Akasha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Akasa", "Akash" and "Aakash" redirect here. For other uses, see Akasha (disambiguation).

Akasha (or Akash, Ākāśa, आकाश) is the Sanskrit word meaning "aether" in both its elemental and metaphysical senses.

Meaning in different philosophies[edit]

Hinduism[edit]

In Hinduism, Akasha means the basis and essence of all things in the material world; the first material element created from the astral world, (Akasha (Ether), Earth,Water,Fire,Air,) in sequence). It is one of the Panchamahabhuta, or "five elements"; its main characteristic is Shabda (sound). In Sanskrit the word means "space", the very first element in creation. In Hindi, Marathi and Gujarati, and many other Indian languages, the meaning of Akasha has been accepted as sky.[1]

The Nyaya and Vaisheshika schools of Hindu philosophy state that Akasha or aether is the fifth physical substance, which is the substratum of the quality of sound. It is the One, Eternal, and All Pervading physical substance, which is imperceptible.[2]

According to the Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy, Akasha is one of the five Mahābhūtas (grand physical elements) having the specific property of sound.[3]

Jainism[edit]

Akasha is space in the Jain conception of the cosmos. It falls into the Ajiva category, divided into two parts: Loakasa (the part occupied by the material world) and Aloakasa (the space beyond it which is absolutely void and empty). In Loakasa the universe forms only a part. Akasha is that which gives space and makes room for the existence of all extended substances.[4]

Buddhism[edit]

In Buddhist phenomenology Akasha is divided into limited space (ākāsa-dhātu) and endless space (ajatākasā).[5]

The Vaibhashika, an early school of Buddhist philosophy, hold Akasha's existence to be real.[6]

Ākāsa is identified as the first arūpa jhāna (arūpajhāna), but usually translates as "infinite space."[7]

Cārvākism[edit]

Adherents of the heterodox Cārvāka or Lokāyata philosophy of India hold that this world is made of four elements only. They exclude the fifth element, Akasha, because its existence cannot be perceived.[8]

Theosophy[edit]

Main article: Akashic records

The Western religious philosophy called Theosophy has popularized the word Akasha as an adjective, through the use of the term "Akashic records" or "Akashic library", referring to an ethereal compendium of all knowledge and history.

Modern Paganism[edit]

It is believed by many modern Pagans that the Akasha, Spirit, is the Fifth Element. Scott Cunningham describes the Akasha as the spiritual force that Earth, Air, Fire, and Water descend from. Some also believe that the combination of the four elements make up that which is Akasha, and that Akasha exists in every living creature in existence; without Akasha, there is no spirit, no soul, no magic.

The Five Elements are worked with to create positive changes on earth. This is done through meditation to bring about beneficial changes in one’s life. Akashan spirituality is holistic.

Practitioners learn to maintain mental and physical health through meditation, exercise, ritual and diet. They are expected to have a profound commitment to their life path.

The upward point of the pentacle, the pentagram or five pointed star within a circle, represents Akasha. The others represent Fire, Earth, Air and Water. While Earth is considered "north"; Fire is "south"; air is "east"; Water is "west", while Akasha is "center".[9]

In popular culture[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Shea Godfrey used the word "Akasha" as a term of endearment in the Bold Strokes Books lesbian romance novel Nightshade.
  • In the Horus Heresy novel Mechanicum, Book 9 of the Horus Heresy book series, the Theosophical idea of Akashic records is referenced as an underlying universal substrate which contains the secrets behind all possible forms of technology. One of the main characters in the story attempts to build a device called an Akashic Reader to access this information.[10]
  • In the book Science And The Akashic Field by Ervin Laszlo, Akasha is noted as the aether from which all matter is formed.
  • In Tsukihime and Fate/stay night visual novels, Akasha is the Root, the source and the end of everything in the universe.

Music[edit]

TV[edit]

  • In the anime series Code Geass, Charles zi Britannia, the Emperor of the Holy Britannian Empire planned to use a shrine-like building of unknown origin called the Sword of Akasha, which was described as a "weapon to defeat god". The concept of god is later discussed as the collective-unconscious of every person on earth.
  • The "Akashic field" is used in the television series Eureka. It is believed to be a field of universal knowledge and is somehow connected to the terrestrial artifact in the Global Dynamics labs.
  • In Kara no Kyoukai anime, Akasha is the Root of all existence, and is directly connected to Ryougi Shiki's "Mystic Eyes of Death Perception" and her 3rd personality.
  • In the series Fate/Zero and Fate/Stay Night, the ultimate goal of the magi is to commune with "The Akashic Record", a place or separate dimension where all of reality was originally formed, past, present and future. it is also known as the "Swirl of the Root".
  • In episode seven of season two of the TV series Charmed, entitled "They`re everywhere," the Akashic records are the basis of power for a group of knowledge-stealing warlocks.
  • In the book and film Queen of the Damned, "Akasha" is the Mother of all Vampires. Akasha is a fundamentally dark, empty, nihilistic person with no sense of morality, ethics, or human compassion; her actions are almost always based on her insatiable need to fill her own inner emptiness.

