Al-Bayhaqi

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Islamic scholar
Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Husayn al-Bayhaqi
Title Imam Al-Bayhaqi
Born 384 AH/994 CE
Died 458 AH/1066 CE
Era Islamic golden age
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Shafi'i
Creed Ash'ari [1][2][3]
Main interest(s) Hadith, Shafi'i fiqh
Notable work(s) Sunan al-Kubra, Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat

Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Husayn Ibn 'Ali Ibn Moussa al-Khosrojerdi al-Bayhaqi, البيهقي also known as Imam Al-Bayhaqi was born 994 CE/384AH in the small town of Khusraugird near Sabzevar, then known as Bayhaq, in Khurasan.[5] During his lifetime, he became a famous Sunni hadith expert, following the Shafi'i school in fiqh and the Ash'ari school of aqeedah.[6][7][8]

Biography[edit]

Al-Bayhaqi was a scholar of fiqh, of the Shafi'i school of thought as well as hadith. He studied fiqh under Abu al-Fath Nasir ibn al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Naysaburi and others. He also studied hadith under Hakim al-Nishaburi and others, and was al-Nishaburi's foremost pupil. He died in 1066 CE.

Works[edit]

Bayhaqi was a prominent author in his time, having authored more than one thousand volumes according to Al-Dhahabi.[9] Among the most well-known books authored by him are:

  • Al-Sunan al-Kubra, commonly known as Sunan al-Bayhaqi
  • Ma`arifa al-Sunan wa al-Athar
  • Bayan Khata Man Akhta`a `Ala al-Shafi`i (The Exposition of the Error of Those who have Attributed Error to al-Shafi`i)
  • Al-Mabsut, a book on Shafi`i Law
  • Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat (The Divine Names and Attributes)
  • Al-I`tiqad `ala Madhhab al-Salaf Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jama`a
  • Dala'il al-Nubuwwah (The Signs of Prophethood)
  • Shu`ab al-Iman (The branches of faith)
  • Al-Da`awat al-Kabir (The Major Book of Supplications)
  • Al-Zuhd al-Kabir (The Major Book of Asceticism)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ovamir Anjum, Politics, Law, and Community in Islamic Thought: The Taymiyyan Moment (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization) 2012, p 142. ISBN 1107014069
  2. ^ Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 1130. ISBN 9004081143. 
  3. ^ Holtzman, Livnat. “Does God Really Laugh?” - Appropriate and Inappropriate Descriptions of God in Islamic Traditionalist Theology. p. 185. 
  4. ^ Constructive Critics, Ḥadīth Literature, and the Articulation of Sunnī Islam, By Scott C. Lucas, pg. 98
  5. ^ Imam Bayhaqi
  6. ^ Ovamir Anjum, Politics, Law, and Community in Islamic Thought: The Taymiyyan Moment (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization) 2012, p 142. ISBN 1107014069
  7. ^ Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 1130. ISBN 9004081143. 
  8. ^ Holtzman, Livnat. “Does God Really Laugh?” - Appropriate and Inappropriate Descriptions of God in Islamic Traditionalist Theology. p. 185. 
  9. ^ The Classification of Hadith, by Dr. Suhaib Hassan