Akhtar Raza Khan
Akhtar Raza Khan
2 February 1943 |
|Main interest(s)||Aqeedah, Fiqh, Tasawwuf|
Akhtar Raza Khan (Urdu اختر رضا خان; Devanagari: Hindi: अख़्तर रज़ा खान ) is an Islamic jurist, born on Tuesday 2 February 1943 (26 of Muḥarram 1362 Hijri) in the district of Saudagran in the city of Bareilly, India. The name given during his Aqeeqah was Muhammad. He was also given the name Muhammad Ismail Raza. The name by which he is currently known is Akhtar Raza.
He belongs to the Hanafi school of law of the Sunni denomination of Islam. India is a secular state and the government does not appoint the Grand Mufti (called Mufti-e-Azam in Persian, or Mufti `am in Arabic), nor other religious office-bearers; the Muslim community of India appoint their Grand Mufti.
- 1 Education
- 2 His paternal ancestry
- 3 Tasawwuf
- 4 Scholarly activities
- 5 Islamic Chief Justice of India
- 6 Centre of Islamic Studies
- 7 Services for Islam
- 8 Disciples
- 9 Pronouncements
- 10 Karamat
- 11 Answer to criticisms
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 Sources
- 15 External links
When Akhtar Raza reached the age of 4 years, 4 months, and 4 days, his father, Islamic scholar Maulana Ibrahim Raza Khan, arranged for his Bismillah Khwaani (commencement of Islamic studies). His maternal grandfather Mustafa Raza Khan, performed the ritual.
Akhtar Raza received his Islamic education at home and completed the basic recitation and the study of the Quran under the guidance of his mother. He then studied further under the guidance of his father. Having completed his basic studies at home, he was enrolled in the Darul Uloom Manzar-e-Islam in Bareilly. There, under the guidance of teachers and scholars, he studied the basic Mizaan, Munshaib, Nahv Meer, then more advanced books such as Hidaya Akhirain.[clarification needed] On Friday, 15 January 1962 (24 of Dhu al-Qi'dah 1382 Hijri), Akhtar Raza reached the age of 20, and received Khilafah (ordination into spiritual succession) by Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan.
Akhtar Raza then studied tafsir and ahadith for three years from 1963 to 1966 at the Al Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt. He was one of the best foreign students to have studied at the Al-Azhar University, securing the first position during every examination. He was awarded the Jamia Azhar Award by Colonel Jamal Abdul Nasir upon graduating from the Al Azhar University, He was also presented with a Certificate of Merit in the field of Ahadith (plural of Hadith, the records of the sayings of Islamic prophet Muhammad). When he went back many years later for a visit, he received the Fakhr e Azhar (Pride of Al Azhar) award.
Akhtar Raza returned to India at the age of 24. He was welcomed at the railway station by many well-wishers, friends, families, Ulama and students of Madressa Manzar-e-Islam under the spiritual supervision of Huzoor Sarkaar Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan.
His paternal ancestry
Akhtar Raza Khan, son of Mufassir e Azam Hind Maulana Ibrahim Raza Khan, son of Hujjat-ul Islam Maulana Hamid Raza Khan, son of Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan, son of Naqi Ali Khan, son of Maulana Taqi Ali Khan, son of Hafiz Kazim Ali Khan, son of Maulana Azam Khan, son of Maulana Sa'adat Yaar Khan, son of Maulana Suja'at Jangbahadur Saeedullah Khan.
Akhtar Raza is involved with several branches of Islamic learning, including Tafsir, Hadith, Fiqh, Sarf, Nahv, Tajweed, Tassawuf, Mantiq, Seerah, Tareekh, Hayat, Balaghah, Aqaid, Reyazi, Touqeet, Jafar, and Kalam. He speaks and writes Urdu, Hindi, Arabic, Persian and English fluently.
- Al-Haqqul Mobeen (الحق المبين)
- Difa Kanzul Iman (دفاع كنزالايمان)
- T.V.Video Ka Sharai Operation (ثيوي ويديوكا شرعي ابريشن)
- Miratun Najdiyah (مرات النجديه)
- Tasweeron ka Sharai Hukm (تصويروكاشرعي حكم)
- Sharah Hadees e Niyat (شرح حديث نيت)
- Aasar e Qiyamat (اثارقيامث)
Azharul Fatawa is a collection of English-language fatwa given by Akhtar Raza. The collection has been accepted by Sunni Muslims all over the world and specially by Sunni Muslim Communities living in the United States, Europe, South Africa and Western countries, as the rulings mainly refer to these countries.
