Al-Awamiyah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Al-Awamia
العوامية
Al-Awamiaالعوامية is located in Saudi Arabia
Al-Awamiaالعوامية
Al-Awamia
العوامية
Coordinates: 26°35′N 49°59′E / 26.583°N 49.983°E / 26.583; 49.983Coordinates: 26°35′N 49°59′E / 26.583°N 49.983°E / 26.583; 49.983
Country  Saudi Arabia
Province Eastern Province
Population [1]
 • Estimate (2009) 25,500

Al-Awamia or Awamia (Arabic: العواميةal-ʿAwāmiyyah) is a village situated in the Al-Qatif region[2] in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. As of 2009, it has a population of about 25,500 people.[1] Al-Awamia is bordered by the Al-Ramis farms to the east and some other farms to the west and the south. To the north side, there is a dividing line between Al-Awamiyah and the neighboring Safwa city, so the town cannot expand any more and provide housing land for its growing population. Due to this limited land, the people move out of the town and settle in nearby neighborhoods, notably Al-Nasera which is home to almost 2500 people living in 250 homes.[3]

Geography[edit]

It is an ancient town, overlooking the Persian Gulf, in the north end of the oasis of Al-Qatif. It is located about 2.1 km south of Safwa city and about 1 km north of Al-Quddaih.

It has a mangrove area.[4]

One of its neighborhoods is Al-Zara which used to be a historic city and the capital of the historic province of Bahrain since the early Islamic times.[5]

History[edit]

Despite a ban on public demonstrations in Saudi Arabia, on 29 July 2006, a Pro-Hezbollah march took place in Al-Awamia (as well as in Al Qatif) protesting against Israel’s military campaign against Lebanon, calling for a ceasefire.[6] Further protests took place on 3 August of the same year[7] and on 28 April 2009.[8]

In March 2009, at least four people, including one child, were arrested after taking part in rallies which were organized to protest the arrest of Sheikh Nimr Baqir al-Nimr, a senior Shiite cleric and Imam of a mosque in Al-Awamia. He had criticised attacks against Shiites traveling to the tomb of Prophet Muhammad.[9]

On November 21, 2011, masked anti-Al Saud militants clashed with security forces, which resulted in security forces fleeing the village and the militants taking over a riot police armored vehicle.[10]

Economy[edit]

Al-Awamia's economy is based mainly on petroleum production and agriculture.

Agriculture[edit]

The town is particularly famous and known for its tomatoes as it is called Ramsi tomatoes after the name of the land it is grown in, Al Ramis[11]

Oil[edit]

Oil pipelines surround the village from the west and north sides along with several oil wells of which some are old and others newly drilled as part of Qatif Project. Over 2 million barrels of oil pass through the village each day on the way to the Ras Tanura terminal and refinery.

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

The town is served by the nearby King Fahd International Airport which is 20 minutes away with a distance of 30 km from the terminal to the town.

Highway[edit]

The town can be accessed via either two exits from Dhahran-Jubail Highway; the Airport exit or Qatif's main entrance near Awjam.

Religion[edit]

The majority of the people of Al-Awamiyah are followers of Shia Islam

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Abu-Nasr, Donna (2009-04-01). "Saudi government cracks down on Shiite dissidents". The San Diego Union-Tribune/AP. Archived from the original on 2012-02-21. Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  2. ^ Scoville, Sheila A (1979). Sheila A. Scoville, ed. Gazetteer of Arabia: a geographical and tribal history of the Arabian Peninsula 1. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt. p. 370. ISBN 978-3-201-01090-0. Retrieved 13 September 2009. 
  3. ^ ar:العوامية
  4. ^ Khoja, T.M. (2000). "Impact of Human Activity on Biotic Communities in the Al Qatif Oasis, Saudi Arabia". Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences (Pakistan) 3 (2): 209. doi:10.3923/pjbs.2000.209.214. Retrieved 13 September 2009. 
  5. ^ http://alrames.net/?act=artc&id=873
  6. ^ "Saudi Shi'ites stage rare anti-Israel protests". The San Diego Union-Tribune. 31 July 2006. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  7. ^ "Saudi Police Disperse Pro-Hezbollah Shiite Protest". Iran Daily. 5 August 2006. Retrieved 2009-09-13. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Saudi march for Hezbollah draws thousands". Gulf News. 3 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  9. ^ "Des hommes et des adolescents chiites maintenus au secret par les autorités saoudiennes ("Men and young Shiites held incommunicado by the Saudi authorities")" (in French). Hacktivist News Service. 27 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  10. ^ tinyurl.com/awamia
  11. ^ http://www.alwatan.com.sa/news/newsdetail.asp?issueno=3113&id=96980&groupID=0