Akaflieg München Mü31
|Role||High-performance glider aircraft|
After completion of the Akaflieg München Mü30 Schlacro, students turned to the design of a new 15m-FAI racing class glider, with a maximum span of 15m (49 ft 3in), a maximum of 150 liters (40 US gallons) of water ballast and full-span flaps. Designated Akaflieg München Mü31, this glider is being designed to minimize interference drag between fuselage and wing root, with several variations being studied to select the ideal configuration:
- planar wing in midwing configuration (conventional).
- high-mounted wing with a swept wing root/fuselage transition.
- high-mounted wing with turbulent flow at the joint between wing and fuselage.
These concepts were wind-tunnel-tested in 2006. The third configuration was deemed to be best. The resulting fuselage wing joint is similar to a pylon with the wing suspended by the leading edge, leaving uninterrupted flow at the trailing edge. This layout has the advantages of:
- continuous upper wing surface
- only two intersections between fuselage and wing as opposed to four in a more conventional mounting
- turbulence created by the wing/fuselage joint does not disturb flow over the rear of the fuselage pod and boom
- approximately elliptical lift distribution can be attained, reducing induced drag significantly.
To keep construction costs low, the Mü31 will be built using components from the Schleicher ASW 27, such as the forward fuselage, rear fuselage and tail and outer wings.
Specifications and projected performance (Mü31)
Data from Mü31
- Crew: 1
- Capacity: 150 liter water ballast
- Wingspan: 15 m (49 ft 3 in)
- Wing area: 9 m2 (97 ft2)
- Aspect ratio: 25
- Wing profile: DU 89-134/14, DU 94-086 M4
- Empty weight: 240 kg (529 lb)
- Gross weight: 500 kg (1,102 lb)
- Maximum speed: 285 km/h (177 mph)
- Stall speed: 67 km/h (41 mph)