Al-Hasakah Governorate

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Al Hasakah
الحسكة
Governorate
Map of Syria with Al Hasakah highlighted
Map of Syria with Al Hasakah highlighted
Coordinates (Al-Hasakah): 36°30′N 40°54′E / 36.5°N 40.9°E / 36.5; 40.9Coordinates: 36°30′N 40°54′E / 36.5°N 40.9°E / 36.5; 40.9
Country  Syria
Capital Al-Hasakah
Manatiq (Districts) 4
Area
 • Total 23,334 km2 (9,009 sq mi)
Population (31/12/2011)
 • Total 1,512,000[1]
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
ISO 3166 code SY-HA
Main language(s) Arabic, Syriac, Kurdish, Armenian
Ethnicities Arabs, Assyrians, Kurds, Armenians

Al-Hasakah Governorate (Arabic: الحسكة‎ / ALA-LC: Muḥāfaẓat al-Ḥasakah, Kurdish: پارێزگای حەسیچە/Parêzgeha Hasce, Classical Syriac: ܓܙܪܬܐ Gozarto) is a governorate in the far north-east corner of Syria. It is distinguished by its fertile lands, plentiful water, picturesque nature, and more than one hundred archaeological sites. It encompasses part of the former Al-Jazira province. Prior to the Syrian Civil War nearly half of Syria's oil was extracted from the region.[2]

Demographics and population[edit]

The inhabitants of al-Hasakah governorate are composed of different ethnic and cultural groups, the larger groups being Arabs, Assyrians/Syriacs, and Kurds, with smaller minorities of Armenians.[3] The population of the governorate, according to the country's official census, was 1,275,118, 1,377,000 in 2007, and 1,512,000 in 2011. Between 20-30% are Christians of various churches and denominations.[4]

Al-Hasakah province is administratively divided into four districts:

There are 1717 villages in Al-Hasakah province: 1161 Arab villages. 453 Kurdish villages, and 98 Assyrian villages.

Arab villages 1161
Kurdish villages 453
Assyrian villages 98
Mixed Arab-Kurdish villages 48
Mixed Arab-Assyrian villages 3
Mixed Assyrian-Kurdish villages 2
Total 1717

The population figures are given according to the 2004 official census:[5]

English Name Arabic Name Population District
Al-Hasakah الحسكة 188,160 Al-Hasakah District
Al-Qamishli القامشلي 184,231 Qamishli District
Ras al-Ayn رأس العين 29,347 Ras al-Ayn District
Tell Hamis تل حميس 71,699 Qamishli District
al-Yarobiyah اليعربية 39,459 Al-Malikiyah District
Amuda عامودا 26,821 Qamishli District
Al-Malikiyah المالكية 26,311 Al-Malikiyah District
Al-Qahtaniyah القحطانية 65,685 Qamishli District
Al-Shaddadi الشدادي 24,806 Al-Hasakah District
Tal Tamer تل تمر 50,285 Al-Hasakah District
Al-Maabadah المعبدة 15,759 Al-Malikiyah District
Al-Sabaa wa Arbain السبعة وأربعين 14,177 Al-Hasakah District
al-Manajir المناجير 12,156 Ras al-Ayn District
Ad-Darbasiyah الدرباسية 8,551 Ras al-Ayn District
al-Jawadiyah الجوادية 6,630 Al-Malikiyah District
Mabrouka مبروكة 6,325 Ras al-Ayn District
Tal-Safouk تل صفوك 5,781 Al-Hasakah District
al-Tweinah التوينة 5,062 Al-Hasakah District
al-Fadghami الفدغمي 5,062 Al-Hasakah District

Districts and sub-districts[edit]

The governorate has 4 districts (Mintaqa's). These are further divided into 19 sub-districts (nawahi):

Archaeology[edit]

The Khabur River, which flows through al-Hasakah for 440 kilometres (270 mi), witnessed the birth of the some of the earliest civilizations in the world. The most prominent archaeological sites are:

  • Hamoukar:considered by some archaeologists to be the oldest city in the world
  • Tell Halaf: Excavations have revealed successive civilization levels, Neolithic glazed pottery and beautiful basalt sculptures.
  • Tell Brak: Situated halfway between al-Hasakah city and the frontier town of al-Qamishli. Excavations in the tell have revealed the Uyun Temple and King Naram-Sin palace-stronghold.
  • Tell el Fakhariya
  • Tell Hittin: 15 layers of occupation have been identified.
  • Tell Leilan: Excavations began in 1975 and have revealed many artefacts and buildings dating back to the 6th millennium BC such as a bazaar, temple, palace, etc.

History[edit]

3 soldiers were killed by armed militants in Al-Hasakah in an ambush during the Syrian Civil War on 24 March 2012.[6]

About a year later, Kurdish forces launched the 2013 Al-Hasakah offensive.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • ehasakeh The First Complete website for Al-Hasakah news and services