Akutagawa Prize

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The Akutagawa Prize (芥川龍之介賞 Akutagawa Ryūnosuke Shō?) is a Japanese literary award presented semi-annually. It was established in 1935 by Kan Kikuchi, then-editor of Bungeishunjū magazine, in memory of author Ryūnosuke Akutagawa. It is currently sponsored by the Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature, and is awarded in January ('E' in the list, below) and July ('L' in the list below) to the best serious literary story published in a newspaper or magazine by a new or rising author.[1]

The winner receives a pocket watch and a cash award of 1 million yen. Short stories and novellas win the prize more frequently than do full-length novels. Because of its prestige and the considerable attention the winner receives from the media, it is, along with the Naoki Prize, one of Japan's most sought after literary prizes.[2][3]

Winners[edit]

E = first half of year. L = second half of year

  • 001 1935E Tatsuzō Ishikawa for Sōbō (蒼氓)
  • 002 1935L no prize awarded
  • 003 1936E Oda Takeo for Jōgai (城外)
  • 003 1936E Tsuruta Tomoya for Koshamain ki (コシャマイン記)
  • 004 1936L Jun Ishikawa for Fugen (普賢)
  • 004 1936L Tomisawa Uio for Chichūkai (地中海 The Mediterranean Sea)
  • 005 1937E Ozaki Kazuo for Nonki megane (暢気眼鏡 Leisure Glasses)
  • 006 1937L Ashihei Hino for Fun'nyōtan (糞尿譚)
  • 007 1938E Nakayama Gishu for Atsumonozaki (厚物咲)
  • 008 1938L Nakazato Tsuneko for Noriaibasha, Nikkōshitsu (乗合馬車, 日光室)
  • 009 1939E Handa Yoshiyuki for Niwatori sōdō (鶏騒動 Chicken Trouble)
  • 009 1939E Hase Ken for Asakusa no kodomo (あさくさの子供 Children of Asakusa)
  • 010 1939L Samukawa Kotaro for Mitsuryōsha (密猟者 The Poacher)
  • 011 1940E no prize awarded
  • 012 1940L Sakurada Tsunehisa for Hiraga gen'nai (平賀源内)
  • 013 1941E Tada Yukei for Chōkō deruta (長江デルタ)
  • 014 1941L Shibaki Yoshiko for Seika no ichi (青果の市 The Garden City)
  • 015 1942E no prize awarded
  • 016 1942L Kuramitsu Toshio for Renrakuin (連絡員 The Liaison)
  • 017 1943E Ishizuka Kikuzo for Chanzū no koro (纏足の頃)
  • 018 1943L Tonobe Kaoru for Washi (和紙)
  • 019 1944E Yagi Yoshinori for Ryūkanfū (劉廣福)
  • 019 1944E Ono Juzo for Tōhan (登攀 The Ascent)
  • 020 1944L Shimizu Motoyoshi for Karitachi (雁立 Wild Geese)
  • 021 1949E Kotani Tsuyoshi for Kakushō (確証)
  • 021 1949E Yuki Shigeko for Hon no hanashi (本の話)
  • 022 1949L Inoue Yasushi for Tōgyū (闘牛 The Bullfight)
  • 023 1950E Tsuji Ryoichi for Ihōjin (異邦人 The Foreigner)
  • 024 1950L no prize awarded
  • 025 1951E Abe Kobo for Kabe—S. Karuma shi no hanzai (壁─S.カルマ氏の犯罪 The Crime of S. Karuma)
  • 025 1951E Ishikawa Toshimitsu for Haru no kusa (春の草 Spring Grass)
  • 026 1951L Hotta Yoshie for Hiroba no kodoku, Kankan and others (広場の孤独, 漢奸)
  • 027 1952E no prize awarded
  • 028 1952L Gomi Kosuke for Sōshin (喪神)
  • 028 1952L Matsumoto Seicho for Aru "kokura nikki" den (或る「小倉日記」小伝)
  • 029 1953E Shotaro Yasuoka for Warui nakama, Inki na tanoshimi (悪い仲間, 陰気な愉しみ Bad Company, Dismal Fun)
  • 030 1953L no prize awarded
