al-Jammama

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al-Jammama
Arabic الجمامه
Also spelled al-Jamama
Subdistrict Beersheba
Population 6 (not including Bedouin inhabitants) (1931)
Area
Date of depopulation May 22, 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Ruhama

Al-Jammama (Arabic: الجمامه‎) was a Palestinian Arab village located in the Negev Desert 30 km west of the city of Beersheba. Its settled population was recorded as six in the 1931 census

History[edit]

The village was an archeological site, containing cisterns, an olive press, mosaic floors, tombs, the crown of a stone column, and stone tools from the Middle Paleolithic period have been found in the vicinity.[2]

At the end of World War I, on 8 November 1917, the British defeated the Ottoman force in al Jammama, which resulted in a British occupation of the village.[3]

Al-Jammama had an elementary school which was founded in 1944.[4]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War it was captured by Israel's Negev and Giv'ati brigades on May 22, 1948, and all of its six inhabitants were transferred.

The agricultural settlement of Ruchama was established in 1944 on village land.[4]

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, the remaining structures on the village land were in 1992: "A few walls remain on the slopes of hills, surrounded by shrubs and thorns.Cactuses and gum trees grow on the site. The site is used for animal grazing; it also has a stable for horses. The surrounding lands are used for agriculture. Bedouin still camp near the site occasionally to take advantage of nearby pasture."[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #364. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  2. ^ Ohel 1967:49-56. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 74
  3. ^ Wavell 1972:145, Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p 74
  4. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p 74

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]