Akhtar Raza's Diwan (Collection of Naats) was published for the first time entitled Naghmat-e-Akhtar. Later, it was published entitled Safina-e-Bakhshish in 1986. It contains many Naats in the Arabic and Urdu language.
Islamic Chief Justice of India
Akhtar Raza was declared the Qaazi-ul-Quzzaat or Qadi-ul-Qudat (Muslim Chief Justice) of India, relevant to the Muslim community but not an official position, during the Urs e Razavi in October 2006 in the presence of many Ulama, prominent Islamic Scholars and thousands of people, including:
- Mazhar-e-mufti-e-azam sadrul ulama Allama Tehseen raza khan.
- Muhaddith e Kabeer Mufti Zia ul Mustafa Azmi
- Mufti Abdul Mannan Azmi
Centre of Islamic Studies
Services for Islam
There are many institutes working under the guidance of Akhtar Raza, including:
- Markazi Darul Ifta, Bareilly
- Akhtar Raza Library, Lahore
- Markazi Darul Ifta, Netherlands
- Imam Ahmad Raza Academy, Durban, South Africa
- Qadiri Foundation, [ Durban, South Africa]
- Madrassa Raza Darul Uloom, Bombay
- Madrassa Ghausia Jashn e Raza, Gujrat
- All India Jamaat Raza e Mustafa ,Sunni Hanafi Raza Foundation kanpur
He is the president of:
- All India Jamiatul Ulema
- Shariah Board
- U.P. Muslim Personal Law Council
- Shar'ee Council of India
Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan leads the Razvi Silsila. He has many mureeds (disciples) in countries including Iraq, Pakistan, Madina, Makkah, India, UK, the Netherlands, South Africa, America, Turkey and Malawi. Many of his mureeds are great Ulema, poets, authors, doctors and research scholars.
Amongst his Khulafa (successors);
- Maulana Asjad Raza Khan (his son)
- Mufti Dr.Ashraf Asif Jalali (Founder Idara Sirat E Mustaqeem International Lahore)
- Maulana Qamarul Hasan Bastawi (America)
- Syed Shahid Ali Razvi (Rampur)
- Mufti Sayed Ale Rasool hashmi (Bhadrak Orissa)
- Shaykh Abu Bakr (Kerala)
- Maulana Saeed Noori (Mumbai)
- Haji Haneef Tayyab (Pakistan)
- Allamah Syed Irfan Shah Mashhadi (UK)
His students include;
- Maulana Mannan Raza Khan (his brother)
- Maulana Muzaffar Hussain (Bareilly)
- Maulana Wasi Ahmed Razvi (Birmingham)
He has issued many fataawa (plural of fatwa, Islamic rulings) on many different Islamic matters.
Organ transplant and blood transfusion
One Imam conducting Jummah prayer in two places
"There is no legitimacy to lead Jummah prayer anywhere after you have performed it in one place. It is not allowed to perform Jummah prayer in jail at any cost. [Muslim] prisoners should recite Zuhr individually."
Birth of a girl
Akhtar Raza stated that it is un-Islamic to be dissatisfied at the birth of a girl, as all children are to be considered a blessing.
"It is required that a person dresses in a certain manner or has to wear a uniform to identify his profession. If these rules are not followed, then one is dismissed. Similarly, in Islam, different codes of dressing have been set aside for Muslims so that they can be recognized among the non-Muslims. If this dress code is not followed, then we deserve to be punished as well."
"He who shaves his beard or gets his beard less than fistful is declared sinful. To such a person who commits this sin is not able to lead the prayers. It is Makruh-e-Tahrimi (strongly disliked) to perform Salaah behind him."
Akhtar Raza stated that the qualities that one should look for in a marriage partner are piety and fear of God. Neither the bride nor the groom should be forced into a marriage. The bride's mother's consent is just as important. He said that the name of the bridegroom, his father's name and the amount of Mahr (dower money paid by groom to bride) should be discussed and accepted by the bride. Further the man should be allowed to see the girl without her knowledge.
