Al-Fath

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  Sura 48 of the Quran  
سورة الفتح
Sūrat al-Fatḥ
The Victory

Arabic text · English translation


Classification Meccan
Other names (Eng.) Conquest
Position Juz' 26
Structure 4 rukus, 29 verses

Surat Al-Fatḥ (Arabic: سورة الفتح‎, "Victory, Conquest") is the 48th sura of the Qur'an with 29 ayat.

Ahadith about al-Fath[edit]

  • Narrated Aslam: Allah's Apostle was travelling on one of his journeys, and 'Umar bin Al-Khattab was travelling along with him at night. 'Umar asked him about something, but Allah's Apostle did not answer him. He asked again, but he did not answer. He asked for the third time!, but he did not answer. On that, 'Umar said to himself, "May your mother lose you! You have asked Allah's Apostle three times, but he did not answer at all!" Umar said, "So I made my camel go fast till I was ahead of the people, and I was afraid that something might be! revealed about me. After a little while I heard a call maker calling me, I said, 'I was afraid that some Qur'anic Verse might be revealed about me.' So I went to Allah's Apostle and greeted him. He said, 'Tonight there has been revealed to me a Surah which is dearer to me than that on which the sun shines (i.e. the world).' Then he recited: 'Verily! We have given you (O Muhammad I, a manifest victory.' " (Surat al-Fath) No. (48.1).[1]
  • Narrated Habib bin Abi Thabit: I went to Abu Wail to ask him (about those who had rebelled against 'Ali). On that Abu Wail said, "We were at Siffin (a city on the bank of the Euphrates, the place where me battle took place between 'Ali and Muawiya) A man said, "Will you be on the side of those who are called to consult Allah's Book (to settle the dispute)?" 'Ali said, 'Yes (I agree that we should settle the matter in the light of the Qur'an)." ' Some people objected to 'Ali's agreement and wanted to fight. On that Sahl ibn Hunaif said, 'Blame yourselves! I remember how, on the day of Al-Hudaibiya (i.e. the peace treaty between the Prophet and the Quraish pagans), if we had been allowed to choose fighting, we would have fought (the pagans). At that time 'Umar came (to the Prophet) and said, "Aren't we on the right (path) and they (pagans) in the wrong? Won't our killed persons go to Paradise, and theirs in the Fire?" The Prophet replied, "Yes." Umar further said, "Then why should we let our religion be degraded and return before Allah has settled the matter between us?" The Prophet said, "O the son of Al-Khattab! No doubt, I am Allah's Apostle and Allah will never neglect me." So Umar left the place angrily and he was so impatient that he went to Abu Bakr and said, "O Abu Bakr! Aren't we on the right (path) and they (pagans) on the wrong?" Abu Bakr said, "O the son of Al-Khattab! He is Allah's Apostle, and Allah will never neglect him." Then Sura Al-Fath (The Victory) was revealed." [2]
  • Narrated Abu Wail: We were in Siffin and Sahl ibn Hunaif got up and said, "O people! Blame yourselves! We were with the Prophet on the day of Hudaibiya, and if we had been called to fight, we would have fought. But 'Umar bin Al Khatab came and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Aren't we in the right and our opponents in the wrongs' Allah's Apostle said, 'Yes.' 'Umar said, 'Aren't our killed persons in Paradise and their's in Hell?' He said, 'Yes.' 'Umar said, 'Then why should we accept hard terms in matters concerning our religion? Shall we return before Allah judges between us and them?' Allah's Apostle said, 'O Ibn Al-Khattab! I am the Apostle of Allah and Allah will never degrade me. Then 'Umar went to Abu Bakr and told him the same as he had told the Prophet. On that Abu Bakr said (to 'Umar). 'He is the Apostle of Allah and Allah will never degrade him.' Then Surat-al-Fath (i.e. Victory) was revealed and Allah's Apostle recited it to the end in front of 'Umar. On that 'Umar asked, 'O Allah's Apostle! Was it (i.e. the Hudaibiya Treaty) a victory?' Allah's Apostle said, "Yes" [3]
  • Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal: I saw Allah's Apostle on the day of the Conquest of Mecca over his she-camel, reciting Surat-al-Fath in a vibrant quivering tone. (The sub-narrator, Mu'awiya added, "Were I not afraid that the people may gather around me, I would recite in vibrant quivering tone as he (i.e. 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal) did, imitating Allah's Apostle.") [4]
  • Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal: On the Day of the Conquest of Mecca, the Prophet recited Surat Al-Fath in a vibrating and pleasant voice. (Muawaiya, the subnarrator said, "If I could imitate the recitation of the Prophet I would do so.")[5]
  • Narrated Shu'ba: Mu'awiya bin Qurra reported that 'Abdullah bin Al-Maghaffal Al-Muzani said, "I saw Allah's Apostle on the day of the Conquest of Mecca, riding his she-camel and reciting Surat-al-Fath (48) or part of Surat-al-Fath. He recited it in a vibrating and pleasant voice. Then Mu'awiya recited as 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal had done and said, "Were I not afraid that the people would crowd around me, I would surely recite in a vibrating pleasant voice as Ibn Mughaffal did, imitating the Prophet." I asked Muawiya, "How did he recite in that tone?" He said thrice, "A, A , A."[6]
  • Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal:I saw Allah's Apostle reciting Surat-al-Fath on his she-camel on the day of the Conquest of Mecca.[7]

Content[edit]

[Quran 48:10][edit]

  • This verse focuses on the importance of being dedicated to God. Those who do not dedicate themselves to God and remain that way will have their souls suffer. Those who stay dedicated to God will be rewarded by God.[8]

[Quran 48:16][edit]

  • This verse is said to contain a prophecy.[9]

[Quran 48:18][edit]

This verse is regarding the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah.[9]

[Quran 48:27][edit]

This verse is regarding The first pilgrimage.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 61 Virtues of the Qur'an, Number 532
  2. ^ Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60 Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)), Number 367
  3. ^ Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 53: One-fifth of Booty to the Cause of Allah (Khumus), Number 406
  4. ^ Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59: Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi), Number 578
  5. ^ Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60: Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)), Number 359
  6. ^ Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 93: ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED), Number 631
  7. ^ Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 61: Virtues of the Qur'an, Number 553
  8. ^ "Qur'anic Verses". World Digital Library. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c Hesham Azmy. "Noorullah Website - Exposing Fallacies". Archived from the original on 2009-10-24. 

External links[edit]

  • Surah Al-Fath (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
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Muhammad
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Al-Hujraat
Arabic text