Akhtar Raza Khan

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تاج الشريعة امام اختررضا خان ازهري
Islamic scholar
Akhtar Raza Khan
Title Taj-ush-Shariah
Born Muhammad Ismaeel
(1943-02-02) 2 February 1943 (age 71)
Bareilly, Indian
Region South Asia
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Creed Sunni
Main interest(s) Aqeedah, Fiqh, Tasawwuf

Akhtar Raza Khan (Urdu اختر رضا خان; Devanagari: Hindi: अख़्तर रज़ा खान ) is an Islamic jurist, born on Tuesday 2 February 1943 (26 Muharram 1362 Hijri) in the district of Saudagran in the city of Bareilly, India.[1] The name given during his Aqeeqah was Muhammad. He was also given the name Muhammad Ismail Raza. The name by which he is currently known is Akhtar Raza.[2]

He has been ranked 22nd in the list of most influential Muslims in the world by the Royal Islamic Society of Jordan.[3][4] He has been adjudged in India as leader of the Barelvi movement.

He belongs to the Hanafi school of law of the Sunni denomination of Islam. India is a secular state and the government does not appoint the Grand Mufti (called Mufti-e-Azam in Persian, or Mufti `am in Arabic), nor other religious office-bearers; the Muslim community of India appoint their Grand Mufti.

Education[edit]

When Akhtar Raza Khan(Azhari Miyaan) reached the age of 4 years, 4 months, and 4 days, his father, Islamic scholar Maulana Ibrahim Raza Khan, arranged for his Bismillah Khwaani (commencement of Islamic studies).[5] His maternal grandfather Mustafa Raza Khan, performed the ritual.[6]

He then studied further under the guidance of his father.[7] Having completed his basic studies at home, he was enrolled in the Darul Uloom Manzar-e-Islam in Bareilly.[8] There, under the guidance of teachers and scholars, he studied the basic Mizaan, Munshaib, Nahv Meer, then more advanced books such as Hidaya Akhirain.[clarification needed][8]

Akhtar Raza then studied tafsir and ahadith for three years from 1963 to 1966 at the Al Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt.[9][unreliable source?] He was one of the best foreign students to have studied at the Al-Azhar University, securing the first position during every examination.[10][unreliable source?]

Al Azhar University in Cairo

Tasawwuf[edit]

Akhtar Raza received many Ijaazahs and Sanads from all over the world, including from Mustafa Raza Khan in many Silsilas including the Qadri, Chishti and Naqshbandi.[11][unreliable source?]

Scholarly activities[edit]

Books[edit]

Akhtar Raza has written books on topics covering science, religion and philosophy. A collection of fatwas by the title of Azharul Fatawa is his magnum opus.[12][unreliable source?] He also did many translations.[12]

  • Al-Haqqul Mobeen (الحق المبين)
  • Difa Kanzul Iman (دفاع كنزالايمان)
  • T.V.Video Ka Sharai Operation (ٹی.وی ویڈیو کا شرعی آپریشن)
  • Miratun Najdiyah (مرات النجديه)
  • Tasweeron ka Sharai Hukm (تصویروں كا شرعي حكم)
  • Sharah Hadees e Niyat (شرح حديث نيت)
  • Aasar e Qiyamat (آثارِ قیامت)

Azharul Fatawa[edit]

Azharul Fatawa is a collection of English-language fatwa given by Akhtar Raza. The collection has been accepted by Sunni Muslims all over the world and specially by Sunni Muslim Communities living in the United States, Europe, South Africa and Western countries, as the rulings mainly refer to these countries.[12]

Safeena-e-Bakhshish[edit]

Akhtar Raza's Diwan (Collection of Naats) was published for the first time entitled Naghmat-e-Akhtar. Later, it was published entitled Safina-e-Bakhshish in 1986. It contains many Naats in the Arabic and Urdu language.[11]

Islamic Chief Justice of India[edit]

Akhtar Raza was declared the Qaazi-ul-Quzzaat or Qadi-ul-Qudat (Muslim Chief Justice) of India, relevant to the Muslim community but not an official position, during the Urs e Razavi in October 2006 in the presence of many Ulama, prominent Islamic Scholars and thousands of people, including:[13][unreliable source?][14][unreliable source?][15][unreliable source?]

