Agattiyam

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Topics in Sangam literature
Sangam literature
Akattiyam Tolkāppiyam
Patiṉeṇmēlkaṇakku
Eṭṭuttokai
Aiṅkurunūṟu Akanaṉūṟu
Puṟanāṉūṟu Kalittokai
Kuṟuntokai Naṟṟiṇai
Paripāṭal Patiṟṟuppattu
Pattuppāṭṭu
Tirumurukāṟṟuppaṭai Kuṟiñcippāṭṭu
Malaipaṭukaṭām Maturaikkāñci
Mullaippāṭṭu Neṭunalvāṭai
Paṭṭiṉappālai Perumpāṇāṟṟuppaṭai
Poruṇarāṟṟuppaṭai Ciṟupāṇāṟṟuppaṭai
Patiṉeṇkīḻkaṇakku
Nālaṭiyār Nāṉmaṇikkaṭikai
Iṉṉā Nāṟpatu Iṉiyavai Nāṟpatu
Kār Nāṟpatu Kaḷavaḻi Nāṟpatu
Aintiṇai Aimpatu Tiṉaimoḻi Aimpatu
Aintinai Eḻupatu Tiṉaimalai Nūṟṟu Aimpatu
Tirukkuṛaḷ Tirikaṭukam
Ācārakkōvai Paḻamoḻi Nāṉūṟu
Ciṟupañcamūlam Mutumoḻikkānci
Elāti Kainnilai
Tamil people
Sangam Sangam landscape
Tamil history from Sangam literature Tamil literature
Ancient Tamil music Sangam society
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Agattiyam(Tamil: அகத்தியம்), according to mentions in Sangam Literature, was the first known book on Tamil grammar. This was supposedly written by the sage Agathiyar, and believed to be lost beyond redemption.

The sage Agathiyar, according to Hindu legends, brought the Tamil language and its syntax to the Tamil people from the god Siva.

Tolkappiyar (epithet), the author of Tolkappiyam, which is believed to be the oldest extant Tamil grammar, is held to be a disciple of Agathiyar.

Mentions in Sangam Legends[edit]

According to the Sangam Legends, Agastya was a participant in the first Tamil Sangam. This session was held at Then Madurai (South Madurai) on the banks of the river vaigai under the patronage of a Pandya king called Ma Kirti. Agathiyar convened this session and wrote Agattiyam. Agathiyar is said to have had twelve students. Chief among them was Tolkappiyar, a member of the second Sangam. Little is known about the First Sangam. None of the writings attributed to this Sangam are present in their

References[edit]

  • Mudaliyar, Singaravelu A., Apithana Cintamani, An encyclopaedia of Tamil Literature, (1931) - Reprinted by Asian Educational Services, New Delhi (1983)
  • http://www.tamilnation.org/literature/