Akebono Tarō

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In this Japanese name, the family name is "Akebono".
Akebono Tarō
曙太郎
SumoAkebono.jpg
Personal information
Born Chad Rowan
(1969-05-08) 8 May 1969 (age 45)
Waimānalo, Hawai'i, U.S.
Height 203 cm (6 ft 8 in)
Weight 233 kg (514 lb; 36 st 10 lb)
Web presence website
Career
Stable Azumazeki
Record 654-232-181
Debut March 1988
Highest rank Yokozuna (27 January 1993)[1]
Retired January 2001
Championships 11 (Makuuchi)
Special Prizes Outstanding Performance (4)
Fighting Spirit (2)
Gold Stars 4 (Asahifuji (2), Onokuni,
Hokutoumi)
* Up to date as of August 2007.

Akebono Tarō (曙 太郎 Akebono Tarō?, born 8 May 1969 as Chad Haaheo Rowan)[2] is an American-born professional wrestler and former sumo wrestler from Waimānalo, Hawaii. Joining the professional sport in Japan in 1988, he was trained by pioneering Hawaiian sumo wrestler Takamiyama and rose swiftly up the rankings, reaching the top division in 1990. After two consecutive yusho or tournament championships in November 1992 and January 1993 he made history by becoming the first non-Japanese-born wrestler ever to reach yokozuna, the highest rank in sumo.

One of the tallest and heaviest wrestlers ever, Akebono's rivalry with the young Japanese hopefuls, Takanohana and Wakanohana, was a big factor in the increased popularity of sumo at tournament venues and on TV in the early 1990s.[3] During his eight years at the yokozuna rank, Akebono won a further eight tournament championships, for a career total of eleven, and was a runner-up on thirteen other occasions, despite suffering several serious injuries. Although his rival yokozuna Takanohana won more tournaments in this period, their individual head-to-heads remained very close.

Akebono became a Japanese citizen in 1996, and after retiring in 2001 he worked as a coach at Azumazeki stable before leaving the Sumo Association in 2003. After an unsuccessful period as a K-1 fighter, he is now a professional wrestler, signed to the All Japan Pro Wrestling promotion. He is a former one-time Triple Crown Heavyweight Champion, one-time World Tag Team Champion and a two-time All Asia Tag Team Champion.

Early life[edit]

Chad Rowan was born on 8 May 1969 to Randolph and Janice Rowan.,[2] and is of partial white descent. He grew up with two younger brothers,[2] one of whom, Ola, also became a sumo wrestler for a brief period after Chad. He attended Kaiser High School, where he played basketball and became an All-Star center.[2] He went to Hawaii Pacific University on a basketball scholarship, but sat out his freshman season.[2]

Sumo career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Rowan was planning to study for a career in hotel management,[4] but he had always been interested in sumo from watching television broadcasts, and a family friend introduced him to Azumazeki Oyakata, the former Takamiyama, who also originally hailed from Hawaiʻi.[4] Azumazeki overcame his initial concerns that Rowan might be too tall and his legs too long for sumo, and agreed to let him join his Azumazeki stable, founded in 1986. Rowan flew to Japan in early 1988. Adopting the shikona of Akebono, meaning "new dawn" in Japanese,[5] he made his professional debut in March 1988.[6] This entry cohort was one of the most successful ever, producing two other yokozuna, Takanohana and Wakanohana (sons of the popular champion from the 1970s, Takanohana Kenshi), as well as a great ōzeki, Kaiō.[7]

Akebono rose rapidly through the ranks, equaling the record for the most consecutive kachi-koshi (majority of wins in a sumo championship) from debut, reaching sekiwake before suffering his first make-koshi losing record. He was promoted to jūryō in March 1990, the first sekitori from his stable, and to makuuchi in September of the same year.[8] He made his top division debut in the same tournament as Wakanohana, as well as Takatōriki and Daishōyama. In the November 1990 tournament he was awarded his first special prize, for Fighting Spirit, and in January 1991 he earned his first gold star for defeating yokozuna Asahifuji. In March 1991 he defeated ōzeki Konishiki in the first ever match between two non-Japanese wrestlers in the top division.[4]

