Map of Syria with Al Hasakah highlighted
|Coordinates (Al-Hasakah): Coordinates:|
|• Total||23,334 km2 (9,009 sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|ISO 3166 code||SY-HA|
|Main language(s)||Arabic, Syriac-Aramaic, Kurds, Armenian|
|Ethnicities||Arabs, Assyrians/Syriacs, Kurds, Armenians|
Al-Hasakah Governorate (Arabic: الحسكة / ALA-LC: Muḥāfaẓat al-Ḥasakah, Kurdish: پارێزگای حەسیچە/Parêzgeha Hasce, Classical Syriac: ܓܙܪܬܐ Gozarto) is a governorate in the far north-east corner of Syria. It is distinguished by its fertile lands, plentiful water, picturesque nature, and more than one hundred archaeological sites. It encompasses part of the former Al-Jazira province. Prior to the Syrian Civil War nearly half of Syria's oil was extracted from the region.
Demographics and population
The inhabitants of al-Hasakah governorate are composed of different ethnic and cultural groups, the larger groups being Arabs, Assyrians/Syriacs, Kurds, and with a minority of Armenians. The population of the governorate according to the 2004 official census was 1,275,118, 1,377,000 in 2007 and 1,512,000 in 2011.
The Population figures are given according to the 2004 official census:
|English Name||Arabic Name||Population||District|
|Ras al-Ayn||رأس العين||29,347||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Al-Sabaa wa Arbain||السبعة وأربعين||14,177||Al-Hasakah District|
|al-Manajir||المناجير||12,156||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Ad-Darbasiyah||الدرباسية||8,551||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Tal Tamer||تل تمر||7,285||Al-Hasakah District|
|Mabrouka||مبروكة||6,325||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Tal-Safouk||تل صفوك||5,781||Al-Hasakah District|
|Tal Hamis||تل حميس||5,161||Qamishli District|
Districts and sub-districts
- Al-Malikiyah District
- Al-Qamishli District
- Ras al-Ayn District
- Al-Hasakah District
The Khabur River, which flows through al-Hasakah for 440 kilometres (270 mi), witnessed the birth of the some of the earliest civilizations in the world. The most prominent archaeological sites are:
- Hamoukar:considered by some archaeologists to be the oldest city in the world
- Tell Halaf: Excavations have revealed successive civilization levels, Neolithic glazed pottery and beautiful basalt sculptures.
- Tell Brak: Situated halfway between al-Hasakah city and the frontier town of al-Qamishli. Excavations in the tell have revealed the Uyun Temple and King Naram-Sin palace-stronghold.
- Tell el Fakhariya
- Tell Hittin: 15 layers of occupation have been identified.
- Tell Leilan: Excavations began in 1975 and have revealed many artefacts and buildings dating back to the 6th millennium BC such as a bazaar, temple, palace, etc.
- Al Monitor, Syria's Oil Crisis, 2013, http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/ru/originals/2013/02/syria-oil-crisis.html#
- Syria - Sunnis
- Syria (05/07)
- Fresh clashes break out in Damascus
- ehasakeh The First Complete website for Al-Hasakah news and services