Al-'Abbasiyya

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Al-'Abbasiyya
PikiWiki Israel 3581 yehuda tomb in yehud.jpg
Tomb of Yehuda ben-Yaakov (Ar: Huda ibn-Yaaqub) in Yehud, originally a Muslim shrine and today a Jewish one
Al-'Abbasiyya is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-'Abbasiyya
Al-'Abbasiyya
Arabic العبْاسِيّة/اليهودية
Also spelled al-Abbasiya, al-Yahudiya, Yehudiya[1]
Subdistrict Jaffa
Coordinates 32°01′51″N 34°53′25″E / 32.03083°N 34.89028°E / 32.03083; 34.89028Coordinates: 32°01′51″N 34°53′25″E / 32.03083°N 34.89028°E / 32.03083; 34.89028
Population
Area
Date of depopulation May 4, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Yehud

Al-'Abbasiyya (Arabic: العبْاسِيّة‎), also known as al-Yahudiya (Arabic: اليهودية‎), was a Palestinian Arab village in the Jaffa Subdistrict. It was attacked under Operation Hametz during the 1948 Palestine War, and finally depopulated under Operation Dani. It was located 13 km east of Jaffa. Some of the remains of the village can be found today in the centre of the modern Israeli city of Yehud.

History[edit]

In 1596, Yahudiya appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Ramla of the Liwa of Gaza. It had a population of 126 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops or fruit trees, sesame, and goats or beehives.[3]

The French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he called Yehoudieh, in 1863, and found it to have a population of more than 1,000 people. The houses were made of adobe bricks, several topped by palm leaves. Near a noria he noticed an ancient sarcophagus, placed there as a trough.[4][5]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described the place as "a large mud village, supplied by a pond, and surrounded by palm-trees."[6] They also noted a ruined tank, or birkeh, to the south of the village.[5]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Yahudiyeh had a population of 2,437, all Muslims,[7] while at the time of the 1931 census, Yahudiya had 772 occupied houses and a population of 3,253 Muslims and 5 Christians.[8]

The old name, Al-Yahudiya, is thought to be taken from the name of the biblical town of Yahud, mentioned in Joshua 19:45, and later called Iudaea by the Romans. In 1932, the town was officially renamed Al-'Abbasiyya,[9][10] because the inhabitants did not want the town name to be connected to Jewish people, with the chosen name was mostly in memory to a sheikh (al-'Abbas) who was buried in the town but also alluding to the Arab Muslim Abbasid Caliphate.[11]

By 1945, the population had increased to 5,630 Muslims, 150 Jews, and 20 Christians.[12]

1948 and after[edit]

On September 13, David Ben-Gurion requested the destruction of Al-'Abbasiyya, among other Palestinian villages whose inhabitants fled or were expelled.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ El-Yehudiyeh =The Jewish place, family, tribe, or female, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 220
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #213. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  3. ^ Wolf-Dieter Hütteroth and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 155. 
  4. ^ Guérin, 1868, p. 321-322
  5. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 278
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 258
  7. ^ J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. Table VII, Sub-district of Jaffa. 
  8. ^ E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 16. 
  9. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 232
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 219
  11. ^ Meron Benvenisti (2000). Sacred Landscape: The Buried History of the Holy Land Since 1948. University of California Press. p. 276. ISBN 978-0-520-21154-4. 
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Village Statistics, 1945.
  13. ^ Sa'di and Abu-Lughod, 2007, p. 37. Ben-Gurion wrote: "because of a lack of manpower to occupt the area in depth ... there was a need to partially destroy the following villages: 1. As Safiriya 2. Al-Haditha 3. Innaba 4. Daniyal 5. Jimzu 6. Kafr 'Ana 7. Al Yahudiya 8. Barfiliya 9. Al Barriya 10. Al-Qubab 11. Beit Nabala 12. Dayr Tarif 13. At Tira 13. Qula." Also quoted in Morris, 2004, p. 354.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]