Manenguba language

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Manenguba
Ngoe
Mbo
Native to Cameroon
Ethnicity Bakossi, Mbo, Bakaka, Bassossi
Native speakers
180,000  (1995–2001)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
mbo – Mbo
bss – Akoose
bqz – Kaka (Central Mbo)
bsi – Sosi
A.15[2]
Glottolog mane1268[3]

Manenguba, also known as Ngoe or the Mbo cluster, is a Bantu language spoken in Cameroon. It is a dialect cluster spoken by several related peoples.

The name Manenguba is the mountain range the speakers live on. Ngoe is their legendary ancestor.

Dialects are:[2][4]

  • Koose (Akɔɔse, Bakossi)
  • Mbo (Mboo, Sambo)
  • Kaka (Bakaka, Bakaa)
  • Sosi (Bassossi)

The principal dialect is Koose. There are many loan words from English, French and Douala.[5] When speaking of technical subjects, speakers will often revert to Pidgin English or English.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mbo at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Akoose at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Kaka (Central Mbo) at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Sosi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ a b Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Manenguba". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ According to Hedinger (1987), the Bafaw-Balong language included in Guthrie zone A.15 for cultural reasons needs to be excluded from Manenguba on linguistic grounds; Maho (2009) separates it as A.141.
  5. ^ "The Bakossi Language". Bakossi Cultural & Development Association. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  6. ^ Anne Schröder (2003). Status, functions, and prospects of Pidgin English: an empirical approach to language dynamics in Cameroon, Volume 1. Gunter Narr Verlag. p. 66. ISBN 3-8233-5821-9. 
  • Hedinger, Robert (1987), The Manenguba Languages (Bantu A. 15, Mbo Cluster) of Cameroon