The word "burooj" in the first verse is translated to constellations, stars, and Zodiacal signs.
Interpreters give several different versions of the story to be referred to in verses 4-8: persecution of Christians by Dhu Nuwas in Yemen, persecutions by Nebuchadnezzar, and people of the trench. It has been documented that Dun Nuwas burned 20,000 Christians alive in a burning trench because they refused to convert to Judaism. Quranic exegetes produced different interpretations of the term 'preserved tablet' in verse 22. In this surah the relationship of Quran to the 'Preserved Tablet' is correlated with the relation of the star constellations 'Al-Buruj' to the heavens 'Al-Sama'. Mu'tazilites argued that revelations were created initially in the preserved tablet. This seems to be close to another term, 'Mother of all books' (umm al-kitab), mentioned in 13:39 and 43:4.
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- Surah Al-Burooj (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
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