  • 031 1954E Yoshiyuki Junnosuke for Shūu and others (驟雨 A Rain Shower)
  • 032 1954L Kojima Nobuo for Amerikan sukūru (アメリカン・スクール American School)
  • 032 1954L Shono Junzo for Pūrusaido shōkei (プールサイド小景 A Poolside Scene)
  • 033 1955E Endo Shusaku for Shiroi hito (白い人 White Person)
  • 034 1955L Shintaro Ishihara for Taiyō no kisetsu (太陽の季節 Season Of The Sun)
  • 035 1956E Kondo Keitaro for Amabune (海人舟)
  • 036 1956L no prize awarded
  • 037 1957E Kikumura Itaru for Iōjima (硫黄島 Iwo Jima)
  • 038 1957L Kaiko Takeshi for Hadaka no ōsama (裸の王様 The Emperor's New Clothes)
  • 039 1958E Oe Kenzaburo for Shiiku (飼育 Prize Stock)
  • 040 1958L no prize awarded
  • 041 1959E Shiba Shiro for Santō (山塔 Mountain Pagoda)
  • 042 1959L no prize awarded
  • 043 1960E Morio Kita for Yoru to kiri no sumi de (夜と霧の隅で In The Corner Of Night And Fog)
  • 044 1960L Miura Tetsuo for Shinobukawa (忍ぶ川)
  • 045 1961E no prize awarded
  • 046 1961L Uno Koichiro for Kujiragami (鯨神 The Whale God)
  • 047 1962E Kawamura Akira for Bidan no shuppatsu (美談の出発 'A Heroic Departure)
  • 048 1962L no prize awarded
  • 049 1963E Goto Kiichi for Shōnen no hashi (少年の橋 A Boyhood Bridge)
  • 049 1963E Kono Taeko for Kani ( Crab)
  • 050 1963L Tanabe Seiko for Senchimentaru Jaanî (感傷旅行 Sentimental Journey)
  • 051 1964E Shiba Shou for Saredo wareraga hibi (されどわれらが日々─)
  • 052 1964L no prize awarded
  • 053 1965E Tsumura Setsuko for Gangu (玩具 Toys)
  • 054 1965L Takai Yuichi for Kita no kawa (北の河 Northern Stream)
  • 055 1966E no prize awarded
  • 056 1966L Maruyama Kenji for Natsu no nagare (夏の流れ Summer's Passage)
  • 057 1967E Oshiro Tatsuhiro for Kakuteru Paatî (カクテル・パーティー The Cocktail Party)
  • 058 1967L Kashiwabara Hyozo for Tokuyama Dōsuke no kikyō (徳山道助の帰郷 Dosuke Tokoyama's Returning Home)
  • 059 1968E Maruya Saiichi for Toshi no nokori (年の残り Remains Of The Year)
  • 059 1968E Oba Minako for Sanbiki no kani (三匹の蟹 Three Crabs)
  • 060 1968L no prize awarded
  • 061 1969E Shoji Kaoru for Akazukin-chan ki o tsukete (赤頭巾ちゃん気をつけて Little Red Riding Hood, Take Care)
  • 061 1969E Takubo Hideo for Fukaikawa (深い河 Deep River)
  • 062 1969L KiyookaTakayuki for Akashiya no dairen (アカシヤの大連)
  • 063 1970E Yoshida Tomoko for Mumyōjōya (無明長夜)
  • 063 1970E Komao Furuyama for Pureō 8 no yoake (プレオー8の夜明け)
  • 064 1970L Yoshikichi Furui for Yōko (杳子)
  • 065 1971E no prize awarded
  • 066 1971L Kaisei Ri for Kinuta o utsu onna (砧をうつ女)
  • 066 1971L Mineo Higashi for Okinawa no shōnen (オキナワの少年 Okinawan Boy)
  • 067 1972E Hiroshi Hatayama for Itsuka kiteki o narashite (いつか汽笛を鳴らして)
  • 067 1972E Akio Miyahara for Dareka ga sawatta (誰かが触った)
  • 068 1972L Michiko Yamamoto for Beti san no niwa (ベティさんの庭)
  • 068 1972L Shizuko Go for Rekuiemu (れくいえむ Requiem)
  • 069 1973E Taku Miki for Hiwa ()
  • 070 1973L Kuninobu Noro for Kusa no tsurugi (草のつるぎ Vines)
  • 070 1973L Atsushi Mori for Gassan (月山)
  • 071 1974E no prize awarded
  • 072 1974L Keizo Hino for Ano yūhi (あの夕陽)
  • 072 1974L Hiro Sakata for Tsuchi no utsuwa (土の器 Earthen Vessel)
  • 073 1975E Kyoko Hayashi for Matsuri no ba (祭りの場)
