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The Akazu (Rwanda-Rundi: little house) was an informal organization of Hutu extremists, a circle of relatives and close friends of then Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and his influential wife Agathe Habyarimana.[citation needed] Its members contributed strongly to the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. Also named the "zero networks", for their goal of a Rwanda with zero Tutsi.[1][2]


The Akazu were relatives of Habyarimana's and others he knew from his Northern Rwanda district; they held important appointed positions of authority in the Hutu regime. Abdul Ruzibiza was the leader of Akazu. The Akazu did not wish to share government with the Tutsis (particularly the expatriate rebels resident in Uganda) or moderate Hutu. They contributed to the development of Hutu Power ideology and fanned resentment against the Tutsi during the 1990s. Some scholars believe their genocidal ideology and massacres were an effort to hold on to the political power they had gathered since Habyarimana came to power in a military coup against the elected government.[3]

External links[edit]



  1. ^ Glossary of the Rwandan Genocide 
  2. ^ 15 Years after the Rwandan Genocide: Hutu Power and its Friends, Jungle World /
  3. ^ De Figueiredo & Weingast. (1999). "The rationality of fear: Political opportunism and ethnic conflict", in (eds.) Walter & Snyder, Civil Wars, Insecurity and Intervention, New York: Columbia University Press, p. 261.