Akhtar Sheerani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Akhtar Shirani
اختر شیرانی
Born Muhammad Dawood Khan
(1905-05-04)4 May 1905
Tonk, Rajasthan, British India
Died 9 September 1948(1948-09-09) (aged 43)
Lahore, Pakistan
Pen name Akhtar Shirani
Occupation Urdu poet
Nationality Pakistani
Genre Nazm
Children Prof. Mazhar Mehmood Sherani

Akhtar Shirani (Urdu: اخترشِيرانى‎), (also spelled 'Sheerani', 'Sherani', 'Shirani', 'Shairani'), (Born 4 May 1905 – 9 September 1948) is considered one of the leading romantic poets of Urdu.

Early life[edit]

Akhtar Shairani was born as Muhammad Dawood Khan to the Aghani tribe, Shirani tribe which had come to India with Sultan Mahmood Ghaznawi and had stayed back in Tonk. He was a son of Hafiz Mahmood Shairani, a scholar and teacher of high repute, who had started teaching at Islamia College, Lahore in 1921. In 1928 he moved to Oriental College, Lahore. Young Dawood moved to Lahore at a very young age and lived there throughout his life. He did his Munshi Fazil منشی فاضل in 1921 and Adeeb Fazil ادیب فاضل in 1922 (degrees in Arabic and Persian) from Oriental College, Lahore.

Despite the efforts of his father, he could not continue his education and became a full-time poet. His teacher in poetry (ustad) was Maulana Tajwar Najibabadi, a well-respected personality in literary circles of Lahore who used to publish literary magazines.

Works[edit]

As to his skill, Akhtar was quite innovative and introduced new modes in Urdu poetry. At such a green age, he wrote mature and inspiring poetry. He was called شاعرِ رومان (the poet of romance). His best-known collections of poetry include Akhtaristan, Nigarshat-e-Akhtar, Lala-e-toor, Tayyur-e-Aawara, Naghma-e-Haram, Subh-e bahaar, and Shahnaz. He had been editor for the literary magazines Intikhab, Bahaaristan, Khyaalistan, and Romaan from 1923 to 1939. He also wrote columns for dailies Hamdard and Zamindar of Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar and Maulana Zafar Ali Khan respectively. He introduced many new writers in his magazines, including Qudratullah Shahab (a well-known Urdu writer). "Chandra wati", the first afsana (short story) of Qudratullah Shahab, was published in Romaan (Magazine of Sir Akhtar Sherani).

In total, he left nine collections of his verses. In prose, apart from his fictions and translations, his essays on literary, critical and historical subjects are in abundance.

Style and influence on Urdu Poetry[edit]

Youth dominates Akhtar's poetry like that of Shelley, Keats, and Byron. Lyricism, subtlety and novelty infuse a new spirit onto his poetry. He exhales verse as a flower exhales fragrance. His verses touching various colourful subjects flow with such tremendous ease and felicity as the reader is moved to ecstasy. Most of the critics have concentrated only on one aspect of his Love Poetry. However, his work was not confined to just the physical beauty of woman. Woman to him is beautiful in all her forms and shapes; the beloved, the wife, the mother and the sister. Wordsworth, the father of romantic poetry finds the immanence of divine spirit in the objects of nature. Akhtar's depiction of nature is second to none but unlike Wordsworth, he finds the objects of nature imbued with the beauty of woman. He uses woman as a symbol that stands for beauty and love permeating the whole universe.

Variegated aspects and artistic skills of Akhtar Shairani's poetry lend him a distinguished place in modern Urdu poetry. His influence on Urdu literature, and poetry in particular, earned him a repute of trendsetter. Several distinguished Urdu poets and literary figures have imbibed directly from him.

His famous poems include: "Ae ishq kahin le chal" "O des se aane waale bataa." "Ae ishq hamein barbad na kar". "Main aarzoo e jaan likhon ya jaan e aarzu" "Kuch to tanhai ki raton ka sahara hota" "Barsat" "Tumhain sitaron ne be ikhtiar dekha hai"

Later life[edit]

Akhtar Shirani's life was a succession of tragedies. His young son Javed Mahmood died, his close friend Mirza Shuja Khan committed suicide, his son in law Naziruddin Shirani was accidentally drowned, and he was rejected by the woman, named Salma, that he loved. That made him turn to alcohol. On his physical and mental condition, Shorish Kashmiri who was a well known literary, political, and social figure of Lahore, wrote that it was better not to see him, since one would be so depressed. He died in Lahore on September 9, 1948.