  • 074 1975L Kenji Nakagami for Misaki ( The Cape)
  • 074 1975L Kazuo Okamatsu for Shikanoshima (志賀島)
  • 075 1976E Ryu Murakami for Kagirinaku tōmei ni chikai burū (限りなく透明に近いブルー Almost Transparent Blue)
  • 076 1976L no prize awarded
  • 077 1977E Masahiro Mita for Bokutte nani (僕って何 What Am I)
  • 077 1977E Masuo Ikeda for Eegekai ni sasagu (エーゲ海に捧ぐ Offering in the Aegean)
  • 078 1977L Teru Miyamoto for Hotarugawa (螢川 Firefly River)
  • 078 1977L Shuzo Taki for Kaya no ki matsuri (榧の木祭り The Nutmeg Tree Festival)
  • 079 1978E Kiichiro Takahashi for Nobuyo (伸予)
  • 079 1978E Michitsuna Takahashi for Kugatsu no sora (九月の空 September Sky)
  • 080 1978L no prize awarded
  • 081 1979E Yoshiko Shigekane for Yamaai no kemuri (やまあいの煙 Smoke In The Mountains)
  • 081 1979E So Aono for Gusha no yoru (愚者の夜 Night Of The Idiots)
  • 082 1979L Reiko Mori for Mokkingubaado no iru machi (モッキングバードのいる町 The City Of Mockingbirds)
  • 083 1980E no prize awarded
  • 084 1980L Katsuhiko Otsuji for Chichi ga kieta (父が消えた My Father Vanished)
  • 085 1981E Rie Yoshiyuki for Chisana kifujin (小さな貴婦人 Little Lady)
  • 086 1981L no prize awarded
  • 087 1982E no prize awarded
  • 088 1982L Yukiko Kato for Yube no kabe (夢の壁 Wall of Dreams)
  • 088 1982L Juro Kara for Sagawa-kun kara no tegami (佐川君からの手紙 A Letter From Young Sagawa)
  • 089 1983E no prize awarded
  • 090 1983L Jun Kasahara for Mokuji no sekai (杢二の世界 Mokoji's World)
  • 090 1983L Nobuko Takagi for Hikari idaku tomo yo (光抱く友よ)
  • 091 1984E no prize awarded
  • 092 1984L Satoko Kizaki for Aogiri (青桐 Blue Paulownia)
  • 093 1985E no prize awarded
  • 094 1985L Fumiko Kometani for Sugikoshi no matsuri (過越しの祭 The Passover)
  • 095 1986E no prize awarded
  • 096 1986L no prize awarded
  • 097 1987E Kiyoko Murata for Nabe no naka (鍋の中 In The Pot)
  • 098 1987L Natsuki Ikezawa for Sutiru Raifu (スティル・ライフ Still Lives)
  • 098 1987L Kiyohiro Miura for Chōnan no shukke (長男の出家)
  • 099 1988E Man Arai for Tazunebito no jikan (尋ね人の時間 The Missing's Time)
  • 100 1988L Keishi Nagi for Daiyamondo dasuto (ダイヤモンドダスト Diamond Dust)
  • 100 1988L Yanji I for Yuhi (由煕)
  • 101 1989E no prize awarded
  • 102 1989L Akira Ooka for Hyōsō seikatsu (表層生活)
  • 102 1989L Mieko Takizawa for Nekobaba no iru machi de (ネコババのいる町で)
  • 103 1990E Noboru Tsujihara for Mura no namae (村の名前 A Village's Name)
  • 104 1990L Yoko Ogawa for Ninshin karendaa (妊娠カレンダー Pregnancy Calendar)
  • 105 1991E Yo Henmi for Jidou kishō sōchi (自動起床装置 The Automatic Wake-up Machine)
  • 105 1991E Anna Ogino for Seoi mizu (背負い水 Water Burden)
  • 106 1991L Eiko Matsumura for Abatōn (至高聖所)
  • 107 1992E Tomomi Fujiwara for Untenshi (運転士 Driver)
  • 108 1992L Yoko Tawada for Inumuko iri (犬婿入り The Bridegroom Was A Dog)
  • 109 1993E Haruhiko Yoshimeki for Sekiryōkōya (寂寥郊野)
  • 110 1993L Hikaru Okuizumi for Ishi no raireki (石の来歴 The Stones Cry Out)
  • 111 1994E Mitsuhiro Muroi for Odorodeku (おどるでく)
  • 111 1994E Yoriko Shono for Taimu surippu konbinaato (タイムスリップ・コンビナート The Time Slip Industrial Complex)
