Al-Falaq

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  Sura 113 of the Quran  
الفلق
al-Falaq
The Daybreak

Arabic text · English translation


Classification Meccan
Other names (Eng.) Dawn
The Rising Dawn
Position Juz' 30
Structure 5 verses, 23 words, 71 letters

Sura al-Falaq (Arabic: سورة الفلق‎, Sūratu l-Falaq, "Dawn, Daybreak") is the 113th sura of the Qur'an. It is a brief five verse invocation, asking Allah for protection from the evil of Satan. This sura and the 114th (and last) sura in the Qur'an, an-Nas, are collectively referred to as al-Mu'awwidhatayn.

Translation and Transliteration[edit]

Arabic:

بِسۡمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ
قُلۡ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ ٱلۡفَلَقِ
مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ
وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ
وَمِن شَرِّ ٱلنَّفَّـٰثَـٰتِ فِى ٱلۡعُقَدِ
وَمِن شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ

Transliteration:

Bismillāhi r-Raḥmāni r-Raḥīm
Qul aʿuzu bi-Rabbi l-falaq
Min sharri ma khalaq
Wa min'sharri ġasiqin iḏa waqab
Wa min'sharri n-naffaṯati fi l-u'qad
Wa min'sharri hasidin iḏa hasad

Translation:

Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the Daybreak
From the evil of that which He created
And from the evil of the darkness when it is intense
And from the evil of the blower of knots
And from the evil of the envier when he envies

Notes[edit]

The word "al-Falaq" in the first verse, a generic term referring to the process of 'splitting', has been restricted in most translations to one particular type of splitting, namely 'daybreak' or 'dawn'.[1]

Verse 4 refers to one of soothsayer techniques to partially tie a knot, utter a curse and spit into the knot and pull it tight. In the pre-Islamic period, soothsayers claimed the power to cause various illnesses. According to soothsayers the knot had to be found and untied before the curse could be lifted. This practice is condemned in verse 4.[2]

This sura, along with the following sura, Sura 114, begins with 'I seek refuge', which is why both are referred to as al-Mu'awwidhatayn.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leaman, ed. by Oliver (2008). The Qur'an : an encyclopedia (Reprinted. ed.). Routledge. ISBN 9-78-0-415-32639-1. 
  2. ^ Newby, Gordon D. (2002). A concise encyclopedia of Islam. Oneworld. ISBN 1851682953. 

External links[edit]

Other Information[edit]

Previous sura:
al-Ikhlas
Sura 113 Next sura:
An-Nas
Arabic text