Promotion[edit]

In 1992, after a year of 8-7 or 7-8 records near the top of the makuuchi division, Akebono suddenly came alive with a 13-2 record in January of that year, narrowly losing the top division championship to Takanohana.[9] A second 13-2 record two tournaments later, in May, saw him win the top division championship for the first time, and with it promotion to ōzeki.[9] After an injury during the summer, he went on to win consecutive championships in November 1992 and January 1993 to win promotion to yokozuna.[9] At the time of his promotion, the rank of yokozuna had been vacant for 8 months (an exceedingly rare occurrence) and his promotion, despite the fact that he was the first foreign yokozuna, was welcomed by many. He had met the stipulation of winning two consecutive tournaments that had been mentioned by the Yokozuna Deliberation Council when turning down Konishiki the previous year, and was also seen as having conducted himself with the dignity and humility necessary for such an exalted rank.[10] One commentator remarked, "He makes me forget he is a foreigner because of his earnest attitude towards sumo."[10]

Yokozuna era[edit]

Akebono was a long standing and strong yokozuna, lasting nearly eight years in the rank and winning the top division championship on a further eight occasions. His career highlights include the rare achievement of winning the top division championship in three consecutive tournaments, in 1993. In July 1993 he beat Takanohana and Wakanohana in consecutive matches to win the honbasho when all three ended up tied at the end of the 15 day tournament,[2] and in May 1997 he defeated Takanohana twice on the final day, once in their regular match and once in a playoff, to win his first title in over two years. The competition between Akebono and Takanohana, who reached yokozuna himself in 1995, was said to be one of the great defining rivalries of postwar sumo.[11] The two finished their careers with a 20-20 tie in bouts against one another.[12] At the opening ceremony of the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, a professional sumo wrestler was chosen to represent each of the competing countries and lead them into the stadium. After Takanohana fell ill, Akebono was given the honor of representing Japan in the opening ceremony.[13] Akebono also led other sumo wrestlers in a ring cleansing ceremony at the Opening Ceremony (also meant to cleanse the stadium itself).

Akebono was quite susceptible to injury because of his height and weight.[14] He suffered his first serious knee injury in May 1994 when, after winning his first ten matches, he lost a bout to Takatōriki and fell awkwardly. He flew to Los Angeles and underwent career-saving surgery.[15] From November 1998 to March 1999 he missed three successive tournaments due to a herniated disc in his lower back and faced calls for his retirement.[15] However, after receiving the personal backing of the Chairman of the Japan Sumo Association,[15] he scored a respectable 11-4 record in his comeback tournament in May 1999. In 2000 he enjoyed his first completely injury-free year since 1993 and won two tournaments, finishing as runner-up in three others. He won 76 bouts out of a possible 90, the best record of any wrestler that year.

Fighting style[edit]

Akebono was one of the tallest sumo wrestlers ever, at 203 cm (6 ft 8 in) tall, and also one of the heaviest with a fighting weight around 235 kg (518 lb).[6] He was also one of the most aggressive and ferocious sumo wrestlers. Despite having long legs, considered a disadvantage in sumo as it tends to make one top heavy and susceptible to throws, he covered for this by training exceptionally hard, and using his long reach to thrust his opponents out of the dohyō (ring).[15] In his prime, he had incredible thrusting strength and on many occasions would blast lesser wrestlers out of the ring in one or two strokes using tsuppari techniques.[15] His most common winning kimarite was oshi-dashi, a simple push out, and he also regularly won by tsuki-dashi, the thrust out. In later years he also used his reach to more often grab his opponent's mawashi, or belt, and then use his weight and power to force the opponent from the ring by yori-kiri. He liked a migi-yotsu, or left hand outside, right hand inside grip, and was fond of using his left hand to employ uwatenage, or overarm throw.

