|This article is outdated. (March 2013)|
|Yemeni Congregation for Reform
التجمع اليمني للإصلاح
Al-Tajammu'u Al-Yamani Lil-Islah
|Leader||Mohammed Qahtan, Sadeq Al-Ahmar, Abdul Majeed al-Zindani|
|Founded||13 September 1990|
|Political position||Right-wing|
|International affiliation||Muslim Brotherhood|
|Parliament of Yemen|
|Politics of Yemen
The Yemeni Congregation for Reform, frequently called Islah or Al-Islah, (Arabic: التجمع اليمني للإصلاح Al-Tajammu'u Al-Yamani Lil-Islah), is the main opposition party in Yemen. At the last legislative elections, 27 April 2003, the party won 22.6% of the popular vote and 46 out of 301 seats.
General structure, leadership
Al-Islah has been described as consisting of "three components. The first is the political faction, Yemen’s Muslim Brotherhood, led by Mohammed Qahtan. The second is the tribal confederacy which was led by top tribal chief Sheikh Abdullah al-Ahmar until his death in 2007 at which time he was succeeded by his son Sadeq. (Hamid al-Ahmar is Sadeq's younger brother and is active in politics.) The third is the mainstream in Yemen, led by the country’s most prominent Sunni religious scholar, Abdul Majeed al-Zindani."
In the 2003 parliamentary election, Al-Islah won 46 seats. As of 2010[update], 13 of Al-Islah's parliament members are women, including human rights activist and Nobel laureate Tawakel Karman, who created the activist group Women Journalists Without Chains in 2005 and became the first Yemeni and Arab woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011.
Al-Islah says that those thinking of fighting for the Yemeni government against the Shia insurgency of the Houthis should instead keep well out of the war because Yemenis must not help Yemen's pro-Western government, which deserves to be overthrown.
Al-Islah is agitating, at the moment, against a draft amendment to the constitution of Yemen that could allow the president to run for life. The party is also involved in organising demonstrations for the ongoing 2011 Yemeni protests.
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- Yemen: An Election Realignment STRATFOR, 20 September 2006
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- Al-Sakkaf, Nadia (17 June 2010). "Renowned activist and press freedom advocate Tawakul Karman to the Yemen Times: "A day will come when all human rights violators pay for what they did to Yemen"". Women Journalists Without Chains. Archived from the original on 30 January 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011.