II the Conqueror.
- 1810: Russian naval attack on the town was repulsed.
- 1880: Akçaabat Municipality was established.
- 1884: Akçaabat was awarded with Township according to the new regulations in administrative organization.
- 20 April 1916: Russian forces capture and occupy Akçaabat.
- 17 February 1918: Ottoman forces recapture Akçaabat.
- 1923: Akçaabat Sebatspor was founded under the name of Idman Sebatyurdu as one of the first three soccer teams from Trabzon.
- 19–20 June 1990: Akçaabat suffered a major flood due to heavy rain and flooding of the rivers.
- 2002: Akçaabat Sebatspor became the first Turkish soccer team from a town center (except the towns of Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir) promoted to Süper Lig.
Famous people from Akçaabat
- Actor: Erol Günaydın
- Footballer: Metin Aktaş, Mehmet Bölükbaşı
- Politician, Prime Minister, Minister, Member of Parliament: Hasan Saka
- Author: Hasan Izzettin Dinamo
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- "World Gazetteer - Akçaabat". Archived from the original on February 9, 2013.
- ::AKÇAABAT HABER::.. Güzel İlçemiz Akçaabat'tan Haberiniz Olsun.. [ 18. Festival Düzenlenecek ]
- The 1st Black Sea Games Calendar
- Climate Summary for Akçaabat
- "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Akcaabat, Turkey". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
- Akçaabat-H.Gedikoğlu/Akçaabat Belediyesi Kültür Yayını I
- :: Akçaabat Kaymakamligi - Trabzon ::
- District governor's official website (Turkish)
- District municipality's official website (Turkish)
- Platana (Akçaabat)