Retirement[edit]

After winning his eleventh top division title in November 2000,[16] he suffered another injury and, after sitting out the tournament in January 2001, he decided to retire rather than face a daunting struggle back to fighting fitness. After his retirement, he became a member (or elder) of the Japan Sumo Association as a coach, or oyakata, and worked with his former mentor in the Azumazeki stable.[14] He helped train the Mongolian wrestler Asashōryū who also became a yokozuna, and Akebono instructed him on how to perform the dohyō-iri, or yokozuna ring-entering ceremony.[15] Since retiring from sumo wrestling, Akebono has lost weight.

While an oyakata, Akebono also appeared in TV commercials and opened a restaurant called ZUNA.[17][18]

Kickboxing and MMA career[edit]

Akebono
Born Chad Rowan
(1969-05-08) May 8, 1969 (age 45)
Waimānalo, Hawai'i, U.S.
Other names Akebono
Nationality Japan Japanese
Height 6 ft 8 in (203 cm)
Weight 514 lb (233 kg; 36 st 10 lb)
Division Super Heavyweight
Style Sumo
Stance Orthodox
Fighting out of Tokyo, Japan
Team Team Yokozuna
Rank Yokozuna in Sumo
Years active 3 (2003-2006)
Kickboxing record
Total 9
Wins 1
Losses 8
By knockout 5
Draws 0
Mixed martial arts record
Total 4
Wins 0
Losses 4
By submission 3
By decision 1
Draws 0
Other information
Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog

Akebono left the Sumo Association in November 2003 to join K-1.[19] The decision was influenced by financial problems due to the failure of his restaurant, among other financial difficulties. His koenkai, or supporters network, had dissolved after his marriage in 1998, depriving him of a valuable source of income.[15] In addition, he earned far less as an oyakata than he had as a yokozuna.[15] K-1 offered him a chance to clear his debts by fighting for them.[20]

He has managed only one win in 12 bouts in K-1 and mixed martial arts career. Because of this, he has been referred to as Makebono (make meaning "lose" in Japanese) by some fight fans and magazines in Japan.[21]

Professional wrestling[edit]

World Wrestling Entertainment (2005)[edit]

On 31 March 2005, Akebono made an appearance on SmackDown to accept the Big Show's challenge to a (kayfabe) sumo match at WrestleMania 21.[22][23] Akebono made his wrestling debut later that night, defeating jobber Eddie Vegas. At WrestleMania 21, Akebono defeated the Big Show with a koshinage, throwing him entirely out of the ring.[24]

On July 1, Akebono made an appearance in a house show in Japan to help the Big Show during a match against Carlito after Carlito's bodyguard Matt Morgan had interfered. The next day, Akebono teamed with the Big Show to defeat Carlito and Morgan in a tag team match.

All Japan Pro Wrestling (2005)[edit]

Akebono (left) and his mentor, Keiji Mutoh.

On 4 August 2005, Akebono made his official wrestling debut in Japan, appearing at AJPW's WRESTLE-1 event against the Great Muta in the first match of the WRESTLE-1 Grand Prix Tournament, in a losing effort. the same month, it was announced that Akebono had been hired by AJPW and placed under the tutelage of Keiji Mutoh, the Great Muta's true identity. Akebono took on the role of Mutoh's enforcer and forming a tag team called "Mutoh Room" to combat the heel stable VOODOO-MURDERS. On November 19, Akebono defeated VOODOO-MURDERS member Giant Bernard in a singles match. The same night, Akebono appeared in a match between The Great Muta and the imposter The Great Ruta to defend Muta from VOODOO-MURDERS, showing his own Muta impersonation called The Great Bono.

