Map of Syria with Al Hasakah highlighted
|Coordinates (Al-Hasakah): Coordinates:|
|• Total||23,334 km2 (9,009 sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|ISO 3166 code||SY-HA|
|Main language(s)||Arabic, Syriac, Kurdish, Armenian|
|Ethnicities||Arabs, Assyrians, Kurds, Armenians|
Al-Hasakah Governorate (Arabic: الحسكة / ALA-LC: Muḥāfaẓat al-Ḥasakah, Kurdish: پارێزگای حەسیچە/Parêzgeha Hasce, Classical Syriac: ܓܙܪܬܐ Gozarto) is a governorate in the far north-east corner of Syria. It is distinguished by its fertile lands, plentiful water, picturesque nature, and more than one hundred archaeological sites. It encompasses part of the former Al-Jazira province. Prior to the Syrian Civil War nearly half of Syria's oil was extracted from the region.
Demographics and population
The inhabitants of al-Hasakah governorate are composed of different ethnic and cultural groups, the larger groups being Arabs, Assyrians/Syriacs, and Kurds, with smaller minorities of Armenians. The population of the governorate, according to the country's official census, was 1,275,118, 1,377,000 in 2007, and 1,512,000 in 2011. Between 20-30% are Christians of various churches and denominations.
Al-Hasakah province is administratively divided into four districts:
There are 1717 villages in Al-Hasakah province: 1161 Arab villages. 453 Kurdish villages, and 98 Assyrian villages.
|Mixed Arab-Kurdish villages||48|
|Mixed Arab-Assyrian villages||3|
|Mixed Assyrian-Kurdish villages||2|
The population figures are given according to the 2004 official census:
|English Name||Arabic Name||Population||District|
|Ras al-Ayn||رأس العين||29,347||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Tell Hamis||تل حميس||71,699||Qamishli District|
|Tal Tamer||تل تمر||50,285||Al-Hasakah District|
|Al-Sabaa wa Arbain||السبعة وأربعين||14,177||Al-Hasakah District|
|al-Manajir||المناجير||12,156||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Ad-Darbasiyah||الدرباسية||8,551||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Mabrouka||مبروكة||6,325||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Tal-Safouk||تل صفوك||5,781||Al-Hasakah District|
Districts and sub-districts
- Al-Malikiyah District
- Al-Qamishli District
- Ras al-Ayn District
- Al-Hasakah District
The Khabur River, which flows through al-Hasakah for 440 kilometres (270 mi), witnessed the birth of the some of the earliest civilizations in the world. The most prominent archaeological sites are:
- Hamoukar:considered by some archaeologists to be the oldest city in the world
- Tell Halaf: Excavations have revealed successive civilization levels, Neolithic glazed pottery and beautiful basalt sculptures.
- Tell Brak: Situated halfway between al-Hasakah city and the frontier town of al-Qamishli. Excavations in the tell have revealed the Uyun Temple and King Naram-Sin palace-stronghold.
- Tell el Fakhariya
- Tell Hittin: 15 layers of occupation have been identified.
- Tell Leilan: Excavations began in 1975 and have revealed many artefacts and buildings dating back to the 6th millennium BC such as a bazaar, temple, palace, etc.
- Al Monitor, Syria's Oil Crisis, 2013, http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/ru/originals/2013/02/syria-oil-crisis.html#
- Syria - Sunnis
- Fresh clashes break out in Damascus
- ehasakeh The First Complete website for Al-Hasakah news and services