Games[edit]

  • In No More Heroes 2: Desperate Struggle for the Wii, Akashic Points are locations that lead to other planes of existence.
  • In the Super Robot Wars series of strategy video games, Akashic Buster is one of the many attacks in the repertoire of the mecha Cybuster.
  • In the Mage: The Ascension role-playing game, a group of mages calls itself the "Akashic Brotherhood".
  • In the Nephilim role-playing game, an Akasha is some kind of alternate reality bubble, whose existence and content are based on the thoughts and dreams of the humans.
  • In the Legend of the Five Rings role-playing game, the Akasha is the group consciousness of the Naga race.
  • In popular Warcraft III custom map "Defense of the Ancients", Akasha is the name of a female hero with the ability to create waves of sound that damage multiple units.
  • In Unreal Tournament III, Akasha is the name of the female Necris High Inquisitor in the single player campaign.
  • In Persona 3 and Persona 4, there is a skill that the Personae can use called "Akasha Arts", a Strike attack skill that inflicts damage on all enemies.
  • In the Square Enix game, Final Fantasy XI, Akash is a representation of the light elemental avatar, Carbuncle.
  • In the Arcana Evolved roleplaying game, Akashic is the name of a character class that taps into collective memory to gain knowledge.
  • In TERA Online, the MMORPG, Akasha (Goddess of Epidemics) is the name of a L50 final boss in Akasha's Hideout.
  • In Dota 2, a real-time, action strategy game, a playable hero is named Akasha, the Queen of Pain.
  • In Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Survivor 2, a Japanese RPG, the extradimensional being Polaris has access to and control over all the Akashic records for our universe, and can edit them (and thus the universe) at will.
  • In "Rosario + Vampire" Akasha is Moka's mother and leader of the three great dark lords.
  • In The Elder Scrolls series, the fictitious god "Akatosh" may also be a reference to Akasha.
  • In "Aion: Tower of Eternity", aether is the magical substance contained in all things, the blood of Aion himself, and the demi-gods known as Daevas are made mostly of Aether, that grants their immortality.
  • In the Oriental Adventures supplementary book for Dungeons & Dragons 3.5, Akasha is the center of Naga culture, as a communal telepathic bond, racial memory, and their concept of a divine being.
  • In the Mugen Souls Z, a character who knows everything about the universe and loves to read books uses a special skill called Akashic Library.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of World Philosophy by A. Pablo Iannone, Taylor & Francis, 2001, p. 30. ISBN 0-415-17995-5
  2. ^ Indian Metaphysics and Epistemology by Karl H. Potter, Usharbudh Arya, Motilal Banarsidass Publications, 1977, p. 71. ISBN 81-208-0309-4
  3. ^ Six Systems of Indian Philosophy; Samkhya and Yoga; Naya and Vaiseshika by F. Max Muller, Kessinger Publishing, 2003, p. 40. ISBN 0-7661-4296-5
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia of Jainism by Narendra Singh, Anmol Publications PVT. LTD., 2001, p. 1623. ISBN 81-261-0691-3
  5. ^ Buddhist Dictionary by Nyanatiloka, Buddhist Publication Society, 1998, pp. 24-35. ISBN 955-24-0019-8
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy By Oliver Leaman, Contributor Oliver Leaman, Taylor & Francis, 2001, ISBN 0-415-17281-0, pg. 476
  7. ^ The Ideas and Meditative Practices of Early Buddhism By Tilmann Vetter, Brill: Leiden, 1988. pg. 65
  8. ^ The Tale of Carvaka by Manga Randreas, Mangalakshmi Ravindram, iUniverse, 2005, ISBN 0-595-34955-2, pg, 270
  9. ^ Earth, Air, Fire & Water, Scott Cunningham (Llewellyn, 1995)
  10. ^ McNeill, Graham (2008). Mechanicum: war comes to Mars (mass market paperback). Horus Heresy [book series] 9. Cover art & illustration by Neil Roberts; illustration by Adrian Wood (1st UK ed.). Nottingham, UK: Black Library. pp. 74–77, 156–157. ISBN 978-1-84416-664-0.  The Akashic Reader is a major plot device, mentioned over two dozen times throughout the novel.

External links[edit]