  • Mazhar-e-mufti-e-azam sadrul ulama Allama Tehseen raza khan.
  • Muhaddith e Kabeer Mufti Zia ul Mustafa Azmi
  • Mufti Abdul Mannan Azmi

Centre of Islamic Studies[edit]

Centre of Islamic Studies Bareilly India

Akhtar Raza established the Islamic university Jamiatur Raza in May 2000.[16]

Services for Islam[edit]

There are many institutes working under the guidance of Akhtar Raza, including:[11]

  • Markazi Darul Ifta, Bareilly
  • Akhtar Raza Library, Lahore
  • Markazi Darul Ifta, Netherlands
  • Imam Ahmad Raza Academy, Durban, South Africa
  • Qadiri Foundation, [ Durban, South Africa]
  • Madrassa Raza Darul Uloom, Bombay
  • Madrassa Ghausia Jashn e Raza, Gujrat
  • All India Jamaat Raza e Mustafa, Sunni Hanafi Raza Foundation kanpur
  • Anjuman Faiz-e-Raza - Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • Faiz-e-Raza Hilaal Committee - Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • Rizviyya Arabic College - Dambulla, Sri Lanka

He is the president of:

  • All India Jamiatul Ulema
  • Shariah Board
  • U.P. Muslim Personal Law Council
  • Shar'ee Council of India

Disciples[edit]

Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan leads the Razvi Silsila. He has many mureeds (disciples) in countries including Iraq, Pakistan, Madina, Makkah, India, UK, the Netherlands, South Africa, America, Turkey and Malawi. Many of his mureeds are great Ulema, poets, authors, doctors and research scholars.[11]

Amongst his Khulafa (successors);

  • Maulana Asjad Raza Khan (his son)
  • Maulana Qamarul Hasan Bastawi (America)
  • Syed Shahid Ali Razvi (Rampur)
  • Maulana Sayed Ale Rasool Habibi Hashmi (Bhadrak Orissa)

His students include;

  • Maulana Mannan Raza Khan (his brother)
  • Maulana Wasi Ahmed Razvi (Birmingham)

Answer to criticisms[edit]

It has been said that the Shaykh makes takfir of everyone other than himself and those affiliated with him. He replied to this accusation in Arabic in his “Mira’at al-Najdiyyah” published by the name “Haqiqat al-Barelwiyyah”, which is the reply to Qadhi Atiyyah’s endorsement to Ihasan Ali Zahir’s “al-Barelwiyyah” (Published in Egypt by Dar al-Muqattam, 2009) asking him to produce a single nas of our ulama in which they have made takfir of Ibn Taymiyya, Ibn Abdul Wahhab and their followers.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ themuslim500. http://themuslim500.com/profile/mufti-muhammad-akhtar-raza-khan-qaadiri-al-azhari, Retrieved 09 July 2014
  2. ^ taajushshariah. http://www.taajushshariah.com/Life%20History.htm, Retrieved 09 July 2014
  3. ^ http://themuslim500.com/profile/mufti-muhammad-akhtar-raza-khan-qaadiri-al-azhari
  4. ^ http://www.themuslim500.com/dld.php?y=2013&r=Low&t=1ba009cc1f2b638a5e8c49297962a242fae4c7cf
  5. ^ taajushshariah.com. http://www.taajushshariah.com/, Retrieved 09 July 2014
  6. ^ Tajalliyat-e-tajush-shariya Page 718
  7. ^ JamiaturRaza.com. http://www.jamiaturraza.com, Retrieved 09 July 2014
  8. ^ a b Tajalliyat-e-tajush-shariya Page 717
  9. ^ Yaseen Digest - Mufti-e-azam Number, Kanpur
  10. ^ Alahazrat Monthly Magazine
  11. ^ a b c d Tajalliyat e Taajush Shariah
  12. ^ a b c Beeswee'n Sadi Me Ulama-e-Ahlesunnat ki Adabi Aur Deeni Khidmaat
  13. ^ Monthly Sunni Dunia
  14. ^ Dainik Jagran - Hindi Daily
  15. ^ Rashtriya Sahara - Urdu Daily
  16. ^ http://jamiaturraza.com/introduction.html
  17. ^ http://www.almukhtarbooks.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Taaj_al-Shariah.pdf

External links[edit]