Akira Fujishima

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Akira Fujishima
Born (1942-03-10)March 10, 1942
Tokyo
Residence Japan
Citizenship Japan
Fields Photoelectrochemistry
TiO2 Photocatalysis
Photofunctional Materials
Diamond Electrochemistry
Alma mater University of Tokyo
Doctoral advisor Ken'ichi Honda
Known for discovery of Photocatalytic and superhydrophilic properties of TiO2

Akira Fujishima (藤嶋 昭 Fujishima Akira?, b. March 10, 1942) is a Japanese chemist, professor emeritus, University of Tokyo[1] known for significant contributions to the discovery and research of photocatalytic and superhydrophilic properties of titanium dioxide (TiO2).

Career and research[edit]

In 1966 he earned his B. A. (Engineering) at the Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University, and in 1971 his Ph.D. (Engineering) at the Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo.

In 1967, while working on his Ph.D. under the supervision of professor Kenichi Honda (本多 健一), he discovered the phenomenon of photocatalytic water decomposition (water photolysis) when he exposed a titanium dioxide electrode to strong light, later called the Honda-Fujishima effect.[2] The discovery of self-cleaning properties of titanium dioxide by the group under his supervision initiated a revolution in the ceramic, glass, and other industries (see e.g., self-cleaning glass).[3]

On completing his Ph.D. in 1971 he became assistant professor at Kanagawa University but returned to the University of Tokyo in 1975 as assistant professor in the Department of Applied Chemistry. He was promoted to associate professor in 1978 and professor in 1986 within the same department. He became professor emeritus in 2003 and special university professor emeritus in 2005.[4]

In 1989 he was appointed executive director of the Chemical Society of Japan.[citation needed] In 1998 he became chief of the optical science group at Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Research, and president of the Japanese Photochemistry Association.[citation needed]

In 1999 he was founder editor-in-chief of the editorial panel of the Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews[5]

In 2001 he was nominated vice president of the Chemical Society of Japan,[citation needed] becoming its president in 2006.[4]

In 2002 he was research supervisor for the development of advanced nanostructured materials for energy conversion and storage at the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST).[citation needed]

In 2003 he became president of the Electrochemical Society of Japan.[citation needed] and chairman of the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology.[4]

Awards and honours[edit]

Akira Fujishima has been the recipient of many prestigious awards and honours.

In 1983 he was awarded the Asahi Prize from the Asahi Shinbun.[4] He received the Award for Research Excellence from the Electrochemical Society of Japan in 1987.[4]

In 1998 he received the Inoue Harushige Award for technical innovation[4] from the Research Development Corporation of Japan[citation needed] and the Innovations in Real Materials Award.[4]

In 1999 he received the Award of the Electrochemical Society of Japan 1999 and in the following year, 2000, the Chemical Society of Japan Award[4]

In 2003 he was the recipient of the Heinz Gerischer Award of the European Section of The Electrochemical Society[3][4] and Japan's Medal with Purple Ribbon. The following year he was further recognised in his own country when in 2004 he received both the Japan Prize and the Japan Academy Prize[4]

In 2006 he received the National Commendation for Invention Award and the Kanagawa Culture Award.[4]

In 2012 he received the Laurea Honoris Causa in chemistry of the environment from the University of Turin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yu Tatsukawa (12 May 2005). "Discovery and applications of photocatalysis —Creating a comfortable future by making use of light energy". Japan Nanonet Bulletin (44). (Originally published in Japanese 2 December 2003)
  2. ^ Fujishima, Akira; Honda, Kenichi (7 July 1972). "Electrochemical Photolysis of Water at a Semiconductor Electrode". Nature 238 (5358): 37–38. doi:10.1038/238037a0. PMID 12635268. 
  3. ^ a b Akira Fujishima, Heinz Gerischer Award[dead link]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "KAST Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology". Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  5. ^ Akira Fujishima. "Editorial". Retrieved 15 January 2011.