From its foundation in 1887 till 1997 it had borne the name “Alexeyevka”. It lies 100 km to the north of Astana along the highway between Astana and the Burabay National Nature Park. Also it sits on the western side of a lake of the same name. Thus, it is located between the lake, thick pine forest running to the Russian Federation and a broad plain spreading towards Astana. The population of the neighbourhood centre numbers around 14,000 inhabitants. The Kazakh population corresponds around 40%. The rest is composed mostly of the Slavonic people, such as Russians and Ukrainians. Most of the buildings in that town are consisted of single-storey private houses, though there are also a lot of five-storey buildings in the town. On the western side Akkol is sheltered by a pine-covered volcano named in Russian Kalancha (Watchtower) and in Kazakh Monshakty (Having beads). There is also a ground mission control centre of Kazcosmos inside the pine forest and as well as Ski Resort named “SharZhum” which accommodates guests and tourists throughout the year on the timber edge. There is also a magnificent municipal park in the middle of Akkol. The town is divided into two parts by a railroad intersected by two curved bridges and one railroad crossing with barrier.