  • 112 1994L no prize awarded
  • 113 1995E Kazushi Hosaka for Kono hito no iki (この人の閾)
  • 114 1995L Matayoshi Eiki for Buta no mukui (豚の報い Pig's Retribution)
  • 115 1996E Hiromi Kawakami for Hebi o fumu (蛇を踏む Tread On A Snake)
  • 116 1996L Hitonari Tsuji for Kaikyō no hikari (海峡の光 The Light from the Strait)
  • 116 1996L Miri Yu for Kazoku shinema (家族シネマ Family Cinema)
  • 117 1997E Shun Medoruma for Suiteki (水滴 A Drop Of Water)
  • 118 1997L no prize awarded
  • 119 1998E Mangetsu Hanamura for Gerumaniamu no yoru (ゲルマニウムの夜 Germanium Nights)
  • 119 1998E Shu Fujisawa for Buenosu Airesu gozen reiji (ブエノスアイレス午前零時 Midnight In Buenos Aires)
  • 120 1998L Keiichiro Hirano for Nisshoku (日蝕 Eclipse)
  • 121 1999E no prize awarded
  • 122 1999L Gengetsu for Kage no sumika (蔭の棲みか)
  • 122 1999L Chiya Fujino for Natsu no yakusoku (夏の約束 Summer Promise)
  • 123 2000E Kou Machida for Kiregire (きれぎれ Shreds)
  • 123 2000E Hisaki Matsuura for Hana kutashi (花腐し A Spoiling Rain)
  • 124 2000L Yuichi Seirai for Seisui (聖水 Holy Water)
  • 124 2000L Toshiyuki Horie for Kuma no shikiishi (熊の敷石 The Bear and the Paving Stone)
  • 125 2001E Sokyu Genyu for Chūin no hana (中陰の花 Flowers in Limbo )
  • 126 2001L Yu Nagashima for Mōsupîdo de haha wa (猛スピードで母は More Speed Mama)
  • 127 2002E Shuichi Yoshida for Paaku raifu (パーク・ライフ Park Life)
  • 128 2002L Tamaki Daido for Shoppai doraibu (しょっぱいドライブ Salty Drives)
  • 129 2003E Man'ichi Yoshimura for Hariganemushi (ハリガネムシ The Hairworm)
  • 130 2003L Risa Wataya for Keritai senaka (蹴りたい背中 A Back I Want To Kick)
  • 130 2003L Hitomi Kanehara for Hebi ni piasu (蛇にピアス Snakes and Earrings)
  • 131 2004E Norio Mobu for Kaigo nyūmon (介護入門 Introduction to Nursing Care)
  • 132 2004L Kazushige Abe for Gurando fināre (グランド・フィナーレ Grand Finale)
  • 133 2005E Fuminori Nakamura for Tsuchi no naka no kodomo (土の中の子供 A Child in the Ground)
  • 134 2005L Akiko Itoyama for Oki de matsu (沖で待つ Waiting Offshore)
  • 135 2006E Takami Itō for Hachigatsu no rojō ni suteru (八月の路上に捨てる Throwing Stuff Away on a Road in August)
  • 136 2006L Nanae Aoyama for Hitori biyori (ひとり日和)
  • 137 2007E Tetsushi Suwa for Asatte no hito (アサッテの人)
  • 138 2007L Mieko Kawakami for Chichi to ran (乳と卵)
  • 139 2008E Yang Yi for Toki ga nijimu asa (時が滲む朝)
  • 140 2008L Kikuko Tsumura for Potosuraimu no fune (ポトスライムの舟)
  • 141 2009E Ken'ichirō Isozaki for Tsui no sumika (終の住処)
  • 142 2009L No prize awarded
  • 143 2010E Akiko Akazome for Otome no mikkoku (乙女の密告)
  • 144 2010L Mariko Asabuki for Kikotowa (きことわ)
  • 144 2010L Kenta Nishimura for Kueki ressha (苦役列車)
  • 145 2011E No prize awarded
  • 146 2011L Tō Enjō for Dōkeshi no chō (道化師の蝶 "Harlequin Butterfly")
  • 146 2011L Shinya Tanaka for Tomogui (共喰い "Cannibalism")
  • 147 2012E Maki Kashimada for Meido meguri (冥土めぐり "Touring the Land of the Dead")
  • 148 2012L Natsuko Kuroda for ab Sango (abさんご)
  • 149 2013E Kaori Fujino for Tsume to Me (爪と目) "Nails and Eyes" [4]
  • 150 2014E Hiroko Oyamada for Ana (Hole) [5]
  • 151 2014L Tomoka Shibasaki for Haru No Niwa (Spring Garden) [6]