Later, Akebono and Mutoh competed in the Real World Tag League 2005, during the tournament, making it all the way to the finals, but were defeated by Team 3D. At the end of the year, Akebono won the Tokyo Sports award for "Rookie of the Year" and "Team of the Year" with Mutoh, who then stated that Akebono had successfully graduated from his lessons, and was then released from his contract to move to other companies and gain experience.

New Japan Pro Wrestling (2006-2007)[edit]

On 4 January 2006, Akebono appeared in New Japan Pro Wrestling alongside Yutaka Yoshie in a match against Black Strong Machine & Hiro Saito, coming out victorious. Later that month, Akebono competed for Pro Wrestling NOAH, teaming up with his old friend Takeshi Rikio to defeat Junji Izumida & Kenta Kobashi. After the match, Akebono announced that he had been hired by NJPW and was congratulated by Rikio, promising to team again future (Which never happened due to Rikio having to retire due to his injuries in 2010.)

In February, Akebono made his official debut in New Japan as an ally of Riki Choshu, defeating then IWGP Tag Team Champions Cho-Ten (Masahiro Chono & Hiroyoshi Tenzan). On March 19, he faced Brock Lesnar for the IWGP Heavyweight Championship, but was defeated when Lesnar got the pinfall after hitting him with the title. Months later, after the championship had become vacant, Akebono participated in a tournament for it, defeating Hiroyoshi Tenzan in the first round, but being eliminated by Giant Bernard in the second.

In October, Akebono & Choshu participated in the 2006 G1 Tag League, advancing to the last round before losing to Takashi Iizuka & Yuji Nagata. In August 2007, Akebono participated in the G1 Climax tournament defeating the likes of Togi Makabe and Hiroysohi Tenzan, but coming up short in the end. In October, Akebono & Masahiro Chono competed in the 2007 G1, beating Hirooki Goto & Milano Collection AT, Naofumi Yamamoto & Takashi Iizuka and Manabu Nakanishi & Yuji Nagata, but were eliminated in the final stage by Giant Bernard & Travis Tomko. During his stay at New Japan, Akebono began to show his comedic side and began imitating and parodying other fighters. On 13 September 2006, Akebono was presented with a tiger mask and the name of Bono Tiger to team with Tiger Mask IV. On 4 March 2007, he made a brief appearance in Michinoku Pro Wrestling as The Great Bonosuke, fighting on the side of The Great Sasuke wearing the same outfit. On 17 February 2007, Akebono briefly returned to All Japan Pro Wrestling to team with Toru Owashi against Johnny Dunn & SUMO Rikishi in an extravagant match between sumos, resulting in a win for his team. After training with Satoru Sayama (the original Tiger Mask) in MMA and pro wrestling, he returned to the New Japan ring to participate in the 2007 G1 Climax tournament. He defeated Togi Makabe and Hiroyoshi Tenzan but failed to progress to the semifinal stage.[25]

HUSTLE (2007-2009)[edit]

Akebono facing down Takada Monster Army member Giant Silva.

Akebono debuted in HUSTLE in 2007, being the storyline son of Yinling and The Great Muta. Under the name Monster Bono, Akebono was introduced being unrealistically born from a giant egg (a parody of the Gobbledy Gooker in the World Wrestling Federation) before easily defeating RG in his first bout. After that, Monster Bono (who had a simple, childlike personality), under the control of his mother, entered the service of Takada Monster Army and competed against several other wrestlers in a winning streak. However, due to the constant abuse from Yinling, and wanting to meet his father, Monster Bono rebelled against it and left the Monster Army, changing his name to Bono-chan and allying with A-chan and Yoshie-chan to form a sumo-style face stable. Soon after, Yinling faced Bono-chan and demanded that he return to the Monster Army, but the outcome of the battle was a victory for Bono-chan, and Yinling (kayfabe) died under his weight. In retaliation to this, Toshiaki Kawada and Mr. Kawada (Toshiaki's elder father) scheduled a match between them and Bono and his father, The Great Muta, at Hustlemania 2008. Bono and Muta came victorious, but were attacked by The Esperanza, leading Muta to sacrifice himself to drag Esperanza to the underworld. Without his parents, Bono-chan changed his name to Bono-kun as a sign of maturity and joined the HUSTLE Army, making a promo based on that of Barack Obama campaign slogan "Yes, We HUSTLE". Later in HUSTLE Aid, before his scheduled match with Genichiro Tenryu against Arma & Geddon, Bono had a strange dream and transformed into The Great Bono, his last stage of maturity. After The Great Bono defeated their opponents with forcefulness, HUSTLE announced he was leaving to search for his father.

