Akkineni Nageswara Rao
|Akkineni Nageswara Rao|
|Born||Akkineni Nageswara Rao
September 20, 1924
Venkata Raghava Puram, Madras Presidency, British India
(now Ramapuram, Andhra Pradesh, India)
|Residence||Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India|
|Occupation||Actor, producer, studio owner|
|Spouse(s)||Annapurna Akkineni (1933 - 2011 her death)|
Naga Chaitanya (grandson)
Akhil Akkineni (grandson)
Amala Akkineni (daughter-in-law)
Nageswara Rao has worked in several genres of films in his 78-year acting career, including mythological, social, and drama films. Nageswara Rao has been active in the Telugu film industry since 1941. He was honoured with the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian honour, for his contribution towards Indian cinema, and is the recipient of the Dada Saheb Phalke Award, the highest award for films in India.
Early life and background 
Akkineni Nageswara Rao was born into a poor farmer's family on 20 September 1924 at Ramapuram, Krishna District. He has stated on record in several interviews that his education was limited to primary schooling due to his parents' poor economic conditions. Nageswara Rao took to acting at a very early age. He started acting in street plays at the age of nine.
Indian plays in those days used to have an all male cast and male leads often played female roles (as evidenced in the first Indian feature film, Raja Harishchandra). In his early days as an actor, Nageswara Rao used to enact such female roles on stage.
Film career 
Nageswara Rao's first Telugu film was manmadhudu in 1941, wherein he played the role of one of the main lead's childhood friends. He later continued his career as a part-time stage actor and acted in several Telugu plays such as Ashoka Jyothy, Sathyanveshana and Telugu Talli. On one such occasion, when he was travelling back from a play in Tenali, he was spotted in the Vijayawada railway station by Ghantasala Balaramaiah, a popular film producer of that time, and was immediately offered the lead role in his upcoming movie Seetha Rama Jananam. He played the role of Lord Rama in that film.
In a career spanning over 78 years in the Telugu film industry, he has played the lead role in over 256 Telugu films and 26 Tamil films. Several of these films turned out to be financial and critical successes.
Among other things, Nageswara Rao is credited for influencing Telugu film producers and creating a base for Telugu films in Hyderabad.
The Telugu film industry in its early days was based out of Madras (now Chennai) in Tamil Nadu. The new state of Andhra Pradesh was carved out from the Madras Presidency on 1 November 1956 and several leaders opined that in order to create a separate identity for the Telugu film industry, it had to be based out of Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh. ANR was one of the actors of that period who insisted on creating a base for Telugu films in Hyderabad and established his own production studio, Annapurna Studios, to facilitate this.
Prominent films 
ANR has acted in several landmark Telugu films. Some of his prominent films are Tenali Rama Krishna, Kalidasu, Devadasu, Mayabazar, Missamma, Dr. Chakravarthi, Ardhangi, Muga Manasulu, Dasara Bullodu, Prem Nagar and Premabhishekam. The film Premabhishekam directed by Dasari Narayana Rao is one of the biggest hits in Tollywood. It had an amazing 533 days run in Hyderabad City, which is still the highest run in a city for any Telugu movie. Premabhishekam is the only Telugu film to have run for 365+ days continuously.
Awards and honours 
- Civilian honours
- Dada Saheb Phalke Award (1990)
- Doctor Chakravarthy (1964)
- Antastulu (1965),
- Sudigundaalu (1967)
- Meghasandesam (1982)
- Bangaru Kutumbam (1994)
- Filmfare Best Film Award (Telugu) - Sudigundalu (1968) by Annapoorna Pictures
- Filmfare Best Telugu Actor Award - Marapurani Manishi (1973)
- Filmfare Best Telugu Actor Award - Seetharamaiah Gari Manavaralu (1991).
- Other State honours
- Kalaimamani from Tamil Nadu State.
- Kalidasu from Madhya Pradesh State. At one point he was also appointed as an adviser to the State Film Development Corporation.
The Akkineni International Foundation is the charitable arm of Annapurna Studios, which is involved in charity all over India, as part of the movie studios corporate social responsibility. The ANR National Award was instituted by the foundation in the honor of Akkineni Nageswara Rao. The award was given annually to recognize people for their lifetime achievements and contributions to the Indian film industry.
- Interview with A. Nageswara Rao - Celebrity Interviews, , Tollywood Interviews, Telugu Movie Reviews, Telugu Actress Photo Galleries, Movie Galleries, Tollywood Gossip
- Akkineni's Village Becomes Active
- ANR - Telugu cinema stars
- Raja-Harishchandra - Trailer - Cast - Showtimes - NYTimes.com
- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8Fytcbkha4[dead link]
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinema_of_Andhra_Pradesh#Shift_of_industry_from_Madras_to_Hyderabad[dead link]
- http://www.annapurnastudios.in/anr_inner.php?anrcid=16[dead link]
- CineGoer.com - Box-Office Records And Collections - Premabhishekam's Unbeatable Records
- Premabhishekam records list
- 175-365 days centers list
- Akkineni Nageswara Rao at the Internet Movie Database
- Addineni Nageswara Rao Birthday Special Article in Telugu Language