Al-Abwa

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Al-Abwā' is a village belong to Rabigh, western coast of Saudi Arabia. Muhammad entered it before the Battle of Badr, in the 2 Safar AH.

It was here that Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith adopted Islam [1]

The Seventh Twelver Shī`a Imām and direct descendant of Muhammad, Musa al-Kadhim, was born in this town.[2][3]

As Islamic history the place where the mother of Muhammad, Hazrat Amina bint Wahb died.

Battles fought by Muhammad in al-Abwa[edit]

The fourth caravan raid that Muhammad ordered, known as the invasion of Waddan, was the first offensive in which Muhammad took part personally with 70, mostly Muhajir,troops.[4] It is said that twelve months after moving to Medina, Muhammad himself led a caravan raid to Waddan (Al-Abwa). The aim was to intercept the caravans of the Quraysh. The raid party did not meet any Quraysh during the raid.[5][6]

But the caravan of the Banu Damrah was raided. Negotiations began and the two leaders signed a treaty of non-aggression. Banu Damrah pledged to not attack Muslims or side with the Quraysh; and Muhammad pledged to not attack the caravans of Banu Damrah or seize their goods.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith on MSA West Compendium of Muslim Texts
  2. ^ A Brief History of The Fourteen Infallibles. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. 2004. p. 131. ISBN 964-438-127-0. 
  3. ^ Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim a.s
  4. ^ a b Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar p. 127
  5. ^ a b Haykal, Husayn (1976), The Life of Muhammad, Islamic Book Trust, p. 217, ISBN 978-983-9154-17-7 
  6. ^ Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (in Arabic). Islamic Book Trust.  Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic. English version here

Coordinates: 23°06′33″N 39°05′40″E / 23.10926°N 39.09433°E / 23.10926; 39.09433