Al-Atrash

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Al-Atrash family
عائلة الأطرش
Ethnicity Lebanese and Syrian origins
Current region Jabal al-Druze
Place of origin  Syria
Notable members Sultan al-Atrash
Farid al-Atrash
Asmahan
Name origin and meaning Atrash is Arabic for deaf.

The Atrash family (Arabic: الأطرشal-Aṭrash) is a famous Druze family. It is traditionally considered the source of leadership in Jabal ad-Duruz.

The name has the alternate spellings (with the prefix of al, al-, el or el-) of Atrache, Attrache, Attrasch Atrach, Attrach and Attrash, and is Arabic for "deaf". However, this is just a folk etymology, as the family name, like that of the other equally famous Druze family, the Jumblat, is Kurdish in origin.[citation needed] It finds its roots in the Artushi/Hartush tribe of Kurds that spread from the environs of Lake Van into northern Syria, albeit in its metathetic form.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The family is claimed to be descended from the Prince Fakhreddin al Ma'ani, and migrated in the beginning of the 18th century, from Lebanon to Jabal ad-Duruz in southern Syria.[citation needed]

They grew in importance and in 1869, Ismail al-Atrash led them to overthrow the al-Hamdan family by force. However, they were weakened by the peasant revolution of 1888.

In 1909, Zuqan al-Atrash led an unsuccessful rebellion, and was executed in 1910. The al-Atrash family led their fellow Druze in fight against the Ottomans once again during the Arab Revolt until 1918 and the French in 1923 and 1925–1927, headed by Sultan al-Atrash (son of Zuqan al-Atrash).Their influence started to wane after unification and independence of Syria, especially with the death of Sultan Pasha al-Atrash.

Some members of the Atrash family emigrated from Syria to Egypt in the 1920s.[1] Fleeing the French occupation of Syria, 'Alia al-Mundhir al-Atrash, from the House of Sultan al-Atrash, and her three children, Fuad, Farid, and Amal al-Atrash (later known as Asmahan) were sponsored by Egypt's prime minister Saad Zaghloul and later became naturalized citizens.[2] After successful musical careers, Asmahan, Fuad and Farid al-Atrash were buried at the Fustat Plain in Cairo.[3][4]

Notable members[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zuhur 2000, p. 39
  2. ^ Newspaper Article by Abdel-Fadil Taha 2008-05-23 Al-Quds Al-Arabi, "وحصلت الأسرة علي الجنسية المصرية وظلت تنعم بها ومنهم اسمهان بالطبع"
  3. ^ Classical Arabic Music Website.
  4. ^ El Kadi, Galila and Alain Bonnamy (2007) Architecture for the dead. American University in Cairo Press. p. 96
  5. ^ Zuhur 2000, p. 38

Sources[edit]

  • Zuhur, Sherifa (2000), Asmahan's Secrets: Woman, War, and Song, University of Texas Press, ISBN 978-0-292-79807-6