Dragon Gate (2008-2009)[edit]

On 21 September 2008, Akebono appeared in the Battle Royal of Dragon Gate's Storm Gate 2008 event, which was won by Akira Tozawa. Akebono made some more appearances, defeating the likes of Stalker Ichikawa, Don Fujii and Masaaki Mochizuki.[26][27] That month, Akebono, Mochizuki & Fujii agreed to form a trio called Chou Zetsurins to face the team of WORLD-1 (BxB Hulk, Masato Yoshino & PAC) for the Open the Triangle Gate Championship, but were defeated. On 14 October 2009, however, Chou Zetsurins finally won the titles,[28] and defended them until May 2010, when they were defeated by Deep Drunkers (Kzy, Takuya Sugawara & Yasushi Kanda).

ZERO1 Pro Wrestling (2009-present)[edit]

In March 2009, Akebono appeared in Pro Wrestling ZERO1 defeating Kohei Sato. Later, Akebono joined the Sword Army stable, led by Masato Tanaka. Akebono also participated in the Fire Festival 2009 defeating several other wrestlers, but failed to win in the end. After that, he formed an irregular team with Shinjiro Otani called KAZAN, which defeated Masaaki Mochizuki & Masato Tanaka in the final round of the Furinkazan tournament, as well winning the NWA Intercontinental Tag Team Championship on 24 January 2010 before vacating them on December of that year. On 3 February 2013, Akebono teamed with Daisuke Sekimoto to win the vacant titles by defeating Kohei Sato and Zeus.

Return to All Japan Pro Wrestling (2009-present)[edit]

Akebono returned to AJPW, allying himself with Ryota Hama. On 23 September 2009, Akebono and Hama, known collectively as S.M.O.P. (Super Megaton Ohzumo Powers), won the All Asia Tag Team Championship, defeating Minoru Suzuki and Nosawa Rongai. S.M.O.P. also participated in the 2009 World's Strongest Tag Determination League, finishing 5th out of 9 teams with four victories and four defeats. S.M.O.P. would only defend the title once before losing them 7 months later to VOODOO-MURDERS members Big Daddy Voodoo and TARU.[29] After that, Akebono split with Hama and became the enforcer for the group Partisan Forces (Minoru Suzuki, Masakatsu Funaki & Taiyo Kea) to continue his feud with the VOODOO-MURDERS. Partisan Forces broke up in June 2011, so Akebono reformed S.M.O.P. with Hama. After having an unsuccessful shot at KENSO & The Great Muta for the vacant World Tag Team Championship, Akebono and Hama entered a short feud with Big Daddy & MAZADA, whom they defeated on several occasions, and also competed in the 2011 Real World Tag League, receiving two more chances for the All Asia Tag Team Championship against Strong BJ (Daisuke Sekimoto and Yuji Okabayashi), lost both times. S.M.O.P. finally regained the All Asia title by defeating Strong BJ on 1 July 2012, but vacated them on 4 September 2012, due to Akebono being sidelined with pneumonia.[30] In November 2012, Akebono debuted his masked alter ego "Brazo de Bono", based on Brazo de Plata.[31] On 1 September 2013, Akebono signed a contract with All Japan, officially ending his freelancing days.[32] On September 11, Akebono entered the 2013 Ōdō Tournament and, in his first match under an All Japan contract, defeated former Triple Crown Heavyweight Champion Jun Akiyama, unveiling his new finishing maneuver, Yokozuna Impact, in the process.[33] After wins over Low Ki and Bambi Killer,[34][35] Akebono reached the finals, where, on September 23, he defeated Go Shiozaki to win the tournament.[36] On October 27, Akebono defeated Suwama to win the Triple Crown Heavyweight Championship for the first time.[37] Akebono made his first successful title defense on November 24 against Joe Doering.[38] His second successful defense took place on 3 January 2014, against Takao Ōmori.[39] On February 23, Akebono made his third successful title defense against Go Shiozaki.[40] Akebono's fourth title defense took place on March 18, when he defeated Kento Miyahara.[41] In April, Akebono looked to enter a rare group of men who have won the Champion Carnival, while holding the Triple Crown Championship, but on April 22, after securing the top spot in his block, Akebono was forced to pull out of the tournament and forfeit his two remaining matches, after being hospitalized with poor health.[42][43] On May 30, Akebono officially relinquished the Triple Crown Heavyweight Championship due to his health issues.[44] On July 27, it was announced that Akebono had been appointed to All Japan's board of directors.[45] Akebono wrestled his return match on August 16.[46] On August 30, Akebono received his rematch for the Triple Crown Heavyweight Championship, but was defeated by the defending champion, Joe Doering.[47]

