The Akroydon model housing scheme is a Victorian era model village at Boothtown, Halifax, West Yorkshire, England. It was designed in the Gothic style by George Gilbert Scott in 1859 for the workers at the mills of Colonel Edward Akroyd, who had bought, in 1855, the 62,435 acres (252.67 km2) of land on which the houses were to be built.
As Scott's original plan to have dormer windows in the cottages was unacceptable to members of the Akroyd Town Building Association, Akroyd employed a local architect – W. H. Crossland – under the supervision of Scott, to come up with an acceptable design. The plan was for a quadrangular arrangement of 350 houses, but only 90 were actually built.
In the middle of the quadrangle, known as The Square, Akroyd had a monument called the Victoria Cross built in 1875 and dedicated to Queen Victoria. Its inscription includes a long quotation from William Wordsworth's poem "The Excursion". The monument, similar in style to an Eleanor Cross, has been described as "a monument to the British constitution".
According to Walter L Creese, this "suburb on the moors" was Akroyd's attempt "to justify contemporary upheaval, to rationalize for himself and others the improvement and purpose of the factory system as it was replacing the cottage industries".
It was to be a model village not only in the architectural sense but also in a social sense as well as the houses were built in various sizes for people from all economic classes, who were offered low cost mortgages to buy them. The village was to be managed by a committee of residents. There was a working men’s college for self-improvement.
- Roberts, Judith. "Gazebo". Context (Institute of Historic Building Conservation) (46): 36–38. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Creese, Walter L. "Imagination in the Suburb" in Knoepflmacher, U.C. and Tennyson, G. B. (eds) (1977). Nature and the Victorian Imagination. University of California Press. pp. 56–58. ISBN 0 520 03229 2.
- Whelan, A. (2004). "The Victoria Cross in Akroydon: a monument to the British constitution". Transactions of the Halifax Antiquarian Society 12: 104–121. ISSN 1351-5705.
- The village was built with the support of the Halifax Permanent Building Society which later became the Halifax Building Society. "A Halifax church with a story to tell". BBC News. 27 January 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
- "Eric Portman Biography". Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion. RootsWeb. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Binns, Sheila (2013). The Aesthetics of Utopia: Saltaire, Akroydon and Bedford Park, Spire Books, ISBN 978 1 904965 45 9
- Town Planning – A brief summary of some key dates and places and people, with links
- Timeline: Model Village
Media related to Akroydon at Wikimedia Commons