Current members of the selection committee[edit]

Special occurrences[edit]

Occasionally, when consensus cannot be reached between judges over disputes about the winning story or the quality of work for that half year, no prize is awarded. The judges usually include contemporary writers, literary critics, and former winners of the prize. From 1945 through 1948, no prizes were awarded due to postwar instability.

The award lost some credibility in 1972 when one of its winners, Akio Miyahara, was found to have committed plagiarism.[7][8]

On January 15, 2004, the awarding of the 130th Akutagawa Prize made significant news when two women became the award's youngest winners. The prize went to both Wataya Risa, 19, and Kanehara Hitomi, 20. Previously, the youngest Akutagawa winners were all males over 23 years old, among them the current Tokyo Governor Shintaro Ishihara and novelist Kenzaburo Oe who later went on to win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1994.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Fukue, Nastuko, "Literary awards run spectrum", Japan Times, 14 February 2012, p. 3.
  2. ^ NATSUKO FUKUE. "Literary awards run spectrum", japantimes.com, Feb. 14, 2012
  3. ^ "Akutagawa Prize." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 14 Feb. 2012.
  4. ^ "Fujino wins Akutagawa award; Sakuragi gets Naoki prize". Japan Times. July 17, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Literature prizes elevate women". Japan Times. January 25, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Akutagawa, Naoki literary awards go to Shibasaki, Kurokawa". The Japan Times. July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  7. ^ Beauchamp, Nancy Junko (May 1974). "Modern Japanese Novels in English: A Selected Bibliography". Service Center Paper on Asian Studies (7). 
  8. ^ Yi-ling Lin (2011). "Plagiarism, Hiroshima, and Intertextuality: Ibuse Masuji’s Black Rain Reconsidered" 19 (2). 麗沢学際ジャーナル (Urarasawa interdisciplinary journal). p. 43. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 

References[edit]