Personal life[edit]

Akebono was born to Randy, a taxi driver of Irish and Native Hawaiian descent and Janice, an office worker of Cuban and Native Hawaiian descent.[48] He became a Japanese citizen in 1996, giving up his American citizenship and changing his legal name from Chad Rowan to Akebono Tarō, as required by Japanese law.[15] At the end of 1996 he was engaged to Yu Aihara, a television tarento, but broke it off the following year.[15] In February 1998, Akebono announced his engagement to Christiane Reiko Kalina, a teacher who is of Japanese and American descent.[49] They married in September 1998 and have two sons and a daughter.[50]

In wrestling[edit]

Akebono splashing Commander An Jo in HUSTLE.

Sumo record[edit]

Akebono Tarō[64]
Year in sumo January
Hatsu basho, Tokyo
March
Haru basho, Osaka
May
Natsu basho, Tokyo
July
Nagoya basho, Nagoya
September
Aki basho, Tokyo
November
Kyūshū basho, Fukuoka
1988 x (Maezumo) East Jonokuchi #19
6–1
 
East Jonidan #97
5–2
 
East Jonidan #52
5–2
 
West Jonidan #15
6–1
 
1989 East Sandanme #60
5–2
 
East Sandanme #33
6–1
 
West Makushita #55
6–1
 
East Makushita #28
5–2
 
West Makushita #14
5–2
 
East Makushita #5
5–2
 
1990 East Makushita #2
4–3
 
West Jūryō #12
8–7
 
West Jūryō #10
11–4
 
East Jūryō #3
11–4
 
East Maegashira #14
9–6
 
West Maegashira #7
9–6
F
1991 West Maegashira #1
8–7
O
East Komusubi #1
8–7
O
West Sekiwake #1
7–8
 
West Maegashira #1
8–7
West Komusubi #1
7–8
 
West Maegashira #1
8–7
1992 West Komusubi #1
13–2
OF
East Sekiwake #1
8–7
 
West Sekiwake #1
13–2
O
East Ōzeki #1
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
East Ōzeki #2
9–6
 
West Ōzeki #1
14–1
 
1993 East Ōzeki #1
13–2
 
East Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
East Yokozuna #1
13–2
 
East Yokozuna #1
13–2–PP
 
East Yokozuna #1
14–1
 
East Yokozuna #1
13–2–P
 
1994 East Yokozuna #1
11–4
 
East Yokozuna #1
12–3–PP
 
East Yokozuna #1
10–2–3
 
East Yokozuna #1
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
East Yokozuna #1
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
East Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
1995 West Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
West Yokozuna #1
14–1
 