The Grand Mufti, and in general all Sunni Barelwis, oppose the Wahhabi deobandi movement of Islam, which is funded and encouraged by Saudi Arabia. Akhtar Raza has criticized the Wahhabis, and issued fatwas that permit Muslims making supplication, near the mausoleums of the Aulias (Muslim saints after Muhammad) and allowing intercession to be sought from them (i.e., praying to Allah though the medium of the Sufi saints). He says: In fact, Wahhabis have refused the commands of the Holy Quran and authentic Traditions of the Holy Messenger (Sallal-Laahu Ta'ala Alaihi Wasallam) and have adopted very irrespective manners towards the Saints and pious persons. They are misled and every baseless act of Wahhabis is against Islamic faith.
Further, he says, It is my advice to all Sunnis and especially to the Mureeds (disciples) of Silsila Razvia to keep away from all these wrong doings. Please also avoid sending your children to Wahhabi Madrassas and Darul Ulooms and bring them up in a Sunni environment and make them refrain from being Wahhabi.
The Deobandi school of Islam, which has stricter rules in regards to reverence of Sufi Saints, has been declared un-Islamic by Akhtar Raza: It is not permissible to read Namaaz behind a Deobandi Aalim (singular of Ulema) on any account. Namaaz performed behind a Deobandi Aalim, as well as behind unbelievers, is totally incorrect.
During Akhtar Raza's August 2008 trip to Syria, he was asked to pray for rain by the Damascus Ulema. He did so and it was said that he produced rain at a time of year when it had not rained in five years. During the same trip, Sheikh al-Sabah stated that he when he walked by the place where Akhtar Raza was staying, he saw Anwaar (plural of nur, lit., light) emanating from within.
Answer to criticisms
It has been said that the Shaykh makes takfir of everyone other than himself and those affiliated with him. He replied to this accusation in Arabic in his “Mira’at al-Najdiyyah” published by the name “Haqiqat al-Barelwiyyah”, which is the reply to Qadhi Atiyyah’s endorsement to Ihasan Ali Zahir’s “al-Barelwiyyah” (Published in Egypt by Dar al-Muqattam, 2009) asking him to produce a single nas of our ulama in which they have made takfir of Ibn Taymiyya, Ibn Abdul Wahhab and their followers.
- Ala Hazrat
- Barkatiya Silsila
- Ahmad Raza Khan
- Maulana Hamid Raza Khan
- Allama Syed Shah Turab-Ul-Haq Qadri
- Maulana Hamid Raza Khan
- Allama Al-Hafiz Al-Qari Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui Qadri Razvi
- At Tasdeeque - Gulrez Ahmad
- Beeswee'n Sadi Me Ulama-e-Ahlesunnat ki Adabi Aur Deeni Khidmaat Page 510
- Tajalliyat-e-tajush-shariya Page 718
- Tajalliyat-e-tajush-shariya Page 717
- Biography of Tajush Shariah
- Yaseen Digest - Mufti-e-azam Number, Kanpur
- Alahazrat Monthly Magazine
- Tajalliyat e Taajush Shariah
- Biography of Tajush sharia
- Beeswee'n Sadi Me Ulama-e-Ahlesunnat ki Adabi Aur Deeni Khidmaat
- Monthly Sunni Dunia
- Dainik Jagran - Hindi Daily
- Rashtriya Sahara - Urdu Daily
- Tajalliyat-e-tajush-shariya, Compiled by Maulana Shahidul Qaadiri
- Beeswee'n Sadi Me Ulama-e-Ahlesunnat ki Adabi Aur Deeni Khidmaat by Doctor Shafique Ajmal Qaadiri
- At Tasdeeque By Gulrez Ahmad
- http://www.hazrat.org/site/khalifa.html, Remarks of Mufti-e-Azam about Akhtar Raza Khan
- http://www.taajushshariah.com/, Biography of Akhtar Raza Khan
- http://www.ahlesunnat.biz/speeches/mufti.htm, Urdu, English Speeches & Naat By Hazrat Allama Mufti Akhtar Raza Khan Qaadiri Al Azhari
- Correct Islamic Faith International Association (CIFIA)