Akbar Bugti

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Nawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti
Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti
13th Governor of Balochistan
In office
15 February 1973 – 3 January 1974
Preceded by Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo
Succeeded by Ahmad Yar Khan
5th Chief Minister of Balochistan
In office
4 February 1989 – 6 August 1990
Preceded by Jam Ghulam Qadir Khan
Succeeded by Taj Muhammad Jamali
19th Tumandar of the Bugti Tribe
Preceded by Nawab Mehrab Khan Bugti
Succeeded by Nawab Brahamdagh Khan Bugti
Personal details
Born (1927-07-12)12 July 1927
Barkhan, Barkhan District, Balochistan
Died 26 August 2006(2006-08-26) (aged 79)
Kohlu, Balochistan
Political party Jamhoori Watan Party
Residence Dera Bugti, Balochistan
Profession Tumandar of Bugti Tribe, politician
Religion Sunni Muslim

Akbar Khan Bugti (Urdu, Balochi: نواب اکبر شهباز خان بگٹی) (12 July 1927 – 26 August 2006) was the Tumandar (head) of the Bugti tribe of Baloch and served as Minister of State for Interior and Governor of Balochistan Province in Pakistan.[1]

After a wave of armed struggle started in Balochistan in 2004, Bugti was widely perceived as the leader but went underground in 2005. On 26 August 2006, he was killed in his cave in Kohlu, about 150 miles east of Quetta, leading to widespread unrest in the area.[2]

Early life and family[edit]

Bugti, meeting with Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

Nawab Akbar Khan was born in Barkhan the rural home of the Khetran a Baloch tribe to which his mother belonged and now a district of Balochistan, on 12 July 1927. He was the son of Nawab Mehrab Khan Bugti and a grandson of Sir Shahbaz Khan Bugti.[3] He received his early education from Aitchison College.[4][unreliable source?]

Balochistan conflict[edit]

Bugti was involved in struggles, at times armed ones, in Balochistan in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. He led the current movement in Balochistan for greater autonomy. He was the public face and provided political support for the movement while his grandson, Brahamdagh Khan Bugti, led the Bugti tribesmen.[5]

In recent years, he was accused by the Pakistani government of being a warlord and running a well-organized militia, sometimes thought to be the shadowy Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) with members numbering in the thousands. The BLA allegedly ran dozens of militant guerrilla training camps. While campaigning from the mountain ranges of Dera Bugti, he was, according to the Pakistani government, directing a "Mullah Omar" style guerrilla war. In July 2006, Pakistani President General Pervez Musharraf targeted him through aerial bombing, using air force jets and gunship helicopters. The leader of Balochistan National Party, Sardar Akhtar Mengal said, "The increase in bomb attacks in the Bugti and Marri areas are meant to target Baloch nationalist leader Nawab Akbar Bugti and his associates" and called upon the international community to take note of the situation.[6]

Death[edit]

On Saturday 26 August 2006, Bugti was killed when a shell exploded in the cave in which his camp was set.[7][8][9]

Aftermath[edit]

Funeral and rioting[edit]

Bugti's death was followed by rioting by thousands of students from the state-run Balochistan University and other Balochs. [10] The government deployed Rangers and paramilitary forces across major cities to prevent a backlash and impose a curfew in the provincial capital, Quetta.[10] Security arrangements for the Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf were beefed up to the highest level, and his movements were very restricted, fearing a retaliatory attack. Security arrangements were further enhanced in and around all airports of Pakistan. The media both in Pakistan and outside severely condemned the killing as the "[m]ilitary's second biggest blunder after Bhutto's execution" and calling it a "political nightmare".[11] Others have linked it to the East Bengal crisis of 1971 where military violence eventually led to the Bangladesh Liberation War.[12]

On 1 September 2006 Bugti was buried in Dera Bugti with three locks on his coffin, next to the graves of his son and brother. His family, who wanted a public funeral in Quetta, did not attend the burial, they protested against his body being locked in the coffin.[13]

On 26 September 2010 Abdul Qayyum Khan Jatoi, a senior Pakistan federal minister criticised and accused the army of killing of Baloch leader Nawab Akbar Bugti in a raid in 2006. He was later made to resign following this disclosure.[14]

Investigation and prosecution[edit]

On 11 July 2012 a Pakistani anti-terrorism court at Sibi in Balochistan province issued arrest warrants for former military ruler Pervez Musharraf and several others who were accused of involvement in the killing of Akbar Bugti in 2006.[15] The warrants were issued by Judge Muhammad Nawaz Khan of the anti-terrorism court at Sibi in Balochistan province. The arrest warrants were issued for Pervez Musharraf, former Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, former interior minister Aftab Ahmed Khan Sherpao, former Balochistan Governor Owais Ghanni, former chief minister Jam Yusuf, former provincial home minister Shoaib Nosherwani and former deputy commissioner Abdul Samad Lasi. All of them were named as suspects in an FIR registered by police regarding the killing of Bugti in a military operation that was ordered by Musharraf.[15] Musharraf was formally arrested by a police team from Balochistan on 13 June 2013.[16]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Matheson, Sylvia A. The Tigers of Balochistan. London: Arthure Barker Limited (1967). Reprint: Oxford University Press, Karachi (1998), ISBN 0-19-577763-8.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Banerjee, Paula; Chaudhury, Sabyasachi Basu Ray; Das, Samir Kumar; Adhikari, Bishnu (2005). Internal Displacement in South Asia: The Relevance of the UN's Guiding Principles. SAGE. ISBN 0-7619-3313-1. 
  2. ^ LONDON: protest against Martyrdom of Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti – News – News – BALOCHWARNA
  3. ^ "Turning a fight into a war". The Economist. 29 June 2006. 
  4. ^ Schmidle, Nicholas (1 April 2007). "Waiting for the prosperity: Baluchistan, 2006". Virginia Quarterly Review. Retrieved 6 May 2009. "He got a kick out of peddling myths to wide-eyed foreign correspondents—such as the one that he went to Oxford or that he killed his first man at age eleven, both of which are false but appear regularly in stories about him." 
  5. ^ PakNationalists.com
  6. ^ "Baloch air strikes aimed at nationalist leaders: Mengal" – The Hindu, 10 July 2006
  7. ^ Pakistan Daily Times
  8. ^ "Lonely burial for Baloch leader". BBC. 1 September 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  9. ^ Sattar, Abdul (28 August 2006). "Killing of Pakistani tribal chief sparks fury and fears of war". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "Unrest after Pakistan rebel death" – BBC News, 27 August 2006
  11. ^ "Media slams killing of Nawab Bugti" – Press Trust of India, The Indian Express, 29 August 2006
  12. ^ "India, Baloch put Mush under pressure". Parul Malhotra, CNN IBN, 28 August 2006
  13. ^ "Lonely burial for Baloch leader". BBC News. 1 September 2006. Archived from the original on 4 October 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2006. 
  14. ^ "Pakistan minister resigns after accusing army of killings". The Guardian (London). 26 September 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "Pak court issues arrest warrant for Musharraf in Bugti case". The Times of India. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  16. ^ "Musharraf formally arrested in Bugti murder case". Retrieved 13 June 2013. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Portrait

Video and audio[edit]

Preceded by
Nawab Shahbaz Khan Bugti
Nawab Mehrab Khan Bugti
Tumandar of Bugti Tribe Succeeded by
Nawab Brahamdagh Khan Bugti
Political offices
Preceded by
Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo
Governor of Balochistan
1973–1974
Succeeded by
Ahmad Yar Khan
Preceded by
Khuda Bux Marri
Chief Minister of Balochistan
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Mir Humayun Khan Marri