Akrom Yo‘ldoshev or Akramjon Yo‘ldoshev or Akram Yuldashev in Russian: Акрам Юлдашев Akram Yuldashev, born in 1963) is the founder of Akromiya, an Islamist organization that operates in Uzbekistan. The Uzbek government has designated and banned Akromiya as terrorist.
Yo‘ldoshev is a native of Andijan, Uzbekistan and was trained as an engineer. He worked as a math teacher and for a furniture company in Andijan, before forming Akromiya. In 1992 he published Yimonga Yul, a pamphlet advocating Islamic values that gained him support among the populace. Uzbek police arrested him in April, 1998 for possession of narcotics. A court sentenced him to 30 months imprisonment, but the government released him in December 1998 due to an amnesty.  Police arrested him in February 1999, the day after the 1999 Tashkent bombings that killed 16 people, accusing him of involvement. A court sentenced him to 17 years imprisonment for heading Akromiya.
Critics of the Uzbek government doubt that he is guilty of the charges against him. Scott Horton of the Columbia Law School has said "There's nothing that involves a challenge to government." Alisher Ilkhamov, an Uzbek who is a sociologist at the University of London, said "The government perceives any grass-roots movement with hostility, whether it's Islamic or not". These critics claim that "the fierce response to Yuldashev stems from the government's deep fear of any religious group that operates without official sanction".
In 2005, an armed uprising took place in Andijan. Among the demands was the release of Akrom Yo‘ldoshev. The Uzbek government cracked down, and several hundred civilians were killed in the Andijan massacre that ended the uprising.
His wife, Yodgoroy Yo‘ldosheva, has lived in Boise, Idaho, United States along with 52 other refugees since the Andijan massacre in May 2005. Yo‘ldoshev has appeared on state-run television three times, apologizing for encouraging the unrest and telling refugees they should return to Uzbekistan. Yo‘ldosheva herself has asked the Uzbek government for permission to return, but has not yet received an answer. His wife has denied Yo‘ldoshev has any ties to the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, a militant organization affiliated with Al-Qaeda, or Hizb ut-Tahrir, another Islamist organization.
- Islamic blame game Asia Times
- Khalid, Adeeb (2007). Islam after communism: religion and politics in Central Asia. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. pp. 193–196.
- Aizenman, N.C. (May 29, 2005). "The Eye of the Uzbek Storm: Officials Blame Humble Spiritual Leader for Revolt Despite Doubts of Many". Washington Post (Washington, DC). Retrieved March 20, 2011.
- Rubin, Barry (2009). Guide to Islamist Movements, Volume 1. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 176–177.
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