Akola district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Akola.
Akola district
अकोला जिल्हा
District of Maharashtra
Location of Akola district in Maharashtra
Location of Akola district in Maharashtra
Country India
State Maharashtra
Administrative division Amravati Division
Headquarters Akola
Tehsils 7
Government
 • District collector Rohit Chandak
Area
 • Total 5,431 km2 (2,097 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 18,18,617
 • Density 330/km2 (870/sq mi)
 • Urban 39.69
Demographics
 • Literacy 81.41%
 • Sex ratio 938
Major highways NH-6
Website Official website

Akola is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city of Akola is the district headquarters. Akola district forms the central part of Amravati Division, and was a former British Raj Berar Province.

Area of the district is 5,431 km². It is bounded on the north by Amravati District, to the east by Amravati District and by Washim District, to the south by Washim District, and to the west by Buldhana District. Washim was earlier a part of Akola.

History[edit]

The Battle of Argaon, (Adgaon near Akot), took place on November 28, 1803, between the British under the command of Governor Arthur Wellesley and the forces of Maratha under Bhonsle of Nagpur during Second Anglo-Maratha War.

Many old forts are located in Akola District viz.

Geography[edit]

The district boundary latitude are  : 20.7000° N and longitude are  : 77.0142° E

The climate is tropical and people mostly uses cotton clothes.

Rivers and lakes[edit]

The Purna River forms the part of north boundary of the district, and the top north portion of the district lies within its watershed along with Aas River and Shahnur River. The Vaan River forms the part of northwest boundary of the district after entering from the Amravati district.

The Mun River drains the southwestern portion of the district, Morna River drains the midsouth portion of the district,while the southeast is drained by the Katepurna River and Uma River.

Here are some of the rivers in Akola, with their tributaries

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Akola
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
33.2
(91.8)
37.2
(99)
40.7
(105.3)
46.7
(116.1)
37.4
(99.3)
32.0
(89.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.1
(89.8)
38.8
(101.8)
31.5
(88.7)
29.4
(84.9)
34.95
(94.92)
Average low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
15.7
(60.3)
20.0
(68)
24.8
(76.6)
28.0
(82.4)
26.1
(79)
24.1
(75.4)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
20.1
(68.2)
15.9
(60.6)
13.2
(55.8)
20.65
(69.18)
Precipitation mm (inches) 7.8
(0.307)
4.5
(0.177)
11.0
(0.433)
5.1
(0.201)
6.6
(0.26)
146.3
(5.76)
210.7
(8.295)
199.7
(7.862)
122.0
(4.803)
45.4
(1.787)
19.5
(0.768)
14.2
(0.559)
792.8
(31.212)
Source: IMD

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Akola district has a population of 1,818,617,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Kosovo[2] or the US state of Nebraska.[3] This gives it a ranking of 262nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 321 inhabitants per square kilometre (830 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.6%.[1] Akola has a sex ratio of 942 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 87.55%.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages used in the district include Andh, an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 100 000 people.[4]

Subdivisions[edit]

Akola District consists of talukas namely Akot, Telhara, Akola, Balapur, Patur, Barshitakli and Murtajapur.

Transport[edit]

Important railway stations with their codes are Paras, Gaigaon, Akola Junction (AK), Murtijapur Junction (MZR) and are under Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Railway Division of Central Railway.

The other stations under meter gauge are Hiwarkhed, Adgaon Buzurg (ABZ), Akot (AKOT), Patsul (PTZ), Ugwe (UGWE), Akola Junction, Shivani Shivpur (SVW), Barshitakli (BSQ), Lohogad (LHD), Amna Vadi (AMW), Jaulka (JUK) are under Purna - Khandwa Section of South Central Railway.

The stations under narrow gauge are Lakhpuri, Murtajapur Junction, Karanja under two Narrow Gauge Branch lines viz Murtajapur-Achalpur and Murtajapur-Yavatmal of Bhusawal Railway Division of Central Railway.

Economy[edit]

Cotton and Jawar are the predominant crops grown in the district. Oil and Dal mills are also rampant. The economy is mostly agriculture based. Nowadays, soyabean crop is an important crop as major soyabean plants have come up in the area.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Kosovo 1,825,632 July 2011 est." 
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nebraska 1,826,341" 
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Andh: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 

Coordinates: 20°30′N 77°10′E / 20.500°N 77.167°E / 20.500; 77.167