Example(s) of Poetry[edit]

Ghazal[edit]

Main aarzu e jaan likhon ya jaan e aarzu

Tu hi bata de naz se eeman e aarzu

Aansu nikal rahey hain tassawur main ban k phool

Shadab ho raha hai gulistan e aarzu

Eeman o jaan nisar teri ik nigah per

Tu jaan e aarzu hai tu eeman e aarzu

Misr e firaq kab tak ae yusuf e umeed

Rota hai ter hijr main kan`aan e aarzu

Honey ko hai talu e Saba e Shab e wisal

Bujhne ko hai charagh e shabistan e aarzu

Ik wo k aarzuon pe jeetay hain umar bhar

Ik hum k hain abhi se pasheman e aarzu

Aankhon se ju e khon hai rawan dil hai dagh dagh

Dekhay koi bahaar e gulistan e aarzu

Dil main nishat e rafta ki dhundli si yad hai

Ye Shama e wasl hai tah e daman e aarzu

"Akhtar" ko zindagi ka bharosa nahin raha

Jab se luta chuka sar o saman e aarzu

The Nazm 'Salma'[edit]

Bahaar-e-husn ka tuu Ghuncha-e-shaadaab hai Salma

Tujhe fitrat ne apne dast-e-rangiiN se saNvaaraa hai

Bihisht-e-rang-o-buu ka tuu saraapa ek nazaaraa hai

Terii suurat saraasar paikar-e-maahtaab hai Salma

Jism ek hujuum-e-resham-o-kamKhwaab hai Salma

Shabistaan-e-javaanii ka tuu ek zinda sitaaraa hai tuu

Is duniaa meN bahar-e-husn-o-fitrat ka kinaaraa hai tuu

is sansaar meN ek aasmaanii Khwaab hai Salma...

Ghazal[edit]

Tumhein sitaron ne be ikhtiar dekha hai

Shareer chand ne bhi bar bar dekha hai

Kabhi chaman mein gayi ho to mast pholon ne

Nigah e shauq se aaina war dekha hai

Ropehli chandni ne raat ko khulli chat per

Ada se sotey huay bar bar dekha hai

Bahar e subah ki ranginion mein khoye huay

Naseem ne tumhein mastana war dekha hai

Sunehri dhoop ki kirnon ne baam per tum ko

Bikherey gaiso e mushkein bahar dekha hai

Qareeb sham tumhein taairan e gulshan ne

Hazar bar sar e lala zar dekha hai

Bahisht husn ki taza kali ke dhoke mein

Kali ne bhi tumhain deewana war dekha hai

Sunehrey pani mein chandi se paon latkay

Shafaq ne tum ko sar e ju e baar dekha hai

Hamesha raat ko mehv e mutalia tum ko

Nigah e shama na parvana var dekha hai

Kabhi jo uthi ho gaisu sanwarney ke liay

To aainey ne tumhein humkinar dekha hai

Kisi khayal mein khoye huay hamesha tumhein

Sehar ne mehw e gull o shaksar dekha hai

Tumhari khalwat e masoom ne hazaron bar

Sar e piano tumhain naghma bar dekha hai

Ghata e daman e kuhsar ne tumhain aksar

Aseer e zamzama e aabshaar dekha hai

Aroos barq ne apna naqab ulat ke tumhain

Ghareeq e masti e abr e bahar dekha hai

Naseem e bagh ne zaib un Nisa samakh ke kabhi

Tumhain bahe gul kada shalamar dekha hai

Gharz mazahir e fitrat ne har tarha tum ko

Hazar bar nihin laakh bar dekha hai

Magar meri nigah e shauq ko shiqayat hai

K us ne tum ko faqat aik bar dekha hai

Dikha do aik jhalak aur bus nigahon ko

Dobara dekhne ki hai hawas nigahon ko!

Ae ishq kahin le chal[edit]

Un chand sitaron ke bhikray huay shahron me

Un noor ki kirnon main tehri hui lehron main

Thehri hui nahron main soi hui lahron mein

Ae Khizar e haseen le chal! Ae ishq kahin le chal

aankhon mein samai hai ik khwab numa dunya

Taron ki tarah roshan mahtab numa dunya

Jannat ki tarah rangin shadaab numa dunya

Lillah wahin le chal! Ae ishq kahin le chal

Ye dard bhari dunya basti hai gunahon ki

Dil chaak umidon ki saffak nigahon ki

Zulmon ki, jafaon ki, aahon ki, karaahon ki

Hain ghan se hazin le chal! Ae ishq kahin le chal

Qudrat ho himayat per, hamdard ho qismat bhi

Salma bhi ho pehlu main, salma ki muhabbat bhi

Har shai mein faraghat ho aur teri inayat bhi

Ae tifl e haseen le chal! Ae ishq kahin le chal

Hum prem pujari hain, tu prem kanhaiyya hai

Hum prem kanhaiyya hain, ye prem ki nayya hai

Ye prem ki nayya hai, tu is ka khiwayya hai

Kuch fikr nahin le chal! Ae ishq kahin le chal

References[edit]

http://www.poemhunter.com/akhtar-sheerani/biography/

External links[edit]