East Yokozuna #1
13–2
 
West Yokozuna #1
11–4
 
West Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
West Yokozuna #1
7–3–5
 
1996 West Yokozuna #1
0–3–12
 
West Yokozuna #1
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
West Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
West Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
West Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
West Yokozuna #1
11–4–P
 
1997 East Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
West Yokozuna
12–3–PP
 
West Yokozuna #1
13–2–P
 
West Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
West Yokozuna #1
9–6
 
West Yokozuna #1
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
1998 West Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
East Yokozuna #1
13–2
 
East Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
East Yokozuna #1
11–4
 
West Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
East Yokozuna #2
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
1999 East Yokozuna #2
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
East Yokozuna #2
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
East Yokozuna #2
11–4
 
West Yokozuna #1
13–2–P
 
East Yokozuna #1
2–2–11
 
East Yokozuna #2
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
2000 West Yokozuna #2
11–4
 
West Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
East Yokozuna #1
13–2
 
East Yokozuna #1
13–2
 
East Yokozuna #1
13–2
 
West Yokozuna #1
14–1
 
2001 East Yokozuna #1
Retired
0–0–15
x x x x x
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi(s); P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: YokozunaŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira

Kickboxing record[edit]

Kickboxing record

Legend:       Win       Loss       Draw/No contest

Mixed martial arts record[edit]

Mixed martial arts record

Legend:       Win       Loss       Draw/No contest

Professional wrestling championships and accomplishments[edit]

Other accomplishments[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "This Day in Sports: Sumo Goes (Kind of) Global". ESPN. 27 January 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Ardolino, Frank (2002) [1992]. Dawson, Dawn P, ed. Great Athletes 1 (Revised ed.). Salem Press. pp. 23–25. ISBN 1-58765-008-8. 
  3. ^ Lewis, Ferd (2 July 2006). "Akebono". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 25 May 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c Sharnoff, Lora (1993). Grand Sumo. Weatherhill. ISBN 0-8348-0283-X. 
  5. ^ Hall, Mina (1997). The Big Book of Sumo. Berkeley, CA, USA: Stone Bridge Press. p. 89. ISBN 1-880656-28-0. 
  6. ^ a b "Akebono". Japan Sumo Association. Archived from the original on 3 June 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2007. 
  7. ^ "Kaio". Japan Sumo Association. Archived from the original on 29 May 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2007. 
  8. ^ "Akebono Taro Rikishi Information". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c "Rikishi In Makunouchi and Juryo". szumo.hu. Retrieved 2 June 2007. 
  10. ^ a b Pollack ,Andrew (26 January 1993). "Sumo Bows and Opens Sacred Door to U.S. Star". New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2008. 
  11. ^ http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/sports/20070530TDY24001.htm
  12. ^ Lewin, Brian (August 2005). "What will become of the dynasty?". Sumo Fan Magazine. Retrieved 5 June 2008. 
  13. ^ "Winter Olympics: Akebono to lead sumo's debut on Olympic stage". The London Independent. 29 January 1998. Archived from the original on 28 December 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2007. 
  14. ^ a b "Sumo great Akebono retires". BBC News. 22 January 2001. Retrieved 2 June 2007. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Panek, Mark (2006). Gaijin Yokozuna. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-3043-1. 
  16. ^ "Akebono claims 11th title". BBC News. 19 November 2000. Retrieved 2 June 2007. 
  17. ^ "New TV Commercial for BOSS On-Air". Suntory. 26 August 2003. Archived from the original on 25 May 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2007. 
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External links[edit]

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Asahifuji Seiya
64th Yokozuna
1993–2001
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Takanohana Kōji
Yokozuna is not a successive rank, and more than one wrestler can share the title